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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
Unit of Resistance
Ohms
something a monk might say
Parallel Circuit
More than one path for electrons to flow
Series Circuit
One path for electrons to flow
Mega
M
1,000,000
Ray with the highest frequency
Gamma
Law of Momentum
the momentum stays the same unless acted upon by the forces explained in Newton's Laws
Resonance
ability to vibrate at maximum altitude at a certain frequency
Kilo
K
1,000
Hecto
H
100
Deka
da
10
Base Unit
1
Deci
d
0.1 or 1/10
Centi
c
.01
1/100
Milli
m
0.001
1/1000
Waves
Compressional and Transverse
How are igneous rocks formed?
Crystallization of Magma
Extrusive
Fine grained igneous rocks that cool quickly
Intrusive
Coarse-grained igneous rocks that cool slowly
Most common intrusive igneous
Granite
Last mineral to crystallize
Quartz
Bowen's Reaction Series
illustrates relationship between cooling magma and mineral formation
Cooling rates
extrusive igneous- no mineral grains
intrusive- may be larger than 1 cm grains
Sedimentary Rocks- Forming
process of weathering, erosion, deposition, burial and lithification
lithification
the physical and chemical process that transform sediments into sedimentary rocks
Sedimentary Features
Horizontal Layering- Bedding- ex. Limestone
Metamorphic Rocks
formed by heat and pressure- foliated non foliated
Plate Tectonics
Study of the movement of plates
Divergent
go apart
Transverse Plate
Subduction
one goes up, one goes down
one goes below
What makes something float or sink?
gravity pushes down
buoyancy pushes up
Buoyancy
the force of liquid pushing up against something- acts against gravity
Voltage
difference in potential energy between two points in a circuit
Current
flow of electrons
Transverse Wave
causes vibration in the medium in a perpendicular direction to its own motion
Compressional Wave
vibrates in the same direction as matter
wavelength
distance between two side by side compressions pf the same wave
Convex Lens
Curves out
Concave Lens
Curves in
Frequency
the number or crests or troughs that pass through one point in a second
Newton's 1st Law
Object in Motion will stay in motion and an object at rest will stay at rest unless acted upon by an outside force- inertia
Newton's Second Law
F= ma
force= mass x acceleration
Newton's Third Law
For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction
Speed of Sound
Velocity of sound waves passing through an elastic medium
Things that affect speed of sound
faster in water than air
temperature affects it- travels faster at higher temperature
Gravitation
a natural phenomenon by which all objects attract each other- responsible for keeping the Earth and the other planets in their orbits around the Sun; for keeping the Moon in its orbit around the Earth; and for the formation of tides
Instantaneous Speed
speed at any given point in time
Constant Speed
travels at a constant velocity
Average Speed
avg speed= distance / time
Mineral and Rock
All rocks are made of 2 or more minerals, but minerals are not made of rocks.
Earthly Elements
Oxygen, Silicon, Aluminum, Iron, Calcium, Hydrogen etc.
Wavelength
Distance between repeating units of a propigating wave of a given frquency
Crest
top of wave
Trough
bottom of wave
Reflection
is the change in direction of a wave front at an interface between two dissimilar media so that the wave front returns into the medium from which it originated
Refraction
is the change in direction of a wave due to a change in its speed
Long Wavelength
Low frequency
Low Energy
Short wavelength
High Frequency
High energy