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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
what are two elements that are chemically combined
binary compounds
what are the 3 types of chemical bonds
ionic
covelant
poly atomic
what type of bond is this
metal+nonematal
ionic
what is the clue to finding an ionic bond
check to see if the first element in the compound is a metal
what type of bond is this
nonmetal + nonmetal
covalent
what is the clue to finding a covalent bond
check to see if the first element in a bond is a nonmetal
what type of bond is this
metal + one or more ions
poly atomic
what is the clue to finding a poly atomic bond
check to see if the first metal in compound is a metal and then CHECK THE SECOND PART OF THE COMPOUND FOR TWO CAPITAL LETTERS
what are the steps for naming binary compounds
1 the positive ion goes first

2 the negative element or ion goes second

3 add ide to the end of the 2nd element (IONIC AND COVELANT)

4 use roman numerals for the oxidation numbers. (ionic) USE ONLY FOR TRANS METALS
what are the steps for naming covelant bonds
1 the positive ion goes first

2 the negative element or ion goes second

3 add ide to the end of the 2nd element

4 use subscript for the prifixes in the name
what are the steps for naming poly atomic bonds
1 write the positive element first

2 write the negative element 2nd

3 name the first element

4 name the ion
what kind of bond is this
MgO
ionic
what kind of bond is this
NaF
ionic
what kind of bond is this
ZnCl
ionic
what kind of bond is this
CO2
covalent
what kind of bond is this
C2Cl3
covalent
what kind of Bond is this
NO
covalent
what kind of bond is this
NaSO4
poly atomic
what kind of bond is this
MgCO3
poly atomic
what kind of bond is this
LiClO3
poly atomic
Name this
ZnCL
zinc (I)chlorde
name this
CO
carbonmonoxide
name this
dicarbontetrachloride
name this
NaOH
sodiumhydroxide
name this
MgNO3
magnesiumnitrite
what is two or more substances combined to produce a more complex substance
synthesis reaction
what is the general formula for a synthesis reaction
a+b ---> ab

element+element-->compound
or
compound+compound-->compound
what type of reaction is this
2H2 + O2 ---> H20
synthesis
what type of reaction is this
c + O2 ---> CO2
synthesis
what is when one or more substances is broken down into simpler substances
decompostion reaction
what is the general formula for a decomposition reaction
ab ---> a + b

compound-->compound+compound
or
compound-->element+element
what kind of reaction is this
AgO ---> Ag + O
decomposition reaction
what is a neutral element that becomes an ion and replaces another ion in the compound
single replacement
what is the general formula for a single replacement reaction
a + bc ---> ac + b

elem + comp -> elem + comp
what kind of reaction is this
Al + CuCl ---> AlCl + Cu
single replacement
what is when compounds switch partners
double replacement
what is the general formula for double replacement reactions
ab + cd ---> ad +bc

comp + comp ---> comp + comp
what kind of reaction is this
AgNO + NaCl ---> AgCl + NaNO
double replacement