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36 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Tinel's sign
paresthesia caused by light tapping over the carpal tunnel
Phalen’s sign
paresthesia caused by holding both wrists in 90º flexion for > 60 seconds
Cozen’s test
dorsiflexion of the wrist against resistance – pain in the area of the lateral epicondyle is considered a positive test
Cozen’s test indicates what?
Lateral epicondylitis- tennis elbow
Tinel's sign indicates what?
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Phalen’s sign indicates what?
Carpal tunnel syndrome
Patrick’s maneuver
With patient supine, the hip and knee are flexed and the external malleolus is placed above the patella of the opposite leg. If groin pain is elicited when the knee is depressed, the test is positive
Patrick’s maneuver indicates what?
Anterior hip problems
Bulge sign
With knee extended, “milk” fluid downward, apply medial pressure, and then tap the knee behind lateral margin and watch for a fluid wave
Balloon sign
Place the thumb and index finger of your right hand on each side of the patella and compress the suprapatellar pouch against the femur with your left hand. Feel for fluid entering the spaces next to the patella
Bulge sign indicates what?
Knee effusion
Balloon sign indicates what?
Knee effusion
Anterior drawer test
With knee in 90º of flexion, draw tibia forward and see if it slides
Lachman’s test
With knee in 20º of flexion, draw tibia forward and see if it slides. (more sensitive than anterior drawer test)
Posterior drawer test
With knee in 90º of flexion, push tibia backwards and see if it slides
Sag sign
With distal thigh supported by a pillow and foot on table, tibia subluxes backward and anterior aspect of leg appears to sag
Lachman’s test indicates what?
ACL tear
Sag sign indicates what?
PCL tear
Valgus deformity
indicates MCL tear
Varus deformity
indicates LCL tear
Unhappy triad
ACL, MCL, Medial meniscus
Ankle anterior drawer test
Stabilize the ankle with one hand, grasp the heel with the other, and draw the heel forward. Assess for pain
Talar tilt
Stabilize the ankle with one hand, grasp the heel with the other, and invert the foot. Assess for pain
Ankle anterior drawer test indicates what?
injury to the anterior talofibular ligament
Talar tilt indicates what?
injury to the calcaneofibular ligament
Blumberg’s sign
Rebound tenderness
Schamroth’s sign
Clubbing of fingers
Bow string test
put finger on hamstring-> stretch-> sciatica brings pain
Psoas sign
Pain on passive extension of the right thigh while the patient lies on left side
Psoas sign indicates what?
Obturator Sign
Pain on flexion of the patient’s right thigh at the hip with the knee flexed and then internally rotating the hip and observing for pain
Rovsing’s Sign
Pain on palpating deeply in the left iliac area and observing for referred pain in the right iliac fossa
Murphy’s Sign
Hook your fingers under the right costal margin. Have the patient take a deep breath and look for a sudden stop in inspiration. Sudden stoppage is a positive Murphy Sign
Obturator Sign indicates what?
Rovsing’s Sign indicates what?
Murphy’s Sign indicates what?