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303 Cards in this Set

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skin: ROS
rash or other lesion? Changes in color? Itching?
skin: Spanish
la piel
skin: French
la peau
skin: Arabic
بَشَرَة
malignant melanoma: warning sigs
Assymetry, Border irregularity, Color variation, Diameter larger than 6 mm (ABCD)
transverse grooves in fingernail: eponym
Beau's lines
transverse grooves in fingernail: associations
conditions that temporarily arrest nail growth: malnutrition, infection...
white transverse line in fingernail: eponym
Mee's bands
white transverse line in fingernail: associations
poisoning (arsenic, chemo) or acute systemic illness
half-and-half nails", nproximal bed is whitish, distal is red or pink: eponym
Lindsay's nails
half-and-half nails", nproximal bed is whitish, distal is red or pink: associations
chronic renal disease and azotemia
White nail beds to within 1 to 2 mm of distal border of nail bed: eponym
Terry's nails
White nail beds to within 1 to 2 mm of distal border of nail bed: associations
cirrhosis, hypoalbuminemia, CHF, adult diabetes
Splinter hemorrhages: associations
common (20% hospital pts), trauma, systemic disease
spoon nail: medical term
koilonychia
spoon nail: associations
iron deficiency, other thinning of nail plate including local irritant
Angle between nail bed and finger: eponym
Lovibond's angle
clubbing of fingernails: associations
inherited autosomal dominant, acquired w/ cyanotic disease
fingernail pitting: associations
psoriasis, psoriatic arthropathy
macule: primary or secondary
primary
macule: palpable
no
macule: size
<1cm
patch: primary or secondary
primary
patch: palpable
no
patch: size
>1cm
papule: primary or secondary
primary
papule: palpable
yes
papule: solid mass or fluid-filled
solid mass
papule: size
<1cm
nodule: primary or secondary
primary
nodule: palpable
yes
nodule: solid mass or fluid-filled
solid mass
nodule: size
1-2cm
tumor: primary or secondary
primary
tumor: palpable
yes
tumor: solid mass or fluid-filled
solid mass
tumor: size
>2cm
plaque: primary or secondary
primary
plaque: palpable
yes
plaque: solid mass or fluid-filled
solid mass
wheal: primary or secondary
primary
wheal: palpable
yes
wheal: solid mass or fluid-filled
solid mass
wheal: contents
cutaneous edema
vesicle: primary or secondary
primary
vesicle: palpable
yes
vesicle: solid mass or fluid-filled
fluid filled
vesicle: size
<1cm
vesicle: contents
serous fluid
bulla: primary or secondary
primary
bulla: palpable
yes
bulla: solid mass or fluid-filled
fluid filled
bulla: size
>1cm
bulla: contents
serous fluid
pustule: primary or secondary
primary
pustule: palpable
yes
pustule: solid mass or fluid-filled
fluid filled
pustule: size
<1cm
pustule: contents
pus
comedo: primary or secondary
primary
comedo: characteristics
plugged opening of sebaceous gland
burrow: primary or secondary
primary
burrow: characteristics
raised tunnel <10mm
cyst: primary or secondary
primary
cyst: characteristics
palpable lesion filled with fluid w/in dermis
cyst: Spanish
el quiste
cyst: French
le kyste
abscess: primary or secondary
primary
abscess: characteristics
localized accumulation of purulent material in dermis or subcutis (pus not visible from surface)
abscess: Spanish
el absceso
abscess: French
l'abcès
abscess: Arabic
خُرَّاج
furuncle: primary or secondary
primary
furuncle: characteristics
necrotizing inflamation of a hair follicle
carbuncle: primary or secondary
primary
carbuncle: characteristics
coalescence of several furuncles
milia: primary or secondary
primary
milia: characteristics
accumulation of keratin in distal portion of sweat gland
erosion: primary or secondary
secondary
erosion: above or below skin plane
below
erosion: characteristics
loss of part or all of epidermis, moist
erosion: texture
moist
ulcer: primary or secondary
secondary
ulcer: above or below skin plane
below
ulcer: characteristics
loss of epidermis and dermis, may bleed
ulcer: Spanish
la úlcera
ulcer: French
l'ulcère
ulcer: Arabic
قُرْحَة
fissure: primary or secondary
secondary
fissure: above or below skin plane
below
fissure: characteristics
linear crack from epidermis into dermis
excoriation: primary or secondary
secondary
excoriation: above or below skin plane
below
excoriation: characteristics
scratch or abrasion, superficial
atrophy: primary or secondary
secondary
atrophy: above or below skin plane
below
atrophy: characteristics
thinning of skin
sclerosis: primary or secondary
secondary
sclerosis: above or below skin plane
below
sclerosis: characteristics
hardening of skin
sclerosis: texture
hard
scaling: primary or secondary
secondary
scaling: above or below skin plane
above
scaling: characteristics
heaped up keratinized cells, exfoliated epidermis
crusting: primary or secondary
secondary
crusting: above or below skin plane
above
crusting: characteristics
dried residue of pus, serum, or blood
erythema: primary or secondary
secondary
erythema: blanchable
yes
erythema: color
pink or red
erythema: cause
dilated vessels
petechia: primary or secondary
secondary
petechia: size
<.5cm
petechia: blanchable
no
purpura: primary or secondary
secondary
purpura: size
>.5cm
purpura: blanchable
no
ecchymosis: blanchable
no
telangeiectasia: primary or secondary
secondary
spider angioma: primary or secondary
secondary
spider angioma: blanchable
yes, when pressure applied to center
scar: primary or secondary
secondary
keloid: primary or secondary
secondary
lichenification: primary or secondary
secondary
lichenification: characteristics
roughened and thickened epidermis w/ accentuated skin markings
freckle: primary skin lesion
macule
freckle: Spanish
la peca
freckle: French
la tache de rousseur
mole: primary skin lesion
macule
mole: Spanish
el lunar
mole: French
le grain de beauté
mole: Arabic
خال
vitiligo: primary skin lesion
patch
cafe au lait spot: primary skin lesion
patch
nevus: primary skin lesion
papule
wart: primary skin lesion
papule
wart: Spanish
la verruga
wart: French
la verrue
wart: Arabic
ثُؤْلُول
erythema nodosum: primary skin lesion
nodule
psoriasis: primary skin lesion
plaque, scaling
seborrheic keratosis: primary skin lesion
plaque, scaling
hives: primary skin lesion
wheal
insect bite: primary skin lesion
wheal
herpes simplex: primary skin lesion
vesicle
pmephigus vulgaris: primary skin lesion
bulla
blister: primary skin lesion
vesicle/bulla
blister: Spanish
la ampolla
blister: French
l'ampoule
blister: Arabic
حُوَيْصِلَة
acne: primary skin lesion
pustule
acne: Spanish
el acné
acne: French
l'acné
acne: Arabic
حَبُّ الشَّبَاب
impetigo: primary skin lesion
pustule, crusting
blackhead: primary skin lesion
comedo
scabies: primary skin lesion
burrow
scabies: Spanish
la sarna
scabies: French
la gale
sebaceos cyst: primary skin lesion
cyst
ruture of vesicle: secondary skin lesion
erosion
stasis ulcer: secondary skin lesion
ulcer
chancre: secondary skin lesion
ulcer
chancre: Spanish
el chancre
chancre: French
le chancre
chancre: Arabic
قَرْحَة
cheilitis: secondary skin lesion
fissure
abrasion: secondary skin lesion
excoriation
striae: secondary skin lesion
atrophy
dandruff: secondary skin lesion
scaling
dandruff: Spanish
la caspa
dandruff: French
les pellicules
dandruff: Arabic
حَزَاز
scab: secondary skin lesion
crusting
scab: Spanish
la costra
scab: French
la croûte
scab: Arabic
جُلْبَة
atopic dermatitis: secondary skin lesion
lichenification
ring shaped: descriptive dermatological term
annular
partial rings: descriptive dermatological term
arcuate
irregular or geographic pattern not related to underlying anatomy: descriptive dermatological term
bizzarre
circular: descriptive dermatological term
circinate
lesions run togethor: descriptive dermatological term
confluent
disc shaped without central clearing: descriptive dermatological term
discoid
lesions remain seperate: descriptive dermatological term
discrete
inflammation with tendency to vesiculate and crust: descriptive dermatological term
eczematoid
widespread: descriptive dermatological term
generalized
lesions clustered together: descriptive dermatological term
grouped
bulls eye lesion: descriptive dermatological term
iris
horny thickening: descriptive dermatological term
keratotic
in lines: descriptive dermatological term
linear
more than one shape: descriptive dermatological term
multiform
papules or plauqes associated with scaling: descriptive dermatological term
papulosquamous
lacelike network: descriptive dermatological term
reticulated
snakelike, creeping: descriptive dermatological term
serpiginous
relatively permenent dilation of superficial blood vessels: descriptive dermatological term
telangiectatic
entire body involved: descriptive dermatological term
universal
linear arrangement along a nerve distribution: descriptive dermatological term
zosteriform
ringworm: descriptive dermatological term
annular
syphilis: descriptive dermatological term
arcuate
syphilis: Spanish
la sífilis
syphilis: French
la syphilis
syphilis: Arabic
زُهْرِيّ
factitial dermatitis: descriptive dermatological term
bizzarre
childhood exanthems: descriptive dermatological term
confluent
lupus erythematosus: descriptive dermatological term
discoid
eczema: descriptive dermatological term
eczematoid
eczema: Spanish
el eczema
eczema: French
l'eczéma
eczema: Arabic
أَكْزِيمَا
herpes simplex: descriptive dermatological term
grouped
erythema multimurme: descriptive dermatological term
iris, multiform
psoriasis: descriptive dermatological term
keratotic, papulosquamous
poison ivy dermatitis: descriptive dermatological term
linear
oral lichen planus: descriptive dermatological term
reticulated
cutaneous larva migrans: descriptive dermatological term
serpiginous
osler-weber-rendu disease: descriptive dermatological term
telangiectatic
alopecia universalis: descriptive dermatological term
universal
herpes zoster: descriptive dermatological term
zosteriform
acne vulgaris: distribution
head and neck
atopic dermatitis: distribution
elbows, knees, groin
photosensitive eruptions: distribution
exposed skin
pityriasis rosea: distribution
trunk (one-piece)
psoriasis: distribution
knees, elbows, fingers, intergluteal cleft
seborrheic dermatitis: distribution
face, intermammary sulcus
maculopapular diseases: dull red
psoriasis
maculopapular diseases: pinkish yellow
pityriasis rosea and seborrheic dermatitits
maculopapular diseases: redish brown
tinea versicolor
maculopapular diseases: violaceous
lichen planus
maculopapular diseases: commonly with facial lesions
seborrheic dermatitis
maculopapular diseases: with oral lesions
lichen planus
maculopapular diseases: with nail lesions
psoriasis
maculopapular diseases: abundant scale
psoriasis
maculopapular diseases: fine, adherent scale
pityriasis rosea
maculopapular diseases: fine scale (non adherent)
tinea versicolor
maculopapular diseases: greasy scale
seborrheic dermatitis
maculopapular diseases: shiny, adherent scale
lichen planus
eczematous disease: acute, localized to specific area
contact dermatitis
eczematous disease: history in patient or family member of asthma, hay fever, or eczema
atopic dermatitis
eczematous disease: chronic, in same areas, associated with anxiety
neurodermatitis
eczematous disease: varicosities, past history of thrombophlebitis or cellulitis
stasis dermatitis
eczematous disease: eyelids, groin, flexural areas
atopic dermatitis
eczematous disease: head, lower legs, arms
neurodermatitis
eczematous disease: lower legs
stasis dermatitis
vesiculobullous disease: 40-60yrs
pemphigus vulgaris
vesiculobullous disease: children and adults
dermatitis herpetiformis
vesiculobullous disease: infants and children
epidermolysis bullosa
vesiculobullous disease: 60-70 yr
bullous pemphigoid
vesiculobullous disease: oral mucosa initial site
pemphigus vulgaris
vesiculobullous disease: scalp, trunk initial site
dermatitis herpetiformis
vesiculobullous disease: extremities initial site
epidermolysis bullosa
vesiculobullous disease:
bullous pemphigoid
vesiculobullous disease: normal skin at margins
pemphigus vulgaris, bullous pemphigous
vesiculobullous disease: erythematous base
dermatitis herpetiformis
vesiculobullous disease: bullae produced by trauma
epidermolysis bullosa
pemphigous vulgaris: groupings
no
pemphigous vulgaris: weight loss
oh yeah
pemphigous vulgaris: duration
1 or more years
pemphigous vulgaris: pruritus
no
pemphigous vulgaris: oral pain
yeah
pemphigous vulgaris: palms/soles involved
no
pemphigous vulgaris: typical lesion
flaccid bullae
dermatitis herpetiformis: groupings
yes
dermatitis herpetiformis: weight loss
no
dermatitis herpetiformis: duration
several years
dermatitis herpetiformis: pruritus
yeah
dermatitis herpetiformis: oral pain
no
dermatitis herpetiformis: palms/soles involved
no
dermatitis herpetiformis: typical lesion
grouped vesicles
epidermolysis bullosa: groupings
occasionally
epidermolysis bullosa: weight loss
no
epidermolysis bullosa: duration
normal lifetime
epidermolysis bullosa: pruritus
no
epidermolysis bullosa: oral pain
somtimes
epidermolysis bullosa: palms/soles involved
yes
epidermolysis bullosa: typical lesion
flaccid vesicles
bullous pemphigoid: groupings
no
bullous pemphigoid: weight loss
minimal
bullous pemphigoid: duration
months to years
bullous pemphigoid: pruritus
sometimes
bullous pemphigoid: oral pain
somtimes
bullous pemphigoid: palms/soles involved
yes
bullous pemphigoid: typical lesion
tense bullae
benign tumour ddx: skin colored
warts; cysts; keloids; nevi
benign tumour ddx: pink or red
hemangioma; keloids
benign tumour ddx: brown
seborrheic keratosis; nevi; lentigines; dermatofibromas
benign tumour ddx: tannish-yellow
xanthomata; xanthelasma; warts keloids
benign tumour ddx: dark blue or black
seborrheic keratoses; hemangiomas; blue nevi; dermatofibromas
chickenpox: onset of symptoms
begin with rash
chickenpox: rash distribution
evenly distributed over body
chickenpox: rash on palms and soles
almost never
chickenpox: development into other lesions
rapidly develop into vesicles (24 hours)
chickenpox: time frame of lesions
new lesions form and scab at different times
chickenpox: texture of lesions
pruritic, relatively soft
smallpox: onset of symptoms
begin 2-4 days before rash
smallpox: rash distribution
more dense on face head arms and legs (centrifigul distribtion)
smallpox: rash on palms and soles
common
smallpox: development into other lesions
slowly into pustules (7-14 days)
smallpox: time frame of lesions
lesions forma dn go thru stages at same time
smallpox: texture of lesions
painful and hard
smallpox: Spanish
la viruela
smallpox: French
la variole
smallpox: Arabic
جُدَرِيّ