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73 Cards in this Set

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Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, or circular, begins in center and spreads to periphery.
annular
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions:
___, lesions run together.
confluent
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, distinct, individual lesions that remain seperate.
discrete
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, clusters of lesions.
grouped
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, twisted, coiled spiral, snakelike.
gyrate
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, or iris, resembles iris of eye, concentric rings of color in the lesions.
target
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, annular lesions grow together.
polycyclic
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, liner arrangement along a nerve route.
zosteriform
Primary Skin Lesions: Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1 cm.
macule
Primary Skin Lesions:
Something you can feel, i.e., solid, elevated, circumscribed, less than 1 cm. diameter, due to superficial thickening in the epidermis.
papule
Primary Skin Lesions:
Macules that are larger than 1 cm.
patch
Primary Skin Lesions: Papules coalesce to form surface elevation wider than 1 cm. A plateulike, disk-shaped lesion.
plaque
Primary Skin Lesions: Solid, elevated, hard or soft, larger than 1 cm. May extend deeper into dermis than papule.
nodule
Primary Skin Lesions: Superficial, raised, transient, and erythematous; slightly irregular shape due to edema (fluid held diffusely in the tissues).
wheal
Primary Skin Lesions: Encapsulated fluid-filled cavity in the dermis or subcutaneous layer, tensely elevating skin.
cyst
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, or circular, begins in center and spreads to periphery.
annular
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions:
___, lesions run together.
confluent
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, distinct, individual lesions that remain seperate.
discrete
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, clusters of lesions.
grouped
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, twisted, coiled spiral, snakelike.
gyrate
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, or iris, resembles iris of eye, concentric rings of color in the lesions.
target
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, annular lesions grow together.
polycyclic
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, liner arrangement along a nerve route.
zosteriform
Primary Skin Lesions: Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1 cm.
macule
Primary Skin Lesions:
Something you can feel, i.e., solid, elevated, circumscribed, less than 1 cm. diameter, due to superficial thickening in the epidermis.
papule
Primary Skin Lesions:
Macules that are larger than 1 cm.
patch
Primary Skin Lesions: Papules coalesce to form surface elevation wider than 1 cm. A plateulike, disk-shaped lesion.
plaque
Primary Skin Lesions: Solid, elevated, hard or soft, larger than 1 cm. May extend deeper into dermis than papule.
nodule
Primary Skin Lesions: Superficial, raised, transient, and erythematous; slightly irregular shape due to edema (fluid held diffusely in the tissues).
wheal
Primary Skin Lesions: Encapsulated fluid-filled cavity in the dermis or subcutaneous layer, tensely elevating skin.
cyst
Primary Skin Lesions: Elevated cavity containing free fluid, up to 1 cm. Clear serum flows if wall is ruptured.
vesicle
Primary Skin Lesions: Turbid fluid (pus)in the cavity. Circumscribed and elevated.
pustule
Freckles are an example of what primary skin lesion?
macule
An elevated nevus is commonly known as a ___.
mole
A wart or elevated nevus is an example of what primary skin lesion?
papule
A mosquito bite or an allergic reaction is an example of what primary skin lesion?
wheal
Acne is example of what primary skin lesion?
pustule
Chickenpox is example of what primary skin lesion?
vesicle
Vascular lesions: A large, flat macular patch covering the scalp or face, frequently along the distribution of cranial nerve V. The color is dark red, bluish, or purplish.
Port-Wine Stain (Nevus Flammeus)
Vascular lesions: A raised bright red area with well-defined borders about 2 to 3 cm in diameter.
Strawberry Mark (Immature Hemangioma)
Vascular lesions: A reddish-blue, irregularly shaped, solid and spongy mass of blood vessels.
cavernous hamangioma (mature)
Vascular lesions: A fiery red, star-shaped marking with solid circular center. Capillary radiations extend from the central arterial body.
spider or star angioma
Vascular lesions: A blue-purple dilatation of venules and capillaries in a star-shaped, linear, or flaring pattern.
venous lake
Vascular lesions:
Tiny punctate hemorrhages, less than 2 mm, round and discrete, dark red, purple, or brown in color.
petechiae
Vascular lesions: Confluent and extensive patch of petechiae and ecchymoses, flat macular hemorrhage.
purpura
What does an abnormal capillary refill indicate?
1) cardiovascular dysfunction
2)respiratory dysfunction
What does clubbing indicate?
1)congenital chronic cyanotic heart disease
2)emphysema
3)chronic bronchitis
Enlargement of the lymph nodes due to infection, allergy, or neoplasm is known as?
lympadenopathy
___ is a deformity of the neck where the head is tilted toward one side and limited neck ROM to the opposite side.
torticollis (wryneck)
Obstruction of drainage of cerebrospinal fluid results in excessive accumulation, increasing intracranial pressure, and enlargement of the head is called?
hydrocephalus
Excessive secretion of growth hormone from the piturary, after puberty, creates an enlarged skull and thickened cranial bones is called?
acromegaly
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, or circular, begins in center and spreads to periphery.
annular
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions:
___, lesions run together.
confluent
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, distinct, individual lesions that remain seperate.
discrete
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, clusters of lesions.
grouped
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, twisted, coiled spiral, snakelike.
gyrate
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, or iris, resembles iris of eye, concentric rings of color in the lesions.
target
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, annular lesions grow together.
polycyclic
Common Shapes and Configurations of Lesions: ___, liner arrangement along a nerve route.
zosteriform
Primary Skin Lesions: Solely a color change, flat and circumscribed, of less than 1 cm.
macule
Primary Skin Lesions:
Something you can feel, i.e., solid, elevated, circumscribed, less than 1 cm. diameter, due to superficial thickening in the epidermis.
papule
Primary Skin Lesions:
Macules that are larger than 1 cm.
patch
Primary Skin Lesions: Papules coalesce to form surface elevation wider than 1 cm. A plateulike, disk-shaped lesion.
plaque
Primary Skin Lesions: Solid, elevated, hard or soft, larger than 1 cm. May extend deeper into dermis than papule.
nodule
Primary Skin Lesions: Superficial, raised, transient, and erythematous; slightly irregular shape due to edema (fluid held diffusely in the tissues).
wheal
Primary Skin Lesions: Encapsulated fluid-filled cavity in the dermis or subcutaneous layer, tensely elevating skin.
cyst
___ is perception of two images of a single object.
diplopia
___ occurs with disease of the semicircular canals in the ears, a paretic eye muscle, multiple sclerosis, or brain lesions.
nystagmus
___ is a deviation in the anteroposterior axis of the eye.
strabismus
Even yellowing of the sclera extending up to the cornea, indicating jaundice is called?
scleral icterus
___ is ringing, crackling, or buzzing of the ears.
tinnitis
___ is the feeling that the room is spinning around.
vertigo
___ is the resulting skin level depressed with loss of tissue; a thinning of the epidermis.
atrophic scar