Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Do humans have the largest brains?
No. Elephants brains are 13 # and Whales brains are 19#.
increase in size and wrinkling of the cortex
Pet scan
records the amount of glucose (sugar) used by brain cells
True or false? Brighter subjects use more energy than poor performers do?
Central Hemispheres
two sides or half-globes of cortex
corpus collosum
thick band of fibers connecting the two hemispheres of the brain
What is the cause of a stroke?
brain tissue becomes blocked causing some brain tissue to die
what is spacial neglect and how does it affect the patient?
damage to the right hemisphere which causes patients to pay no attention to the left side of visual space. For example a patient will not eat food on the left side of a plate.
split-brain operation
corpus collusum is cut to control severe epilepsy (two brains in one body)
What is he left brain used for?
analysis and processing information sequentially
What is the right brain used for?
processes information simultaneously and holistically (all at once)
Occipital Lobes
primary visual area of the cortex located at the back of the brain
Parietal Lobes
Located just above the occipital lobes. Touch, temperature, pressure, and other somatic sensations flow into the somatosensory area on the parietal lobes.
Temporal Lobes
Areas that include the site hearing registers in the brain
Frontal Lobes
A brain area associated with movement, the sense of smell, and higher mental functions.
Association Cortex
Combine and process information from the senses. Help you recognize it and name it. Contributes to higher mental abilites.
a speech disturbance resulting in brain damage
Broca's area
A language area related to grammar and pronunciation
Wernick's area
A brain area related to language comprehension
Parietal Lobes
Area of the brain where bodily sensations register
All brain structures below the cerebral cortex
The lowest portions of the brain, including the cerebellum, medulla, pons, and reticular formation.
The structure that connects the brain with the spinal cord and controls vitallife functions.
An area on the brainstem that acts as a bridge betwen the medulla and other structures
A brains structure that controls posture and coordination
Reticular formation
A netowrk within the medulla and brainstem, associated with attention, alertness, and some reflexes.
Recticular activating system (RAS)
A part of the reticular formation that activates the cerebral cortex
A small area of the brain that regulates emotional behaviors and motives
Limbic system
A system in the forebrain that is closely linked with emotional response
A part of the limbic system associated with fear responses