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138 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
dry hacking cough: possible causes
viral infection; interstitial lung disease; tumor; allergies; anxiety
chronic, productive cough: possible causes
bronchiectasis; chronic bronchitis; abscess; bacterial pneumonia; tuberculosis
wheezing cough: possible causes
bronchospasm; asthma; allergies; congestive heart failure
barking cough: possible causes
epiglottal disease (eg croup)
stridor: possible causes
tracheal obstruction
morning cough: possible causes
smoking
nocturnal cough: possible causes
postnasal drip; CHF
cough associated with eating or drinking: possible causes
neuromuscular disease of upper esophagus
inadequate cough: possible causes
debility, weakness
mucoid sputum: possible causes
asthma; tumors; TB; emphysema; pneumonia
mucopurulent sputum: possible causes
asthma; tumors; TB; emphysema; pneumonia
yellow green; purulent sputum: possible causes
bronciectasis; chronic bronchitis
rust colored; purulent sputum: possible causes
pneumococcal pneumonia
red currant jelly sputum: possible causes
klebsiella pneumoniae
foul odor sputum: possible causes
lung abscess
pink, blood tinged sputum: possible causes
streptococcal or staphylococcal pneumonia
gravel sputum: possible causes
broncholithiasis
pink, frothy sputum: possible causes
pulmonary edema
profuse, colorless (aka bronchorrhea) sputum: possible causes
alveolar cell carcinoma
bloody sputum: possible causes
pulmonary emboli; bronchiectasis; abscess; TB; tumor; cardiac causes; bleeding disorders
pneumonia: changes in tactile fremitus
increased
pneumonia: Spanish
la pulmonía
pneumonia: French
la pneumonie
pneumonia: Chinese
肺炎(fèiyán)
pneumothorax: changes in tactile fremitus
unilateral decrease
pleural effusion: changes in tactile fremitus
unilateral decrease
bronchial obstruction: changes in tactile fremitus
unilateral decrease
atelectasis: changes in tactile fremitus
unilateral decrease
COPD: changes in tactile fremitus
bilateral decrease
chest wall thickening: changes in tactile fremitus
bilateral decrease
inspiration to experation ratio: tracheal breath sounds
1:01
inspiration to experation ratio: bronchial breath sounds
1:03
inspiration to experation ratio: bronchovesicular breath sounds
1:01
inspiration to experation ratio: vesicular breath sounds
3:01
normal locations of auscultation: tracheal breath sounds
extrathoracic trachea
normal locations of auscultation: bronchial breath sounds
manubrium
normal locations of auscultation: bronchovesicular breath sounds
over mainstem bronchi
normal locations of auscultation: vesicular breath sounds
most of peripheral lung
CHF: timing of inspiratory crackles
early (very common) and late (common)
Obstructive lung disease: timing of inspiratory crackles
early (very common) and late (common)
interstitial fibrosis: timing of inspiratory crackles
late
pneumonia: timing of inspiratory crackles
late
pneumonia: Spanish
la pulmonía
pneumonia: French
la pneumonie
pneumonia: Chinese
肺炎(fèiyán)
bronchitis: associated adventitial sounds
crackle; rhonchus
bronchitis: Spanish
la bronquitis
bronchitis: French
la bronchite
bronchitis: Chinese
支气管炎(zhīqìguǎnyán)
respiratory infections: associated adventitial sounds
crackle (pneumonia also pleural rub)
pulmonary edema: associated adventitial sounds
crackle, wheeze
atelectasis: associated adventitial sounds
crackle
fibrosis: associated adventitial sounds
crackle
CHF: associated adventitial sounds
crackle; wheeze
asthma: associated adventitial sounds
wheeze
asthma: Spanish
el asma
asthma: French
l'asthme
asthma: Arabic
رَبْو
asthma: Chinese
气喘[氣-] qìchuǎn
pulmonary infarction: associated adventitial sounds
pleural rub
asthma: nature of dyspnea
episodic; symptom free between attacks
asthma: sx in addition to dyspnea
wheezing; chest pain, productive cough
asthma: Spanish
el asma
asthma: French
l'asthme
asthma: Arabic
رَبْو
asthma: Chinese
气喘[氣-] qìchuǎn
pulmonary edema: nature of dyspnea
abrupt
pulmonary edema: sx in addition to dyspnea
tachypnea, cough, orthopnea, paroxysmal nocturnal dsypnea with chroic state
pulmonary fibrosis: nature of dyspnea
progressive
pulmonary fibrosis: sx in addition to dyspnea
tachypnea, dry cough
pneumothorax: nature of dyspnea
sudden, moderate to severe
pneumothorax: sx in addition to dyspnea
sudden pleuritic pain
emphysema: nature of dyspnea
insidious onset, severe
emphysema: sx in addition to dyspnea
cough as disease progresses
chronic bronchitis: nature of dyspnea
as disease progresses and with infection
chronic bronchitis: sx in addition to dyspnea
chronic productive cough
obesity: nature of dyspnea
exertional
obesity: Spanish
la obesidad
obesity: French
l'obésité
obesity: Arabic
سِمْنَة
obesity: Chinese
肥胖病(féipàngbìng)
asthma: vital signs
tachypnea; tachycardia
asthma: inspection
dyspnea; use of accessory muscles; possible cyanosis; hyperinflation
asthma: palpation
often normal; decreased fremitus
asthma: percussion
often normal; hyperresonant; low diaphragm
asthma: auscultation
prolonged expiration; wheezes; decreased lung sounds
asthma: Spanish
el asma
asthma: French
l'asthme
asthma: Arabic
رَبْو
asthma: Chinese
气喘[氣-] qìchuǎn
emphysema: vital signs
stable
emphysema: inspection
increased anteroposterior diameter; use of accessory muscles; thin individual
emphysema: palpation
decreased tactile fremitus
emphysema: percussion
increased resonance; decreased excursion of diaphragm
emphysema: auscultation
decreased lung sounds; decreased vocal fremitus
chronic bronchitis: vital signs
tachycardia
chronic bronchitis: inspection
possible cyanosis; short stocky individual
chronic bronchitis: palpation
often normal
chronic bronchitis: percussion
often normal
chronic bronchitis: auscultation
early crackles; ronchi
pneumonia: vital signs
tachycardia; fever; tachypnea
pneumonia: inspection
possible cyanosis; possible splinting on affected side
pneumonia: palpation
increased tactile fremitus
pneumonia: percussion
dull
pneumonia: auscultation
late crackles; bronchial breath sounds
pneumonia: Spanish
la pulmonía
pneumonia: French
la pneumonie
pneumonia: Chinese
肺炎(fèiyán)
pulmonary embolism: vital signs
tachycardia; tachypnea
pulmonary embolism: inspection
often normal
pulmonary embolism: palpation
usually normal
pulmonary embolism: percussion
usually normal
pulmonary embolism: auscultation
usually normal
pulmonary edema: vital signs
tachycardia; tachypnea
pulmonary edema: inspection
posible signs of elevated right heart pressures (elevated jugular venous distension, pedal edema, hepatomegaly)
pulmonary edema: palpation
often normal
pulmonary edema: percussion
often normal
pulmonary edema: auscultation
early crackles; wheezes
pneumothorax: vital signs
tachypnea; tachycardia
pneumothorax: inspection
often normal; lag on affected side
pneumothorax: palpation
absent fremitus; trachea may be shifted to unaffected side
pneumothorax: percussion
hyperresonant
pneumothorax: auscultation
absent breath sounds
pleural effusion: vital signs
tachypnea; tachycardia
pleural effusion: inspection
often normal; lag on affected side
pleural effusion: palpation
decreased fremitus; trachea shifted away from affected side
pleural effusion: percussion
dullness
pleural effusion: auscultation
absent breath sounds
atelectasis: vital signs
tachypnea
atelectasis: inspection
often normal; lag on affected side
atelectasis: palpation
decreased fremitus; trachea shifted towards affected side
atelectasis: percussion
dullness
atelectasis: auscultation
absent breath sounds
acute respiratory distress dyndrome: vital signs
tachycardia; tachypnea
acute respiratory distress dyndrome: inspection
use of accessory muscles; cyanosis
acute respiratory distress dyndrome: palpation
usually normal
acute respiratory distress dyndrome: percussion
often normal
acute respiratory distress dyndrome: auscultation
normal initially; crackles and decreased lungs sounds later