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17 Cards in this Set

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Epidermis
Superficial layer of the skin; composed mostly of squamous epithelial cells (See Cellular Review Card Set)
The ____ layer of the skin
Stratum corneum
outermost layer of the skin; cells made in the stratum basale are pushed up into the Stratum corneum as newer cells are produced. the outmost layers of the Stratum corneum are dead cells
_____most layer of the skin. Last layer as made of ____ cells
Keratin
a protein found in the stratum corneum that makes this layer tough and impenetrable
this ____ helps make the skin tough and impenetrable
Stratum basale
innermost layer of the Epidermis where skin (squamous epithelial) cells are produced.
This is where skin or _________ cells are made it is the __________ layer of the Epidermis
Melanin
a dark pigment in the skin and hair that is produced by melanocytes found in the Stratum basale; protects against UV rays
has with skin color. It also protect against_______
Dermis
The Lay below the Epidermis of the skin; composed of connective tissues, blood vessels, glands, muscle tissue, Muscle tissue, nerve endings and hair follicles
the Lay _____ the Epidermis, contains _____ and _____tissues, _____ vessels,_________, ________ ________, and hair follicles
Arrecto pilli
the muscle attached at the root of the hair; contracts whn the person is scared or when the skin is chilled to generate heat; also responsilbe for "goose bumps"
causes "goose bumps"
Nerve endings
general sensory receptors for pressure, temprature and pain.
sensory receptors for ????
Subcutaneous layer (Superficial Fascia, hypodermis)
the last layer of the intergument; composed mostly of connetive tissues (adipose tissue) blood vessles.
the ______ layer of the intergument. mposed mostly of ________ tissues
Sebaceous glands
glands located along the shaft of the hair that secrete sebum oil which disperses along the shaft of the hair and skin. This oil keeps the stratum corneum supple and waterproof.
serves to keep skin supple and waterpoof
Sudoriferous glands
produces and secretes perspiration (sweat). Sweat removes some wastes and also helps cool the body
commmonly called ______ glands
Eccrine glands
most numerous type of sweat gland; found throughtout the body particulary on the back, forehead, hands and feet
most _____ type of sweat gland;
found throughtout the body particulary on the back, ______, _____ and feet
apocrine gland
large sweat glands in pubic and axillary regions; more viscous and odoriferous secetions; become a active at puberty
these larger sweat glands are located ______ and _______ regions.
Mammary glands
Specialized sudoriferous glands in the breast that secrete milk
Does a body good
Ceruminous glands
specialized secretory glands in the external ear canal that secrete cerumen (earwax)
You can't make candles out of this wax
Toenails and fingernails
a hardened layer of the stratum corneum.
these are the harden layer of the outermost layer of the skin.
Functions of the intergumentary system
Protection aginst dehydration and forgein organisms
Cutaneous absorption of UV rays, oxygen and carbon
Temperature regulation through sweat and blood flow
sensory reception skin responds to pain, touch, pressure and temperature
Protection, absorption, Temperature, sensory