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94 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pertaining to chest
thoracic
pertaining to a muscle band
myofascial
condition or process of joint disease
arthropathy
breaking down or dissolution of vertebra
spondylolysis
abnormal reduction of bone
osteopenia
condition of without cartilage formation
achondroplasia
bone pain
ostealgia
inflammation of many muscles
polymyositis
tumor of the smooth muscle flesh
leiomyosarcoma
bone marrow or spinal cord cell
myelocyte
pertaining to rib / vertebra
costovertebral
pertaining to muscle / tendon
musculotendinous
condition of straight, normal, or correct
orthosis
surgical repair or reconstruction of humpback
kyphoplasty
excision of skull
craniectomy
binding joint
arthrodesis
muscle fiber pain
fibromyalgia
rod-shaped or striated muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma
pertaining to sternum (breastbone) / rib
sternocostal
pertaining to within joint
intra-articular
condition of digits together
syndactylism
pain in loin
lumbodynia
pertaining to neck / arm
cervicobrachial
process of examination of joint
arthroscopy
condition or increase of bent
lordosis
pertaining to between the ribs
intercostal
joint pain
arthralgia
incision in a muscle
myotomy
binding together of vertebrae
spondylosyndesis
smooth muscle tumor
leiomyoma
softening of bone
osteomalacia
slipping of a vertebra
spondylolisthesis
x-ray of a joint
arthrograph
incision into bone
osteotomy
inflammation of the ends of the long bones
epiphysitis
pertaining to the neck
cervical
dead bone tissue
bony necrosis
tumor of cartilage
chondroma
puncture for aspiration of a joint
arthrocentesis
repair or reconstruction of bone
osteoplasty
cartilage
chondr/o
vertebra
spondyl/o
bone marrow
myel/o
neck
cervic/o
joint
arthr/o
chest
thorac/o
muscle
my/o
rib
cost/o
lateral curvature of the spine
scoliosis
bone tumor
osteoma
grating sound made by movement of broken bones
crepitation
synonym for bony necrosis
sequestrum
plane that divides the body into right and left portions
sagittal
application of a pulling force to a fractured or dislocated joint to maintain proper position during healing
traction
arthritis caused by hyperuricemia
gout or gouty arthritis
a partial dislocation
subluxation
toward the beginning of a structure
proximal
osteomalacia in children
rickets
physician specializing in x-ray technology
radiologist
shrinking of muscle size
atrophy
rhythmic muscle movement
tremor
involuntary muscle contraction
spasm
stiff muscle
rigidity
uncontrolled, stiff, and awkward muscle contractions
spastic
increase in the size of a muscle
hypertrophy
flabby muscle
flaccid
prolonged, continuous muscle contraction
tetany
x-ray of a joint
arthrogram
procedure using an arthroscope to examine, diagnose, and repair a joint from within
arthroscopy
skeletal (striated) muscle tumor
rhabdomyoma
malignant skeletal muscle tumor
rhabdomyosarcoma
most common form of arthritis that especially affects weight-bearing joints characterized by the erosion of articular cartilage
osteoarthritis
most crippling form of arthritis characterized by chronic, systemic inflammation causing ankylosis and deformity
rheumatoid arthritis
disease marked by softening of the bone
osteomalacia
condition of decreased bone density and increased porosity
osteoporosis
use of an orthopedic appliance to maintain a bone's position or provide limb support
orthosis
an artificial replacement for a diseased or missing body part such as a hip, joint, or limb
prosthesis
external manipulation of a fracture to regain alignment along with application of an external device to protect and hold the bone in place
closed reduction, external fixation of a fracture
internal surgical repair of a fracture by bringing bones back into alignment and fixing them into place
open reduction, internal fixation of a fracture
stiff joint condition
ankylosis
stiff, immobile condition of vertebrae
spondylosis
smooth muscle tumor
leiomyoma
malignant smooth muscle tumor
leiomyosarcoma
abnormal anterior curvature of the lumbar spine (sway-back condition)
lordosis
abnormal posterior curvature of the thoracic spine (humpback condition)
kyphosis
diagnostic term describing a forward slipping of a lumbar vertebra
spondylolisthesis
operative (surgical) term for spinal fusion
spondylosyndesis
normal standing
erect
horizontal recumbent (on the spine)
supine
lying down, especially in bed
decubitus
face down and flat
prone
condition of humpback
kyphosis
a fibrous sac between certain tendons and bones lined with synovial membrane
bursa
degeneration of muscle
dystrophy