Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/63

Click to flip

63 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
glucose chemical formula
C6 H12 O6
photosynthetic organisms: (3)
plants, protists (single celled algae), cyanobacteria
4 things plants need to photosynthesize
sunlight, CO2lig carbon dioxide, H2O water, chlorophyll
_____ energy to ______energy
light to chemical
capture and store in...c___
chemical bonds of carbohydrates (glucose)
light is a form of....
energy
wavelengths
units energy is measured in
different colors of light carry with them different amounts of _______
energy
more energy= ______wavelenghts
shorter
photons are found in
wavelenghts
700 wavelength= ________, _______ energy
longer, less
400 wavelength= ______, ______ energy
shorter, more
plants use all wavelenghts of light except for _______, ________,_________.
green, yellow, blue
chlorophyll
green pigment found inside a chloroplast (thylakoids)
chlorophyll absorbs light, and reflects _________
green
living things run on ________ energy
chemical
chemical energy
stored in chemical bonds of molocules
energy released when chemical bonds of molocules are _______
broken
energy is used for
dna replication, cell division, active transport
take original source of energy, ___, and turns it into something we can use
sun
________ to _______ energy
solar; chemical
photosynthesis takes place in __________
chloroplasts
single "pancake"
thylakoid in chloroplast
pancake stack
granum in chloroplast
"cytoplasm" outside-ness
stroma in chloroplast
utilize light energy in chloroplasts because they have chlorophyll in them
thylakoids
light dependent reactions are located in the....
chloroplasts, in thylakoids (grana)
light dependent reactions require...(5)
light, water, chlorophyll, NADP+, ADP
light dependant produce...(3)
oxygen, ATP, NADPH2
Light+ H20+ ADP+ NADP+ chlorophyll====O2+ ATP+ NADPH2
Light Dependent
Light Independent location
stroma
light independent requires
ATP, NADPH, CO2
light independent produces
glucose (C6 H12 O6)
ATP and NADPH get ______ in through dependent and independent
recycled
electrons carry_______
energy
there are more hydrogen ions in the __________
thylakoid
ATP in real words
Adenosine Triple Phosphate
ATP synthesase puts another P on ADP by spinning it around. ______ causes it to spin
hydrogen molocules diffusing from high to low out into the stroma
Electron Transport keeps the density of hydrogen high in the thylakoid by....
attracting hydrogens and pulling them through
_____ already in the stroma attracts the hydrogen that diffuses out by atp synthesase
NADP, turning it into NADPH
chemical equation for photosynthesis (into part)
6 CO2 + 6 H2O...light and chlorophyll change...
chemical equation for photosynthessis (end part)
C6 H12 O6 + 6 02
respiration requires...
02
respiration produces...
CO2
respiration takes place in...
mitochondrion
3 steps of respiration
glycolosis, kreb's cycle, electron transport chain
glycosis does...
glucose to two pyruvic acid
Krebs Cycle does...
turn pyruvate into NADH, FADH2
glycosis takes place in the...
cytoplasm
krebs cycle takes place in the
mitochondria
electron transport chain
aerobic and anaerobic, NADH and FADH to 38 (36) or 2 ATPs per glucose
2 electron carriers
NADH, FADH2
anaerobic things ex...
bacteria
glucose to... in glycosis
2 pyruvic acids, 2 ATPs and 2 NADH leave
_____ and ____ take place in the inner membrane mitochondria
kreb cycle and electron transport chain
38-2 ATPs for...
active transport
cristae
folds of inner membrane in mitochondria
matrix
inside of mitochondria
_____ occurs in both anaerobic and aerobic
glycolisis
respiration point
to breakdown glucose and release energy (ATP)
aerobic:
Glucose to pyruvate, atp out, oxygen, carbon and water out
anaerobic: (3 final)
glucose to pyruvate: yeast, bateria, and muscle
3 fermantations in anaerobic respiration
lactic acid (muscle), acetic acid (vinegar from bacteria) and alcoholic (yeast)