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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Yellow, orange, and red pigments in a chloroplast
Carotenoid
Process of synthesizing sugars in photosynthesis
Calvin Cycle
Breakdown of a glucose molecule into two lactic acid molecules
lactic acid fermentation
fluid part of a chloroplast
Stroma
Describes a chemical reaction that requires energy
Endergonic
Range of colors making up white light
Visible spectrum
Change of light energy into chemical energy
light reactions
Distance between two successive wave crests
Wavelength
Processes taking place in the absence of oxygen
Anaerobic
Describes a chemical reaction that releases energy
Exergonic
breakdown of glucose into ethanol and carbon dioxide
Alcoholic fermentation
Stacks of thylakoid membranes in a chloroplast
Grana
Describes respiration requiring oxygen
Aerobic
Breaks down to release free enerrgy for cell activities
ATP
Produced when some wavelengths are absorbed by chlorophyll
Absorption spectrum
Organisms that use energy from sunlight or inorganic substances to make organic compounds
Autotrophs
organisms that get energy by consuming food
Heterotrophs
The process by which cells harvest energy from food
Cell respiration
A substance that absorbs light
Pigment
the primary pigment invoved in photosynthesis
Chlorophyl
Absorb wavelengths of light different from those absorbed by chlorophyll
carotenoids
the series of molecules down which excited electrons are passed in a thylakoid membrane
Electron transport chain
The transfer of carbon dioxide to organic compounds
Carbon dioxide fixation
a series of enzyme-assisted chemical reactions that produces a three-carbon sugar molecule
Calvin-Cycle
A process that requires oxygen
Aerobic
The process by which glucose is broken down to pyruvate
Glycolosis
A series of enzyme-assisted chemical reactions following glycolysis that produces carbon dioxide
Krebs Cycle
the recycling of NAD+ under anaerobic conditions
Fermentation
Disk-shaped structures inside chloroplast
Thylakoids
a process that does not require oxygen
Anarobic