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13 Cards in this Set

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Photosynthesis
A process used by plants to convert water, carbon dioxide, and sunlight into carbohydrates and oxygen.
Formula
The scientific expression of the chemical composition of a material.
Organisms
an individual living thing that carries on the activities of life by means of organs that have separate functions but are dependent on each other: a living person, plant, or animal.
Orgenelles
A cell structure that carries out a specialized function in the life of a cell.
Light Dependent Reaction
light is needed
Chlorophyll
the green pigment in plants that absorbs energy from sunlight necessary for photosynthesis.
Electron Transport Chain
Also known as the respiratory chain. It is composed of the mitochondrial enzymes that transfer electrons from one complex to another, eventually resulting in the formation of ATP.
ATP
adenosine triphosphate, a high energy molecule made up of adenosine and three phosphate groups
NADP
nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate: a coenzyme similar to NAD and present in most living cells but serves as a reductant in different metabolic processes
Stroma
the middle, thickest layer of tissue in the cornea.
Photolysis
A chemical reaction involving sunlight in which molecules are split into their constituent atoms
Light Independent Reaction
no light is needed.
Calvin Cycle
The second of the two major steps of photosynthesis. The cycle fixes CO2 and produces carbohydrates.