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18 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is ATP?
Adenosine triphosphate, a chief energy storing molecule used by organisms
What are autotrophs?
Organisms that make their own food from carbon dioxide and an energy source (such as sunlight)
What is a calorie?
the amount of heat energy needed to raise the temperature of 1 gram of water by 1 degree Celsius
What is the Calvin cycle?
the process that uses NADPH and ATP to construct carbohydrates from carbon dioxide, second stage of photosynthesis
What is cellular respiration?
the process by which food molecules are broken down to release energy
What is chlorophyll?
an important group of photosynthetic pigments in plants and algea
What are chloroplasts?
an organelle common in plants and algae that converts sunlight, carbon dioxide and water into sugars during photosynthesis, contains chlorophyll
What is electron transport?
the process by which energy is transferred from the electron carriers to ATP
What is fermentation?
the extraction of a small amount of energy from pyruvate in the absence of oxygen, transformed into either alcohol or lactate
What is glycolysis?
the process converting glucose to pyruvate, releases energy that can be stored as ATP
What are heterotrophs?
organisms that cannot make their own food
What is the Krebs cycle?
a series of oxidation reactions that break down pyruvate, second phase of aerobic respiration
What is photosynthesis?
the process by which autotrophs convert sun into energy
What is a pigment?
a molecule that absorbs certain wavelengths of light and reflects/transmits other wavelengths
What does glyco- or gluco- mean?
sweet, sugar
What does photo- or photic- mean?
What does phyllo- or phyll- mean?
What does -phyto or -phyte mean?