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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
  • 3rd side (hint)
bed→[bɛ]
simplification
Final consonant deletion
• usually single syllable words

• CVC
fish→[fɪ]
simplification
final consonant deletion
• usually single syllable words

• CVC
gorilla→[rɪlə]
simplification
weak syllable deletion
unstressed syllable deleted
polysyllabic words:
guitar, umbrella, away
away→[weɪ]
simplification
weak syllable deletion
unstressed syllable deleted
polysyllabic words:
guitar, umbrella, away
guitar→[tar]
simplification
weak syllable deletion
unstressed syllable deleted
polysyllabic words:
guitar, umbrella, away
tomato→[meɪdo]
simplification
weak syllable deletion
unstressed syllable deleted
polysyllabic words:
guitar, umbrella, away
turkey→[tɪtɪ]
simplification
reduplication
process also affects polysyllabic words
repeating a syllable
turkey→[toto]
simplifiaction
reduplication
process also affects polysyllabic words
repeating a syllable
turkey→[tʌtə]
simplification
reduplication
process also affects polysyllabic words
repeating a syllable
grandma→[mimi]
simplification
reduplication
repetition of syllable
consonants always same
usually vowel preserved-not always
usually initial consonant preserved-not always
street→[tit]
simplification
cluster reduction
initial cluster reduced 1 phoneme
CCCVC→CVC
CCVC→CVC
skate→[keɪt]
simplification
cluster reduction
initial cluster reduced 1 phoneme
CCCVC→CVC
CCVC→CVC
truck→[tʌk]
simplification
cluster reduction
initial cluster reduced 1 phoneme
CCCVC→CVC
CCVC→CVC
grow→[goʊ]
simplification
cluster reduction
initial cluster reduced 1 phoneme
CCCVC→CVC
CCVC→CVC
duck→[gʌk]
velar assimilation
sound becomes velar due to another sound in word
progressive & regressive
good→[gʌg]
velar assimilation
sound becomes velar due to another sound in word
progressive & regressive
sing→[kɪŋ]
velar assimilation
sound becomes velar due to another sound in word
progressive & regressive
pig→[kɪg]
velar assimilation
sound becomes velar due to another sound in word
progressive & regressive
meat→[mip]
labial assimilation
sound becomes labial due to influence of another labial
bag→[bæb]
labial assimilation
sound becomes labial due to influence of another labial
pan→[mæn]
nasal assimilation
sound becomes nasal due to influence another nasal
usually homorganic nasal
map→[mæm]
nasal assimilation
sound becomes nasal due to influence another nasal
usually homorganic nasal
tip→[pɪp]
labial assimilation
sound becomes labial influence of another labial sound in word
see→[ti]
substitution: stopping
continuant (usually fricative) replaced by stop or affricate.
voicing always preserved
usually homorganic stop
shoe→[tʃu]
substitution: stopping
continuant (usually fricative) replaced by stop or affricate.
voicing always preserved
usually homorganic stop
zoo→[du]
substitution: stopping
continuant (usually fricative) replaced by stop or affricate.
voicing always preserved
usually homorganic stop
fish→[pɪʃ]
substitution: stopping
continuant (usually fricative) replaced by stop or affricate.
voicing always preserved
usually homorganic stop
van→[bæn]
substitution: stopping
continuant (usually fricative) replaced by stop or affricate.
voicing always preserved
usually homorganic stop
pay→[beɪ]
assimilation
pre-vocalic voicing
voiceless consonant preceding vowel becomes voiced
chew→[dʒu]
assimilation
pre-vocalic voicing
voiceless consonant preceding vowel becomes voiced
shoe→[su]
substitution
fronting
anterior sound replaced by a + anterior sound produced more forward in mouth
key→[ti]
substitution
fronting
anterior sound replaced by a + anterior sound produced more forward in mouth
see→[θi]
substitution
fronting
anterior sound replaced by a + anterior sound produced more forward in mouth
kick→[tɪt]
substitution
fronting
anterior sound replaced by a + anterior sound produced more forward in mouth
read→[wid] [yid]
substitution
gliding liquids
liquids replaced by glides
lip→[wɪp]
substitution
gliding liquids
liquids replaced by glides
run→[wʌn]
substitution
gliding liquids
liquids replaced by glides
apple→[æpo]
substitution
vocalization
word final liquids or word final nasals replaced by vowels
better→[bɛdo]
substitution
vocalization
word final liquids or word final nasals replaced by vowels
mother→[mʌdo]
substitution
vocalization
word final liquids & word final nasals replaced by vowels
mitten→[mɪto]
substitution
vocalization
word final liquids & word final nasals replaced by vowels