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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
1. vowels are sounds produced without a restriction in the airstream. there are five letters that are often associated with vowel sounds: a, e, _____, _____, _____. also, yand w sometimes represent _____ sounds
i o u

vowel
2. letter-sound relationships for vowels closely follow the categories used for _____. thus, ther are single vowels as well as vowel clusters.
consonants
4. a long vowel sound is identical to the vowel names of the traditional vowel letters: a,e,i,o,u. thus, the vowel in the word mine represents the _____, or glided, vowel sound for i. In the word make, you hear a long, or glided, _____ sound.
long

a
5. long vowel sounds occur most frequently in two positions: 1 when a vowel occurs at the _____ of a word mor syllable and 2 when a vowel is followed by a consonant and the letter e at the end of a _____, the final e in this pattern is usually _____.
end

word

silent (a marker)
6. Each of the vowels also represent a short, or unglided, vowel sound. These _____ vowel sounds often learned along with a set of key words.
a as in apple
e as in egg
i as in ink
o as in octopus
u as in umbrella
short
short ________ sounds occr most frequently in a word of syllable that ends in a consonant or cluster such as hap-py, let, in, ot-ter, or fun.
vowerl
9. when a vowel is followed by r, the r influences the vowel sound. These are called ________-controlled vowel sounds. They are neither long nor short, but have a sound determined largely by the following r.
r
10. the letter y may function as a single consonant or a single ________
vowel
11. like consonants, vowels appear in clusters. vowel ________ consist of two or three vowel leters that often appear together, such as ou, ee, ai, oy. there are two types of vowel clusters: vowel digraphs and vowel blends
clusters
two vowels appearing together that represent a single ________ are called vowel ________.
phoneme

digraphs
vowel blends are a second type of vowel cluster. vowel blends are two vowel letters that appear together and represent a belnding of the sounds often associated with each letter like oi, oy, ou. In each letter, you can hear elements of each vowel ________ blended together. some people refer to vowel blends by the name ________
sound

diphthong
Examples of vowel ________ are: oil, boy, out and cow.
Examples of vowel ________ are: toe, pie, easy, play, grow, rain.
diphthongs

digraphs
Digraphs and diphthongs are two types of ________ clusters. Each is composed of ________ vowels. a digraph represents ________ sound. A diphthong represents a blend of ________ sounds within a single syllable.
vowel
two
one
two
19. A CVC pattern represents as vowel that appears in a word or syllable surrounded by two ________ such as the word hot.
A cv pattern represents a word or syllable in which the vowel appears at the ________ of a word, as in me.
consonants

end
in single syllable words, when there is ________ vowel in a word and the word ends in a ________, the vowel usually represents the ________ sound.
one
consonant
short
when the only vowel in a word is at the ________ of the word, the vowel is usually ________.
end

long
VCE:
When a word has two vowels, one of which is a final ________, separated from the first vowel by a consonant, the first vowel usually has a ________ sound and the e is usually ________.
e
long
silent
30. VV:
When there are two consecutive vowels in a word, the first one usually has a ________ vowel sound and the second one is usually ________ unless they are vowel diphthongs.
long
silent