Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/21

Click to flip

21 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Spelling-Meaning Connection
words that are related in meaning are often related in spellinga as well, despite changes in sound
Derivational Relations
where the word comes from, words that come from it
Constant Alteration
spelling of consonants remain the same in related words despite an alteration or change in the sound represented by the spelling
Vowel Alteration
spelling or the vowels remains the same in related words despite an alteration or change inthe sound represented by the spelling
Word Roots
elements from Greek and Latin that remain at the root or the core of the word after all prefixes and suffixes have been removed
Absorbed Prefixes
in- im-
Assimilated Prefixes
Latin in origin

ad- at-
Etymology
study of word origins
Morphemic Units
prefixes, suffixes, and base words
Inflectional Endings
When a suffix begginng with a vowel is added to a base word containing a short vowel followed by a singla consonant, double the final consonant
Open Syllables
long-vowel sound TIger
Closed Syllables
short-vowel sound TIGGer
Syllable Juncutre
long vowel=followed by a consonant
short vowel= double it
Ambigious Vowels
vowel patterns that are complicated...VCCV VCV VV
Homographs
words that are spelled the same but pronounced differenently

PREsent preSENT
Unaccented Syllable
the spelling of the vowel is not clealy long or short; commonly contains schwa
Schwa
'uh' sound
Derivational Affixes
prefixes and suffixes and where they came from
Base Words
the meaning of the word
Word Roots
part of the word that remains after all prefixes and suffixes have been removed
Spelling-Meaning Connection
words that are related in meaning are often related in spelling as well, despite change in sound