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56 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
i
High-Front
beat
I
High/Mid-Front
bit
e
Mid-Front
bait
Mid/Low-Front
bet
æ
Low-Front
bat
ə
Mid-Central
sofa
(unaccented)
most common vowel in English
ʌ
Mid/Low-Central
but
(accented)
aw
Dipthong
Low-Central
cow
ay
Dipthong
Low-Central
buy
ɔy
Dipthong
Mid/Low-Back
boy
u
High-Back
boot
ʊ
High/Mid-Back
foot
o
Mid-Back
boat
ɔ
Mid/Low-Back
long
ɑ
Low-Back
pot
p
voiceless bilabial stop
pill
b
voiced bilabial stop
bill
t
voicless alveolar stop
tip
d
voiced alveolar stop
dip
k
voiceless velar stop
kill
g
voiced velar stop
gill
f
voiceless labial-dental fricative
fill
v
voiced labial-dental fricative
villa
θ
Theta/Thorn
voiceless interdental fricative
thin
ð
Eth
voiced interdental fricative
then
s
voiceless alveolar fricative
silly
z
voiced alveolar fricative
zoo
ʃ š
voiceless alveopalatal fricative
shell
ʒ ž
voiced alveopalatal fricative
measure
tʃ č
voiceless alveopalatal affricate
dɛ ǰ
voiced alveopalatal affricate
jelly
m
voiced bilabial nasal
mill
n
voiced alveolar nasal
nill
ŋ
voiced velar nasal
singer
h
voiceless glottal fricative
hill
j y
voiced palatal approximant
yes
r ɹ
voiced alveolar liquid approximant
rent
l
voiced alveolar liquid approximant
lily
w
voiced labial-velar approximant
will
ʔ
voiceless glottal stop
7 stops
p, b, t, d, k, g, ʔ
9 fricatives
f, v, s, z, g, θ, ð, š(ʃ), ž(ʒ)
2 affricates
č, ǰ
3 nasals
m, n, ŋ
4 approximants (2 liquids)
w, y,
l, r = liquid
Phonetics
study of the sounds made in the production of human language
IPA
International Phonetic Alphabet
Parts of Upper Vocal Tract
lip, teeth, alveolar ridge, hard palate, soft palate (velum), uvula, pharnyx wall, larynx, nasal cavity
Parts of Lower Vocal Tract
Lip, Tounge (tip, blade, front, center, back, root), epiglotis, larynx
What's a Fricative
characterized by a forcing of air in a continuous stream through a narrow opening
What's a Stop
formed when air is built up in the vocal tract and suddenly released through the mouth
What's an Affricative
air is built up by a complete closure of the oral tract at some place of articulation, then released (like a stop), and continued (like a fricative)
What's an Obstruent
any Stop, Fricative, or Affricate
What's an Approximant
produced by two articulators approaching one another almost like fricatives, but not coming close enough to produce friction
What's a Nasal
produced by lowering the velum, allowing the stream of air to pass out through the nasal cavity instead of through the oral cavity
What's a Dipthong
vowel sound for which the tongue starts in one place in the mouth and glides to another