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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Voiced
vibrating vocal folds
Voiceless
vocal folds don't vibrate
Bilabial
uses both lips-- p, b, m
Labio-dental
teeth to lip-- v, f
Interdental
th, th
Alveolar
tip of tongue hits alveolar ridge: t, d, n, s, z, r, l
Post-alveolar
hard palate: sh, j, ch, dj
palatal
y (spelled as j)
Velar
back of throat: k, g, ng
Glottal
h
Stop
airflow stops for bried period: p,t,k,b,d,g,m,n,ng
Fricative
air squeezes through small space creating audible friction (hissing or buzzing): f,s,v,z
Affricate
j,w,r,l
Nasal
m, n, ng
Approximant
v, r
Liquid
l, r
glide
w, j(yode)
strident
noisiness
first formant
body of air behind tongue
second formant
body of air in front of tongue