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35 Cards in this Set

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Carbamazepine (Tegretol)


THERAPEUTIC DRUGS
Therapeutic Drugs/Mood Stabilizing drug in bipolar affective disorder

DRUG MONITORING
Diagoxin (Lanoxin)

Theophylline

THERAPEUTIC DRUGS
Heart Stimulant

Astma Medication

DRUG MONITORING
Dilantin (Phenytoin)


THERAPEUTIC DRUGS
Seizure Drug - Treatment of epilepsy

DRUG MONITORING
Gentamicin
Vancomycin
Tobramycin
THERAPEUTIC DRUGS
Broad Spectrum Antibiotic
Drawn in plain red top with no gel barrier. When a patient are on these drugs a Peak and Trough should be ordered.

DRUG MONITORING
Peak Levels


Trough Levels
Peak levels screen for drug toxicity. Draw 15-minutes after med is infused.

Draw six hours after last draw eo ensure that levels of the drug stay within therapeutic range.
Phenobarbitol (barbiturates)

Salicylates (aspirin)

THERAPEUTIC DRUGS
Anticonvulsant for seizures

Overdose/Evaluation of therapy

DRUG MONITORING
Blood group & Rh type (ABO & Rh)

Blood Type



Universal Donor
Universal Receiver

BLOOD BANK
Detection of ABO and Rh antigens on the red blood cells.
(A, B, AB, or O) and Rh

Blood type O
Blood type AB

BLOOD BANK
Type & Screen (T & S)



Antibody Screen

Type & Crossmatch (T & C)

BLOOD BANK
Detect atypical antibodies for prenatal screen or crossmatch

Identify atypical antibodies
Crossmatch

BLOOD BANK
PRBC (packed red blood cell)

PPH

BLOOD BANK
Should be type specific

Platelet pheresis

BLOOD BANK
FFP

BLOOD BANK
Fresh Frozen Plasm Type Spec.

BLOOD BANK
Cryoprecipitate

BLOOD BANK
Blood product manufactured by warming fresh frozen plasma.

BLOOD BANK
Rhogam Screening = Rh disease only occurs if a mother is Rh-negative and her baby is Rh-positive. For this situation to occur, the baby must inherit the Rh factor gene from the father. Most people are Rh-positive.

BLOOD BANK
Rh positive and pregnant should not have to be screened

BLOOD BANK
Fetal Screen

Kleihauer Betke Stain
Looking for maternal bleeding

Fetal Maternal Bleed The fetal-maternal erythrocyte distribution test is used to measure the number of fetal red blood cells in a pregnant woman´s blood
KLEIHAUER BETKE STAIN
Why Performed


Some red blood cells from the fetus are transferred into the mother´s bloodstream during a miscarriage, abortion, amniocentesis, or normal delivery. If a large number of red blood cells are transferred to an from an Rh-positive fetus to an Rh-negative mother, Rh sensitization may occur. If the mother is Rh negative and the fetus is Rh positive, the mother´s body may produce antibodies against the fetal cells, and this could harm her next child during pregnancy.

All Rh-negative pregnant women should be screened during their first prenatal visit, and subsequent visits as indicated by the health care provider. RhoGAM is a drug given to all Rh-negative mothers whenever there is a risk of maternal and fetal blood exchange during an Rh-positive pregnancy.

This test determines the amount of maternal-fetal blood exchange, and estimates the quantity of RhoGAM that should be administered. RhoGAM will attack the fetal cells in the maternal bloodstream and prevent maternal formation of anti-Rh antibodies that could endanger future pregnancies.


Normal Values


A normal value indicates that no or few fetal cells are present in the maternal blood. The standard dose of RhoGAM is sufficient in this case.


Abnormal Results


An increased fetal-maternal red blood cell ratio indicates a need for additional RhoGAM.


Disclaimer
COLD AGGLUTININ

BLOOD BANK
Cold agglutinin syndrome pneumonia

An antibody that attaches to red blood cells and causes them to clump together or agglutinate at temperatures below body temperature.
BUN (Blood urea nitrogen)

Creatin

KIDNEY
Kidney Function

Kidney Function

KIDNEY
ALT/SGPT

Alkaline phosphatase (Alk phos or ALP)

LIVER
Liver

Liver Function

LIVER
Amonia (NH4)Green or purple top in plastic vial using dry ice/sent to lab immediately

LIVER
Liver Function

LIVER
Aspirate transferase (AST)/SGOT

LIVER
Acute and Chronic liver disease

LIVER
Bilirubin, total and direct(Bili)

Wrap in foil to protect from light; refrigerate

LIVER
Bilirubin increased with types of jaundice (hepatic, hemolytic; hepatitis or cirrhosis)

LIVER
Gamma-glutamyl transpeptidase (GGTP)

LIVER
Assists in the diagnosis of liver problems

LIVER
Triglycerides

HEART
Increased values indicate lipid metabolism disorders

HEART
Alcohol (ETOH)

Use gray top tube if testing many hours later.

OTHER
Evaluate hepatic disease

OTHER
Lipase

OTHER
Used to distinguish between abdominal pain and that owing to acute pancreatitis

OTHER
Calcium

OTHER
Detect Bone cancer, nephritis

OTHER
Electrolytes

OTHER

What are the electrolytes
Fluid balance, heart failure, edema, cardiotoxicity

Na+, K+, C1, CO2, lytes
Glucose

Glycosylated Hemoglobin (Hgb A1c)

OTHER
dIABETES, HYPOGLYCEMIA

Diabetes, hypoglycemia
Human chorionic gonadotropin (HCG)

OTHER
Pregnancy Test
Prostatic specific antigen (PSA)
Quantitative=how much
Qualitative=Yes or NO

OTHER
Screen for prostate cancer, monitor the disease
Sweat electrolytes

OTHER
Cystic Fibrosis

OTHER
Thyroid profile (TSH)

Uric Acid

OTHER
Thyroid stimulating hormone

Gout

OTHER
Creatine kinase (CK)

HEART
Heart or muscle/Elevated values point to muscle damage, myocardial infarction, muscular dystrophy, or streneous exercise
Creatine kinase MB (CK-MB)

HEART
Rule out myocardial infarction
Troponin
Draw plain red top tube

HEART
Heart
Cholesterol

HDL (high density lipoprotein)

LDL (low density bad cholesterol)
Lipids

Lipids

Lipids