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15 Cards in this Set

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1. What does Socrates mean when he says he tells Euthyphro That he wants Euthyphro to say something about piety ‘which is found in whatever is pious’ and something about impiety’ ‘which is found in whatever is pious’ and something about impiety ‘which is fond in whatever is impious’?
To give Socrates the true essence of piety. Universal or general statements.
2. Why would a definition have to be a general statement?
It would have to apply to every case (particular).
3. T or F In the discussion of the 3rd definition of piety, Socrates makes it clear what the answer is to the question: “Is it pious because the gods love it or do they love it because it’s pious?” What is the answer? Why?
True, the gods love it because it’s pious. If it were pious because they love it, it would only be staying the same because of the love. In itself it stays the same.
4. One of the implications of the discussion of the third definition is that something is what it is, regardless of what the gods might want it to be. Why would they come to this apparently irreligious conclusion?
Because you have nothing to question and everything the gods like is subjective. Irreligious conclusion- everything would be subjective.
5. T or F if the being of piety is independent of the gods, is everything else independent of the gods as well?
6. Evidently, Socrates had been having private conversations regarding philosophy for some time. Why did he suddenly go public?
Because of the prophet. The oracle Adelphi said that there is no one wiser than him. Socrates tries to prove her wrong.
7. (See #6) Why did he tell this story at his trial?
He told the story at his trial because he used it as a way to show how charges were brought up.
8. When Plato is referring to the being of a thing, what word does he use?
9. In the Allegory of the Cave, Socrates says what some of the various things stand for. What things does he mention and what do they stand for?
Outside world is the intelligible world, inside the cave is the visible world, the sun is the idea of the good, and fire represents the physical sun.
10. Once he is found guilty in his trial, what does Socrates first propose as a punishment?
Free meals for life. Second is a small fine.
11. The text puts Hume next to Plato as his opposite regarding ‘universals’ and ‘Particulars’. What do the scholars call Hume’s position regarding ‘universals’? Why?
A nominalist because he thinks all universals are just names and they do not refer to anything real.
12. What do the scholars call Plato’s position regarding ‘universals’?
A realist
13. What word does Plato use when he refers to a ‘universal’?
14. If ‘universal’ is a stricter sense of the word ‘general’, who nails down this strictness and what does he pair it with that nails it down? (Hint: the who is Kant)
Kant- strictness of the word universal. It is universally true that every event has a cause than it is necessarily true.
15. What would Plato do with the way Hume uses the word ‘idea’? Where would he (Plato) put it on the Divided Line? Where would he put it in the Allegory of the Cave?
Idea is a particular- picture in your mind. Image of a particular. Plato would put it at the bottom of the Divided Line. And put it in the shadows of the Allegory of the Cave.