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52 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the love of wisdom
Philosophy
a wise fool
Sophomore
on to reality
Ontology / metaphysics
matter is all there is
materialist
ideas or nonmatter that is true unchanging reality
idealist
combination of materialism and idealism
dualism
investigates human knowledge
epistemology
use your senses to know
empiricist
use reason to know
rationalist
doubt whether you can know
skeptic
there is clear, absolute right and wrong
absolutist
right and wrong depends on circumstances
relativism
rule by many
democracy
rule by one
monarchy
rule by a few
oligarchy
everything is owned by the state
communism
investment made by private individuals
capitalism
distribution of property to community as a whole
Socialism
belief in a God who is greater and yet involved in the world
theist
God began world but is not involved
deist
not sure there is a God
agnostic
does not believe in any God
athiest
believes in many Gods
panthiest
philosophy of beauty or arts
aesthetics
study of people/humanity
anthropology
fate, or God knows and controls a person's future
determined
person can will and decide what they want and control own life
free will
story about historical event that explains a practice, belief, or phenomenon
myth
poet who first recorded the story of Greek gods
Homer
Author of the Iliad and the Odyssey
Homer
said the gods are physically like the people who serve and worship them
Xenophanes
controlled by fate, one has no free will to determine their life or future
fatalism
had to do with one substance
monism
believed in water, ice, steam
Thales
boudless
Anaximander
air
Anaximenes
dealt with numbers, math.
form = order, limit
music, medicine > harmony, balance
Pythagoras
believed in change - can't step 2 times in same river, fire
empericism
logos
Heraclitus
universal reason/law/Oneness
logos
senses can deceive us
change is confusion between appearance and reality
rationalism
Parmenides
had to do with more than one substance
Pluralists
order or intelligent force that provides order to matter
nous
thought and understanding is movement of atoms
soul = atoms disperse at death, no God, no eternal life
materialist
natural cause inherent by the thing itselfexistence determined by physical laws
Laws of Necessity
great orator, leader of Athens
encouranged debate and discussion
Pericles
rule by the people
Popular Democracy
experienced travelers and paid teachers of young men needing education
Sophists
"man is the measure of all things"
law is based on familiarity and custom
Protagarus
taught the art of deception
Gorgias
believed might is right
Thrasymachus
persuasive speech, saying things in a convincing manner
rhetoric
can't know the truth about the universe for sure
skepticism