Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/12

Click to flip

12 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Argument
When a person gives reasons for believing something, we say that the person is arguing. More precisely, an argument is a collection of statements of which it is intended that one, called the conclusion, is supported by others, called premises.
SOUND ARGUMENT
An argument that is valid and that has all true premises is called a sound argument.
VALID ARGUMENT
an argument can only be valid if (assuming the premises are true) there is no possibility, however remote or ridiculous, that the conclusion is false.
ANALYTICALLY TRUE
A statement is analytically true (or analytically false) if its truth (or falsity) can be determined by considering only definitions and the laws of logic
SYNTHETIC
Statements that are not analytic are said to be synthetic
STIPULATIVE DEFINITION
introducing a technical term such as work by explaining how the term will be used is giving a stipulative definition
DESCRIPTIVE DEFINITION
Descriptions of how words are conventionally used, as are typically found in dictionaries, are descriptive definitions.
MISOLOGY
The hate of arguments.
SCHOLASTICISM
Scholasticism, which was primarily the work of Saint Thomas Aquinas, was a broad synthesis of Christianity and Aristotelian philosophy.
NATURAL THEOLOGY
Those aspects of religion that were believed to be provable by reason alone, and so were not a matter of faith or revelation, were referred to as natural theology.
PRIMARY QUALITIES
Primary qualities are qualities that awaken in us ideas that resemble the objects with those qualities (for example, shape and size)
SECONDARY QUALITIES
Secondary qualities are qualities that awaken in us ideas which are not like anything in the object itself (for example, color and taste).