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10 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Descarte
-Mind/Body Duality
-"I think, therefore I am."
Locke
-Empiricist
-Mind is a composite substance
-As long as conciousness stays the same, identity stays the same
Reid
-Soul is simple, indivisible with no parts, non-physical, and indestructible
Hume
-No soul
-Sense impressions
-Self is a collection of perceptions bound together by continuity, contiguity, and causation.
-Passion rules reason.
-When the brain dies, so does the self.
Kant
-Unity and continuity necessary conditions for conciousness.
-Experience and perception dependent upon the subject.
-Noumenal and phenomenal self.
Plato
-Tripartite Soul- rational, spirited, appetite
-Four virtues- wisdom (philosopher king), courage (guardians), moderation (commoners), justice
-Men and women in the guardian class should be educated and those who excel should be philosopher kings.
Aristotle
-3 telos of humans: life of nutrition, life of sense, logos
-3 types of life we can pursue: life of cattle (pleasure and pain), life of active citizenship (honor), life of contemplation
-Moral habit and intellectual virtue
-Mind and body together
-Knowledge comes from observation of the physical world.
Buddhism
-Life is suffering
-We can only extinguish desire when we negate our ego
-Karma- the quality of your actions
-When we attach ourselves to material objects, our desires can never be satisfied.
Existentialism
-"Existence precedes essence."
-No universal human nature
-Human being is nothing but what he makes himself to be.
-2 aspects of human beings: being-in-itself and being-for-itself.
-Human conciousness is capable of negativity.
-We define the "other" in order to affirm the sovereignty of ourselves.
Confucianism
-Ru-learned scholar
-All learned people had to be proficient in the study of the classics.
-Both religion and philosophy
-focuses on relationships
-5 essential social relationships: parent-child (filial piety), husband-wife (differentiation), ruler-subject (appropriateness), siblings (deference), friends (trust)
-4 beginnings- feeling of commiseration, feeling of shame and dislike, feeling of respect and reverence, feeling of right and wrong.