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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What did Thales think was the substance
Water (Ice, Steam)
Anaximander
Boundless
Anaximenes
Air
Pythagoras
Numbers
Heraclitus
Change, Fire, Empiricisim, Logos
Parmenedes
No change, senses deceive
Empedocles
Water, air, fire, earth
Anaxagoras
Seeds, nous
Democritus
Atoms, Materialist, Laws of necessity, existence determined by physical laws
Sophists
Travelors, paid teachers
Gorgias
Taught the art of deception
Thracymachus
Might is Right
Oracle of Delphi
Know Thyself
Socrates
Care of soul greatest priority
Socrates
unexamined life not worth living
Evil is disease
Socrates
Parents were midwife and stonecutters
Socrates
Student of Socrates
Plato
Dialogues, Myth of the Cave, Republic
Plato
Apology, The Acadamy
Plato
Divided Line, ideas and senses, Intelligible, visible worlds
Plato
Tripartite, reason, will, appetite; wisdom courage, self-control
Plato
Demiurge, Receptacle, Forms, Ideas, Molds, Patterns
Plato
Negative view of aesthetics...they are just a copy
Plato
Father was a physician, Student of Plato, Teacher of Alexander the Great
Aristotle
Unmoved mover, first deist
Aristotle
Form is characteristics categorized, biologically
Aristotle
Women are unfinished men
Aristotle
Golden Mean, harmony between extremes, balance.
Aristotle
Virtue is choosing to do good, result of habit, ethics are habit
Aristotle
Humans are political Animals
Aristotle
Lyceum teacher, forced to leave Athens or die.
Aristotle
What a lot of things I don't need
Cynicism
Life in a Barrel
Diogones
Highest Good is pleasue, greatest evil is pain
Epicurean
Here you will live well, Pleasure is the highest good,
Epicurean
Distinguish between what you can and cannot control
Stoicism
Wisdom to control what you can, accept with dignity what you can't
stoicism
Hericlitus influence, universal brotherhood, political responsibility, Helenistic
Stoics
Marcus Aurelius, Cicero
Stoics
Plato's influence, emanation from the One/Light, Transcendent God, ideas, world sould
Neoplatonism
Evil=absense of order, absence of light, Salvation by moral and intellectual virtues
Neoplatonism
Mystical union via self surrender, reincarnation, try, try again
Neoplatonism
Rationalism emphasis of knowing, "Confessions", manichaenism-dualism (good and evil)
Augustine
True knowledge involves faith and reason, Christianized Plato, ex nihilo Creation
Augustine
Ideas in the Divine Minde, disorders love, philosophy of history, City of God
Augustine
Christianized Aristotle, empiricism emphasis of knowing, Albert the great, 2 paths to God...Scripture, Senses
Thomas Aquinas
5 proofs for God's existence, teleological "Watch Maker",
Thomas Aquinas
Two paths to morality, scripture and conscience, happiness is finding your end in God
Aquinas
4 laws- Eternal-Divine Reason governs universe, Natural-reasoin in everyone, Human-government rules, divine-special revelation...Legitimacy of the state
Aquinas
Reaction to Aquinas, will over reason, morality is a matter of faith, not reason
John Duns Scotus
Reaction to Aquinas, limits of human reason, Razor...cut away the unnecessary, 2 truths, truth of God, truth of Science and philosophy
William of Ockham
Rebirth of Greco-Roman culture, Motto-Go to the source... New view of Mankind, humanism, New view of nature
Renaissance
New Scientific method, empirical method, Francis Bacon, practical value of knowledge, expiraments
Renaissance
Era of New World View, heliocentric, Copernicus, Kepler, Galileo-laws of inertia, Newton-law of universal gravitation-one set of laws
Renaissance
Augustinian monk, Latin translations, individual faith alone for salvation, priesthood of believers, read Bible on your own
Martin Luther
Tensions of irreconcilable differences, Catholic/Protestant, 30 years war, class differences, Louis xiv, carpe diem, idealism and materialism present, science nourished materialism and mechanistic world view
Baroque