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29 Cards in this Set

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Metaphysical perspective whose source of ultimate reality is external to self. Reality is constant, fixed, stable.
Absolute
Metaphysical perspective whose source of ultimate reality is ones self. Reality is changing, based on experience.
Relativism
Not follow any one philosophy but selects beliefs from many schools of thought and creates own.
Eclectic
The belief that no deity exists.
Atheism
The belief that knowledge of deity is impossible, can't be known.
Agnostic
The method of reasoning which involves drawing inferences from the general to the specific.
Deduction
The method of reasoning which involves drawing inferences from the specific to the general.
Induction
The branch of philosophy which deals with the nature of and acquisition of knowledge.
Epistemology
The branch of philosophy which considers theories about the nature of ultimate reality.
Metaphysical
The love or seeking of wisdom.
Philosophy
Branch of philosophy which studies the nature of values.
Axiology
The "youngest" of the four schools of thought.
Existentialism
In metaphysics, the theory that reality is quantitatively one single entity.
Monism
The mode of philosophizing that concentrates on finding the whole, the comprehensive picture or meaning.
Speculation
The belief that Man is the highest order of reality.
Humanism
The belief that existence is good and life is worth living.
Optimism
Study of beauty and ugliness, art, values and principles.
Aesthetics
God and the universe are one and the same things.
Pantheism
Knowledge gained by reasoning using only the mind.
Rational
The kind of knowledge that comes from God.
Revelation
Values that exist in their own right regardless of human preference.
Objective
Knowledge that is confirmed by the senses, observable.
Empirical
The kind of knowledge that a person finds originating from within, in a moment of insight.
Intuition
The sub branch of axiology that deals with moral conduct.
Ethics
The belief that physical self-torture or self-denial could discipline an individual to achieve spiritual competence.
Asceticism
The "ism" or belief that pleasure is the highest good.
Hedonism
A belief that individual behavior and natural events are predetermined hence no one is able to choose.
Determinism
The belief that something exists which is not material.
Immaterialism
The belief that the thing which exists is material, not matter
Materialism