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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Russell's two types of knowledge:
by acquaintance and by description
Two types of universals
qualities and relations
three types of relations
spacial, temporal, and causation
3 meanings of is:
existential relation: "there is a table", identity: "this is a table", predication: "the table is brown"
Husserl's types of intentionality
perceptual, pictorial, and signitive
empty intentionality
thinking about/imagining something
full intentionality
experiencing something
categorial intuition
saturated with syntax; has context (ie: facts, jokes, idioms, etc.)
registering v. reporting
registering=seeing it firsthand; reporting=2nd hand information
can make both empty and full intuitions; can both register and report it
five types of speech acts
expressive: feeling, assertive: true/false statement, declarative: "let there be light" (comes from an authority position, commissive: promises, vows (marriage, honor code...), directive: desire to make a change--can't be true or false; "Would you pass the salt?"
Why not AI?
Chinese room argument; computer lacks semantics
notion of being; conceptual existence on the whole. We can each have our own little piece of dasein
use of object without thinking about it
object breaks down, or otherwise requires focus
a role (e.g. doctor, student, warrior)
structure of a world: (example: for a warrior)
With which: tools required (helmet, sword)
in which: activities (battlefield)
towards which: objective (conquest)
for the sake of which: (freedom). With this last is the possibility of making the dasein more complete
Being-being distinction
Being=dasein; being=individual
Why meaningfulness can't be displayed through present-at-hand
meaning is also defined through interaction, which necessarily requires the ready-at-hand; however, reflection of the object replaces the ready-at-hand with the present-at-hand
face to face relation
the origin of ethics; the face is the uncontained being of an other, always present, but intangible
uncontainable relation with a face, an absolute distance that also requires proximity
autonomy (Levinas)
law comes from inside and assumes the absence of infinity
heteronomy (Levinas)
law comes from others; face-to-face relation demands respect
Formula for Humanity as and End
Always treat humanity as an end and never nearly as a means
Formula for Universal Law
act as if your actions were to become universal law
Kant's objective in the Epistomology
prove synthetic and a priori truths
slave morality
doctrine of guilt, made by the weak to enslave the strong
free will
made by Priests to create imaginary rules which control us through guilt
Four spheres of existence:
Aesthetic (Homer Simpson), Ethical (Choice of Attitude), Religion: A) Complete Dependence on God (blind faith), B) faith (apply all scriptures unto us for profit and learning)
Criticisms for Utilitarianism (you only need to know four)
1) does not consider motive
2) presupposes everyone deserves equal good
3) discounts value of family and other relationships
4) too demanding--how many consequences must one consider?
5) encourages lying and stealing
6) no act is intrinsically bad (like murder) if there are enough utils (example of five sick people killing one innocent so that all of them can take his organs and therefore live--see killing and letting die)