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13 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
drug
any chemical that can affect living processes
pharmacology
the study of drugs andt their interactions with living systems
clinical pharmocology
the study of drugs in humans, including patients and healthy volunteers
therapeutics
aka pharmacotherapeutics, it is the use of drugs to diagnose, prevent, or treat disease or to prevent pregnancy; can also be defined as the medical use of drugs.
properties of an ideal drug
an ideal medication exists in theory only, there is no such thing as a perfect drug
3 most important properties when considering medications
A. Effectiveness B. Safety C. Selectivity
Effectiveness
must elecit the response for which it is given. this is the most important property. if a drug is not effective, there is no justification for giving it.
Safety
A safe drug is one that cannot produce harmful effects... even if administeredin very high doses for a very long time. therefore, there is no such thing as a safe drug.
Selectivity*
a selective drug is one that elicits only the response for which it is given, as well a selective drug would not produce side effects. there is no such thing as a selective drug: ALL medications cause sige effects. A common example would be drowsiness from an antihistamine.
3 most important porperties when considering medications
A. Effectiveness B. Safety C. Selectivity
Effectiveness
must elecit the response for which it is given. this is the most important property. if a drug is not effective, there is no justification for giving it.
Safety
A safe drug is one that cannot produce harmful effects... even if administeredin very high doses for a very long time. therefore, there is no such thing as a safe drug.
Selectivity*
a selective drug is one that elicits only the response for which it is given, as well a selective drug would not produce side effects. there is no such thing as a selective drug: ALL medications cause sige effects. A common example would be drowsiness from an antihistamine.