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12 Cards in this Set

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X-Rays of the Chest
Most common non-invasive radiological procedure.
Gives global information about position of the heart and chambers surrounding anatomy
Gastrointenstinal studies
Invasive diagnostic procedure which uses radiographic contrast media to provide radiographic visualization of the upper and lower GI
Intravenous Pyelogram (IVP)
Invasive diagnostic X-ray procedure of the kidneys, ureters, and bladder. A radiopaque contrast dye is injected into a vein and concentrated and excreted by kidneys
Mammography
Non-invasive X-ray photographs of the breast
Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
A special scanner that uses a technique based on the analysis and absorption and transmission of high-frequency radio waves by water molecules in tissues placed in a strong magnetic field
Computerized Tomography (CT)
Non-invasive diagnostic procedure in which an X-ray beam scans a cross section of the body. Used widely for production of 3D pictures of the soft tissues in the body
Ultrasound (Sonography)
Non-invasive procedure that ses high-frequency sound waves to determine th position or size of soft tissue structures within the body. (Used to detect pregnancy)
Nuclear Medicine studies
Use of radioactive materials to help diagnose and treat certain diseases.
Ex: brain, bone, thryoid uptake scans, and lung and cardiac imaging.
Electrocardiography (ECG,EKG)
Measurement of the electrical activity in the heart as it pumps blood throughout the body. Impulses appear on paper as waves.
Cardiac Catherization and angiograpy (Angiogram)
Invasive procedure where a thin flexible catheter is inserted inot a blood vessel and passed inot hte heart. Once in, contrast medm is released and it is used to highlight any blockages.
Exercise stress testing
Non-invasive test used ot evlauate clinical and cardiovascular responses to exercise. Used as a diagnosti can prognostic assessment tool for patiesnt with knwon or suspected IHD.
Pharmacologic stress testing
Invasive stress testing alternative for patients who are unable ot undergo exercise testing. Pharmacologic agenst produce stress by causing vasodialative response or by increasing myocardial oxyten demand.