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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Solution
clear - solvent
common solvents = water, alcohol, glycerin, propylene glycol
Syrup
saturated sucrose solution - < 10% -OH
Elixir
clear, sweetened, hyrdoalcoholic liquid =< 5-40% -OH
Spirits
alcoholic or hydroalocholic solutions of volatile =<62-85% -OH
Tincture
alcoholic or hydroalocholic solutions of non-volatile
Suspensions
two-phase
Emulsions
unstable
creaming - easily redispersed
coalescence - irreversible
Gel
agents=
acacia, alginic acid, Carbopols (caromers), gelatin, methylcellulose, tragacanth, xanthan gum
IV needle
16-20 gauge
1-1.5"
IM
19-22 gauge
1-1.5"
2-5ml
deltiod, gluteus medius & maxiums, ventrogluteal, vastus lateralis
SC, subc, subq
24-27 gauge
3/8 - 1"
2 ml
insulin
lower abdomen, thigh, upper back and arm
Intradermal
25-26 gauge
3/8"
0.1 ml
SL & Buccal
bypasses first-pass metabolism
enteric coated
disintegrate in higher pH intestine, not low pH stomach
rectal
bypass first-pass metabolism, vomiting, unconscious, incapable of swallowing
IV sites
basilic - inner, upper arm
cephalic - outer arm
median cubital - inner elbow
median ante-brachial - inner forearm
dorsal venous arc - hand
dorsalis pedis - foot
metacarpal -hand
Z-Tract
skin stain avoid
wheal
bilster from intradermal injection
Ophthalmic
7-10 mcL = tear volume
Lacrimal
tear gland = 2 mcL/min