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97 Cards in this Set

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absorbent
absorbs, or takes up, other chemicals of toxic nature; often added to tablets and capsules

ex. polycarborphil (GI absorbant)
adrenergic
activates organs affected by the sympathetic nervous system
adsorbent
binds other chemicals to its surface; reduces amount of toxic chemical in the body
alcohol abuse inhibitor
raises internal PH, making the blood and tissues more alkaline
anabolic steroid
for treatment of catabolic disorders, in which living tissue is turned into energy and waste products.
analeptic
stimulates central nervous system
alkalinizer
disassociates to provide nicarbonate ion which causes systemic and urinary alkalinazation.
analgesic
suppresses pain without rendering the patient unconscious
androgen
hormone that affects male reproductive functions and sexual characteristics
anesthetic
reduces or eliminates pain; general anesthetic renders the patient unconsciousl local anesthetic affects pain in a particular location; topical anesthetic is a local anesthetic that affets the mucous membranes
anorexic
elevates mood to suppress appetite
antacid
neutralizes excess gastric acid
anthelmintic
eradicates intestinal worms
anti-infective
kills microorganisms and sterlizes wounds
anti-inflammatory
reduces inflammation
antiacne
controls acne vulgaris
antiamoebic
eradicats or inhibits amoebic parasites
antiandrogen
reduces conversion of testostrone to dihydrotestostrone
antianginal
dilates blood vessels; used to treat angina pectoris, pain in chest
antiarrythmic
depresses the action of the heart to combat irregularites in its rhythm
antiarthritic
reduces inflammation of joints
antibacterial
kills bacteria (topical)
antibiotic
kills bacteria or otherwise fights or prevents infection
anticholestrole
lowers cholesterol levels
anticoagulant
slows the clotting of blood; for treatment of thrombosis and embolism or for storage of collected blood
anticonvulsant
prevents or arrests seizures
antidiabetic
for treatment for diabetes
antidiarrheal
for treatment fo diarrhea
antidiuretic
reduces volume of urine produced
antidote
reverse effects of poisoning
antiemetic
suppresses vomiting
antiepileptic
prevents epileptic seizures
antiflatulent
reduces gastrointestinal gas
antifungal
eradicates or suppresses fungi
antiglaucoma
for treatemnt of glaucoma
antihemophilic
for tretament of hemophilia; allows blood to clot
antiherpes
for treatment of herpes
antihistaminic
for treatment of allergies
antihypertensive
lowers blood pressure
antihypoglycemic
for treatment of hyperglycemia
antimalarial
for treatment for malaria
antimanic
for treatment for manic psychosis
antimigraine
for treatment of migraine headaches
anti-motion sickness
for treatment of motion sickness
antinarcotic
reverses effects of narcotic
antineoplastic
attacks and destroys malignant cells
antipruritic
suppresses itching
antipsychotic
reduces effects of psychotic disorders
antipyretic
reduces fever
antispasmodic
reduces spasms
antithyroid
reduces amount of thyroid hormone produced
antitubercular
fights tuberculosis
antitussive
suppresses coughing
antiviral
kills or suppresses viruses, or prevents viral infection
anxiolytic
reduces anxiety
astringent
causes contraction locally after topical application
barbiturate
type of sedative
beta blocker
decreases heart rate, myocardial contractility, blood pressure, and myocardial oxygen demand
bronchdialator
expands the bronchial passages; for treatment of asthma
bulk-forming
promotes evacuation from bowel
calcium channel blocker
blocks flow of calcium ions in the hera for treatment for angina pectoris, arrhythmia, and hypertention
cardiotonic
strengthems heartbeat; for treatment of congestive heart failure
cathartic
see purgative
chelating agent
for treatment for poisoning
choleretic
increases secretion of bile by liver
contraceptive
prevents conception
corticosteroid
relieves inflammation and manages autoimmune diseases
digestive
aids digestion
diuretic
increases production of urine
emetic
causes vomiting
estrogen
hormone hat affects female reproductive functions and sexual characteristics
expectorant
increases secretions of the respiratory tract and lowers their viscosity
fertility
promotes ovulation or creation of sperm
gonadotropin
a type of fertility drug
growth hormone
stimulates growth
hemostatic
stops bleeding
hypnotic
causes sleep
immunization
see vaccine
keratolytic
applied topically to soften and remove superficial skin layer
miotic
constricts the pupils of the eyes
muscle relaxant
inhibits muscle contraction
mydriatic
dilates the pupils of the eyes
narcotic
often addictive, relieves pain and induces sleep; includes opium and its derivatives
nasal decongestant
constricts vessels in nasal passages
opiate
narcotic derived or related to opium
oxytocic
begins production of milk after childbirth
parasiticide
destroys parasites on the skin
pediculicide
kills lice
psychotherapeutic
for treatment of psychological disorders
radiopharmaceutical
contains a radioactive isotope; for diagnosis or for therapy
scabicide
destroys skin mites and their eggs
sedative
depresses hte centeral nervous system, causing relaxation
traquilizer
reduces anxiety or disturbance
urinary acidifier
lowers internal PH making the blood and tissues more acidic
vaccine
introduces an antigen into the body to stimulate the prduction of antibodies for protection against a disease-causing microorganism
vasoconstrictor
narrows vessels and lowers blood pressure
vitamin
chemical or mineral necessary in small amount for proper metabolism