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49 Cards in this Set

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Epinephrine hydrochloride (Adrenalin Chloride)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Catecholamine Drugs
-The prototype of the adrenergics
-Effects: Stimulates both alpha- and beta-receptors, increases blood pressure, increases heart rate, increases blood flow to brain, heart, and skeletal muscles, constricts peripheral vessels, relaxes gastrointestinal smooth muscle
Norepinephrine (Levophed)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Catecholamine Drugs
-Potent vasoconstrictor
-Used to treat: Hypotension, Cardiac arrest
Dopamine hydrochloride (Intropin)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Catecholamine Drugs
-The immediate precursor of norepinephrine
Dobutamine hydrochloride (Dobutex)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Catecholamine Drugs
-A synthetic catecholamine
-Acts directly on the heart muscle to increase the force of contraction
Isoproterenol hydrochloride (Isuprel)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Catecholamine Drugs
-A synthetic catecholamine
-A bronchodilator
-Stimulates both beta1- and beta2-receptors
-Used to control shock and some dysrhythmias
-Good by injection or aerosol, poor by oral or sublingual
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs
-Are given to treat the following acute cardiovascular, respiratory, and allergic disorders: Cardiac arrest, Hypotension, Congestive heart failure (CHF), Bronchial asthma, Upper respiratory congestion, Allergic reactions, Hypoglycemia, Local bleeding, Obstetics, Eye disorders
-Monitor: for increased heart rate, increased blood pressure, and dysrhythmias; bronchial congestion and dyspnea; elevated blood sugar; anxiety and insomnia (noncatecholamines)
-Avoid infiltration of intravenous infusion into the tissues (can cause tissue necrosis)
Ephedrine
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Noncatecholamine Drugs
-Less potent, but longer acting drug than epinephrine
-Used as a bronchodilator and nasal decongestant during allergic reactions
Pseudoephedrine (Sudafed)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Noncatecholamine Drugs
Phenylephrine hydrochloride (Neo-Synephrine)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Noncatecholamine Drugs
-Stimulates the alpha-receptor (results in vasoconstriction and nasal decongestion)
-Acts as a bronchodilator
Albuterol (Proventil)
Adrenergic (Sympathomimetic) Drugs, Noncatecholamine Drugs
-Used to produce bronchodilation
Phentolamine mesylate (Regitine)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
Ergotamine tartrate (Ergostat)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Vasoconstrictor that is used to treat migraine headaches.
-Poorly absorbed orally
Ergotamine tartrate with caffeine (Cafergot)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Common antimigraine medication
Doxazosin (Cardura)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Peripherally acting antiadrenergic drug that is used to treat hypertension or BPH
Prazosin (Minipress)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Peripherally acting antiadrenergic drug that is used to treat hypertension or BPH
Terazosin (Hytrin)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Peripherally acting antiadrenergic drug that is used to treat hypertension or BPH
Sumatriptan (Imitrex)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Alpha-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Vascular headahce suppressant used to treat migraines
Antiadrenergic Drugs
Alpha-Adrnergic Blocking Agents
-Block sympathomimetic agents, Dilate vessels in smooth muscles, Lower peripheral vascular resistance
-Mild to moderate hypertension, Benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), Migraine headaches, Pheochromocytoma, Congestive heart failure (CHF), Peripheral vascular disorders
-Precautions: Coronary or cerebral arteriosclerosis, renal impairment, or peptic ulcer disease
-Change position slowly to Prevent orthostatic hypotension
Antiadrenergic Drugs
Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Block Beta-1: Decrease in blood pressure, contraction of the heart muscle, and cardiac output; Beta-2: Vasodilatation in skeletal muscle arterioles
-Uses: Angina, dysrhythmias, hypertension, myocardial infarction, glaucoma, migraine headache, palpitations and tremors
-Monitor: Bradycardia, hypotension, hypoglycemia
-Change positions slowly to prevent orthostatic hypotension
Propranolol hydrochloride (Inderal)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Used to treat hypertrophic subaortic stenosis, hypertension, angina, dysrhythmias, and myocardial infarction
Metoprolol tartrate (Lopressor)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Used to treat hypertension and dysrhythmias
Atenolol (Tenormin)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Used to treat hypertension, angina, and myocardial infarction
Sotalol (Betapace)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-Used to treat dysrhythmias
Timolol maleate (Timoptic)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Beta-Adrenergic Blocking Agents
-An eye drop medication used to treat glaucoma
Antiadrenergic Drugs
Ganglionic Blocking Agents
-Used to treat advanced stages of hypertension, or hypertensive crisis, pulmonary edema (a complication of severe hypertension)
-Adverse Effects: Hypotension, Dry mouth
Mecamylamine hydrochloride (Inversine)
Antiadrenergic Drugs, Ganglionic Blocking Agents
Cholinergic Drugs
Direct-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Decreased heart rate, increased tone of gastrointestinal muscle and relaxation of sphincters, increased tone of bladder and relaxation of sphincters, increased respiratory secretions, constriction of pupils
-Used to treat Glaucoma, Accommodative estropia, Postoperative atony, Gastrointestinal reflux disease, Neruogenic bladder, Atrial dysrhythmias
-Prevent nausea and vomiting related to chemotherapy
-Precautions: Diabetes mellitus, Coronary artery disease, Myocardial infarction, Heart block, Gangrene; intestinal obstruction, ulcerative colitis, or peptic ulcer; respiratory disroders or asthma
-Poor night vision
Acetylcholine
Cholinergic Drugs, Direct-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
Bethanechol chloride (Urecholine)
Cholinergic Drugs, Direct-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Used for urinary retention and atony and open-angle glaucoma
Pilocarpine hydrochloride (Pilocar)
Cholinergic Drugs, Direct-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Used to lower intraocular pressure in glacoma
Carbachol intraocular (Miostat)
Cholinergic Drugs, Direct-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Used to treat simple glaucoma and open-angle gluacoma
Metoclopramide hydrochloride (Reglan)
Cholinergic Drugs, Direct-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Used to prevent chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting, and to treat heartburn and dealyed gastric emptying due to reflux esophagitis
Cholinergic Drugs
Indirect-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Uses: Myasthenia gravis, Glaucoma, Posoperative bladder distention, Postoperative parlytic ileus, to counteract the neuromuscular blockade caused by muscle relaxants
Neostigmine bromide (Prostigmin)
Cholinergic Drugs, Indirect-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Used to treat urinary retention and paralytic ielus, also myasthenia gravis
Edrophonium chloride (Tensilon)
Cholinergic Drugs, Indirect-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Used to diagnose myasthenia gravis
-Antidote for pancuronium (Pavulon), a neuromuscular blocker
Pyridostigmine bromide (Mestinon)
Cholinergic Drugs, Indirect-Acting Cholinomimetic Drugs
-Maintenance drug of choice for myasthenia gravis
Anticholinergic Drugs
-Adverse Effects: Constipation, Dry mouth
Atropine sulfate
Anticholinergic Drugs
-Used: preoperatively to dry secretions, to treat bradycardia, as an antidote for cholinergic drugs and insecticide poisoning
Belladonna tincture
Anticholinergic Drugs
-Used to treat gastrointestinal disorders
Homatropine (Spectro-Homatropine)
Anticholinergic Drugs
-eye drops used to produce mydriasis and cycloplegia
Trihexyphenidyl (Artane)
Anticholinergic Drugs
-Used to treat Parkinson's disease
Oxybutynin chloride (Ditropan)
Anticholinergic Drugs
-Used to increase bladder capacity and to decrase the frequency of voiding in clients with neurologic bladders
Scopolamine hydrobromide (Hyoscine)
Anticholinergic Drugs
-Used to treat motion sickness, manage the nausea and vomiting that acccompanies general anesthesia, and produce preoperative amnesia
Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
-Uses: Relieves musculoskeletal pain, Relieves severe musculoskeletal spasticity caused by inflammation, trauma, or some surgical procedures, to treat the acute, painful muscle spasiticity associated with: Multiple sclerosis, Cerebral palsy, Cardiovascular accident (CVA), Spinal cord injuries
Carisoprodol (Soma)
Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
Cyclobenzaprine hydrochloride (Flexeril)
Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
Baclofen (Lioresal)
Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
Orphenadrine (Norflex)
Central Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
Danrolene sodium (Dantrium)
Direct-Acting Skeletal Muscle Relaxants
-Malignant hyperthermia crisis
-Photophobia
-With diazepam, produces drowsiness