Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

27 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Define antifungal drug.
drug used to treat monilial infections (candidiasis), such as thrush, diaper rash, vaginitis, athlete's foot, and Jock itch.
Define antipruitic drug.
a drug used short term to relieve discomfort from dermatitis asociated with allergic reactions, poison ivy, hives, and insect bites.
What are the uses of emolients and demulcents?
used topically to protect or soothe minor dermatological conditions, such as diaper rash, abrasions, and minor burns.
Give an example of "emolients and demulcents".
vitamins A and D, A&D Ointment, Desitin (w/ zinc)
Give some examples of an antifungal drug.
terbinafine, clotrimazole, detoconazole, nystatin, tolnaftate, zinc undecylenate
How long should antipruritics be used w/o doctors approval?
one week.
What is a keratolytic drug used for.
to control conditions of abnormal scaling of the skin, such as dandruff, seborrhea, and psoriasis or to promote peeling of the skin in conditions such as acne, hard corns, calluses, and warts.
List side effects of Corticosteroids.
Epidermal thinning, Increased fragility of cutaneous BV's, Irritation, burning, or stinging, ulceration, especially w/ occlussive bandage, activation of latent infections, slow healing, hyperglycemia. glycosuria, Cushing's syndrome,
Where are corticosteroids contraindicated?
Skin infections, open wounds, immunosuppressed (HIV), if recieving chemo, children, pregnancy or lactating, acne, rosacea, or perioral dermatitis.
What are some side effects of antipruritics?
Skin irritation, rash, stinging and burning sensation, allergic reaction (-caines), sedation (antihistamines)
When are antiprutrics contraindicated?
open wound (corticosteroids), prolonged use, allergic persons.
List some keratolytic antipruritics.
coal tar, podophyllin, salicylic acid, sulfur.
List some non keratolytic antipruritics.
benzocaine, diphenhydramine, corticosteroid, dibucaine, Vitamins A & D
What is the safest treatment for lice in an extended care facility?
Ivermectin, oral, once based on weight of client.
True or false, Accutane is prescribed for type I acne.
False, Accutane is prescribed for type 4, severe acne that doesn't respond to topicals.
The most effective treatment for shingles includes.
acyclovir (Zovirax), Valacyclovir (Valtrex), start within 72 hrs, start within 48 hrs is most effect.
Contraindications for Accutane therapy include.
Pregnancy, sunlight exposure, psychiatric disorders.
Side effects of Accutane include.
inflamation of lips, dry skin, dry mouth, nose-bleed, peeling, itching, photosensitivity, decrease H & H, Musculosdeletal pain, back pain, arthralgia, myalgia, CNS effects (dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, HA, lethargy, malaise, weakness) Depression, emotional lability, psychosis
Which type of acne might topical antibiotics such as tetracycline or erythromycin be ordered?
Type 2
What type of medication is used to treat genital warts?
A keratolytic called podophyllum (
What is the most common first line treatment for dandruff, psoriasis, acne, warts, corns, and calluses that stains clothing?
salicylic acid (Clearasil, Neutrogena), cream, liquid or gel
What is an antiseptic?
substane that inhibits the growth of bacteria.
What are the two major antiseptics used today?
chlorhexidene (Hibiclens), and povidone-iodine (Betadine)
What are the possible side effects of the antiseptics.
Dermatitis and irritation, burns (Betadine), photosensitivity (Hibiclens), allergic reactions
Why is Betadine contraindicated in newborns?
there is a risk of iodine absorption.
What are the most common burn medications?
silver sulfadiazine (Silfadene), mafenide (Sulfamylon), nitrofurazone (Furacin) for those allergic to sulfa.
True or False? Hibiclens can be used with deep wounds.
False-chlorhexidene should not be used on wounds involving more than the superficial layers of skin.