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20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
pharmacology
the study of drugs and their causes
drug
a chemical substance that alters the function of the body
medication
a drug used for therapeutic, diagnostic, or preventative measures
legend drug
a drug that has been prescribed
therapeutic effect
the desired or predicted response of a drug
Who can administer medication?
Physicians, PA's, Paramedics, Medical Assistants, Respitory Therapists, Nurses
Who can write prescriptions?
Physicians, Medical Doctors, Dentists, Vets, Nurse Practitioners, Registered Pharmacists, PA's.
Controlled Substances are controlled because they have:
additives, are addictive, have abuse potential, and dangerous side effects.
Examples of controlled substances:
depressants, stimulants, narcotics, antibiotics, tranquilizers, cardiac drugs.
Herbals:
Should be included in patient histories. Not approved or regulated by the FDA. Can interact with prescribed meds.
OTC's
should be included in patient histories
Drugs of the same classification should have equal:
strength, quality and purity
Which ACT established by the DEA introduced the FDA Drug Schedules?
Controlled Substance Act of 1970
Provisions of Controlled Substance Act of 1970:
Doctors need a special license, assigned a DEA number, number must be on every controlled substance prescription. Know what this number is and where the license is in the office.
Schedule 1
High Potential for abuse or addiction.
Severe Psych and Physical dependence.
No acceptable medical use: research only.
Not to be prescribed.
Example: ectstacy, LSD, heroin
Schedule 2
High potential for abuse or addiction.
Severe Psych and Physical dependence.
Acceptable medical use with restrictions.
Prescription only.
No refills w/o new prescription.
No phone in. Hard copy only.
Example: cocaine, demerol, ritalin
Schedule 3
Moderate potential for abuse and addiction.
High Psych dependence
Low Physical dependence
acceptable for medical use
prescription only. refill 5 times in 6 mos. written, phone or fax.
Examples: barbituates, tylenol with codiene.
Schedule 4
Lower potential of abuse than 3
Limited psych and physical dependence
acceptable medical use
prescription only. refill 5 times in 6 mos. ma can write doctor must sign.
Example: valium, ambien
Schedule 5
Low potential for abuse.
acceptable medical use.
any drug not containing narcotics
example: cough syrup with codiene
Schedule 6 in some states like CA
Medical Marijuana