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16 Cards in this Set

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Fast acting anticoagulant

a) heparin (calciparin)
b) warfarin (coumadin)
c) clopidogrel (plavix)
heparin- fast acting, rapid metabolism, parenteral. for acute fix
slow acting anticoagulant

a) heparin (calciparin)
b) warfarin (coumadin)
c) clopidogrel (plavix)
Warfarin- slow acting, prolonged effect 3-4days. depress synth of vit k. can build up in system and cause toxicity w in 3 years
Anticoagulant that takes about 2 hrs for action, can prolong
bleeding and cause complications w respiratory infections
a) heparin (calciparin)
b) warfarin (coumadin)
c) clopidogrel (plavix)
clopidogrel
drug that prevents the conversion of prothrombin to thrombin and fibrinogen to fibrin to prevent clot formation
Heparin
effects of this drug can be reversed by protamine sulfate
heparin
drug that can be reversed by the administration of vit k
warfarin (coumadin) - likely to interact w herbs. esp effects the LV- watch px sclera/jaundice
Vasodilator that calms vasospasms by inhibiting phosphodiesterase causing an increase in cyclic AMP
cyclandelate (cyclan)
vasodilator that must be used for longterm treatment otherwise ineffective

a) cyclandelate (cyclan)
b) dypyridamole (presantine)
c) gemfibrozil (lopid)
d) clopidogrel (plavix)
cyclandelate (cyclan)

("never ending cycle")
Vasodilator used to prophylactically treat TIAs by inhibiting phsophodiesterase to inhibit platelet adhesion

a) cyclandelate (cyclan)
b) dypyridamole (presantine)
c) gemfibrozil (lopid)
d) clopidogrel (plavix)
dipyridamole (persantine)
short term adverse reaction consists of eructation , tachycardia, and dizzyness

a) cyclandelate (cyclan)
b) dypyridamole (presantine)
c) gemfibrozil (lopid)
d) clopidogrel (plavix)
cylcandelate (cyclan) - vasodilator inhibit phosphodiesterase and relieve vasospasm
inhibits peripheral lipolysis and triglyceride synthesis

a) lovastatin (mevacor)
b) dipyridamole (persantine)
c) gemfibrozil (lopid)
d) ethacrynic acid (edecrin)
gemfibrozil (lopid)
lower serum triglyceride
increase HDL
increase actions of oral anticoag
may cause bile duct obstrxn
blocks the rate limiting enzyme in synthetic pathway of cholesterol

a) lovastatin (mevacor)
b) pravastatin (pravachol)
c) gemfibrozil (lopid)
any statin
CI- LV disease
very likely to interact with herbs
T/F

Statin drugs are shown to be extremely effective in men and women over the age of 65
F

increase risk of stroke ages >65
no indication of benefit for women
T/F

Hi Cholesterol Levels are directly linked to HT attack
F

HT Attack is related to hi homocysteine levels
non-statin antilipemic
gemfibrozil (lopid)
will increase the actions of oral anticoagulants such as warfarin

a) Cyclandelate (cyclan)
b) gemfibrozil (lopid)
c) fluvastatin (lescol)
d) dipyridamole (presantine)
gemfibrozil (lopid)
antilipemic- may cause bile duct obstruction