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68 Cards in this Set

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Anaphylactic shock should be treated with?
epinephrine
Epinephrine
bronchial dilation, widening of bronchis
signs of Anaphylctic shock
warmth in hands and feet start and peek with in 30 mins
two medication most people have allergic reaction to
penicillin and Iodine
Other allergics rections are from?
peanuts, bee stings, shellfish
what not to give till the baby is alest 2 years old?
eggs and fish
people with allergic reaction should?
wear braclet, tell people your are with about your allergy, carrie an epipen
Drug namenclature
chemical name (generic name)
brand name
owned, proprietoy name
source of drug info?
physican's drug referance
drug delivery system
oral medications and tablets
tablets and oral medications have?
binders,fillers, disintegratos and lubricants
when can't u give meds by mouth?
unconscious, vomiting or unable to swallow
Enteric
special coatings dissolves in alkline intestines
OV
office visit
Immune system
works together to destory micoorganism that make us sick, needs to be in good order to let antibiotics work
Organism is made up of?
systems>organs>tissue>cells
Natural acquired immunity
(passive)
mother to fetus, prolongs with breast feeding
Natural acquired immunity
(active)
you get the disease, the body makes antibodies
Acquired artifically
(active)
immunization/vaccinations, 1st exposure to disease
Acquired artifically
(passive)
immunoglobulins from another person who had the disease and made antibodies
Lymphocytes (wbc)
5000-10,000
antibody titer
viable antibodies test
anitbibiotics kills?
bacteria
T-cells
can remember
B-cells
dormant until antigen appears multiply through blood plasma
Vaccine causes
recipients immune system to resistance to the infections disease
who should be immunized?
children before school age, going out of country, work in the health care field
where to report outbreak?
center for disease control in Alantia, Georgia
who is at high risk?
teenagers, new parents, immigrants
After giving a vaccine how long should they be kept in the office?
15-30 mins
bad reaction to vaccine
high fever, high pitch scream, cough
National childhood vaccine injury act
give statments. date of vaccination, route and site of vaccination, vaccine type , manufacture, lot# and expiration date
Rhogam
hemoglobin keeps babies blood from entering mothers blood stream
round/spherical
cocci
chains
streptococcus
cluster
grapes, staphlococcus
rod shaped
bacilli
sprial
spirilla
Microbiology
microorganism, small living things
gram stain
purple+ did not stain-
aerobic
need oxygen to grow
anaerobic
thrives without oxygen
C&S
cultur and senistivity
Antimicrobials
chemical that will kill micro's (sulfonamide-1930) sulfa
name an antibiotic and what is does
penicillin-1940 kills bacterial infections
antifungal
kills fungus, athletes foot
antiviral
shingles and AIDS
Bacteriostatic
inhabits the growth of bacterial
2 kinds of antibiotics
broadspectrum and narrown spectrum
Broad spectrum
kills gram + and gram - bacterial
Narrow spectrum
kills stephcocci bacterial (specific)
The goal of antibiotic therapy?
surpress as many bacteria as possible
2 thing that can cause allergic reaction?
Penicillin and Iodine
how to take drug
take the entire prescription,
take meds in evenly spaced doses,
keep drug blood level even
superinfection
one infection on top of another infection
antistaphicol
just kills staff infections.
extended spectrum
wider antimicrobial action.(UI+RTT)
WRSA
methicillian restitant staph aureus. pathogen not killed by antibiotics.
most common side effects of antibiotics.
nausea and vomiting
cephalosparins
related to penicillin 1-4 generations.
medication can cause vomiting and nausea, dont' take with steroids or anticoagulants
Macrolides
(Eriythromycin,EES,Mycin) taken by people with allergys to PCN
Tetracycline
milk will cancel out effects, stain teeth
Amimoglycosies
can cause perment damage to ears, life threating infections
Quinolone antimicobials
broad base, treat bone and joint infection
Sulfonamides
(sulfa drug) watch for rash
Disinfectant
inanimate objects
Most common antiseptic
alcohol