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16 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Drug
Any chemical that alters an organism's functions or processes
Pharmacology
The study of drugs, including their origin, properties, and interactions with living organisms
Pharmacy
the preparation and dispensing of drugs
Therapeutics
The art of treating disease with drugs
Toxicology
The study of toxic substances and their pharmacological actions, including antidotes and poison control
Chemical name
Name assigned based on chemical structure
Code name
A name assigned by a manufacturer to an experimental chemical that shows potential as a drug
Generic name
the name assigned to a chemical by the United States Adopted Name Council when the chemical appears to have therapeutic use and manufacturer wishes the market the drug
Official and Trade Name
1)Official Name-In the event that a drug becomes fully approved for general use and is admitted to the US Pharmacopoeia National Formulary, the generic name becomes the official name
2)Trade Name-Brand, or proprietary name given to a specific manufacturer
Sources of Drug Information
1)US Pharmacopoeia
2)Physician's Desk Reference
3)Hospital Formulary
4)Goodman and Gilman's, Basic and Clinical Pharmacology
Sources of Drugs
1)Chemical Synthesis
2)Animal
3)Plant
4)Mineral
Isolation and identification of the chemical
1)Animal studies
2)General effects
3)Special effects on an organ system
4)Toxicology studies
Investigational Drug Approval
1)Small number of subjects, healthy subjects
2)Small number of subjects, subjects with disease
3)Large, multicenter studies
NDA
Reporting System for the first six months
Prescription
1)Pt's name, address, and date
2)RX-directions to the pharmacist to take the drug listed and prepare as indicated
3)Inscription-name and quantity of the drug being prescribed
4)Sig--information to be included on the label as instructions to the patient
5)Name of prescriber-signature of the MD
Aerosolized Drugs Given by Inhalation
1)Doses are smaller than those used for the same purpose and give systemically
2)Side effects are fewer and less severe than with oral or parenteral delivery
3)Rapid onset
4)Drug Delivery is targeted to the respiratory system
5)Painless, relatively safe