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21 Cards in this Set

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Anesthesia
a drug induced state in which the central nervous system is altered to produce varying degrees of pain relief, drepression of consciousness, skeletal muscle relaxation, and diminished or abeset reflexes
general anesthesia
affects the whole body, LOC.
local anesthesia
affects a specific region of the body.
regional anesthesia
another name for local anesthesia
anxiolytic
used to reduce anxiety
barbiturate
class of drugs that are chemical derivatives of barbitureic acid, they induce sleep and sedationl
benzodiazepine
used as a minor tranquilizer and short term treatment for sleep difficulties
gamma aminobutyric acid
a neurotransmitter
hypnotic
class of drugs that induce sleep
sedative
depresses the CNS, which causes calmness, relaxation, reduction of stress responses.
anticonvulsant
used to prevent occurance of epileptic seizures
akinesia
inability to initiate movement, from selecting and activation motor programs in the brain, common in PD.
dyskinesia
is a medical condition meaning the person afflicted makes bad or abnormal movements. Sometimes caused by long-term use of anti-psychotic drugs
dystonia
is a generic term used to describe a neurological movement disorder involving involuntary, sustained muscle contractions.
akathisia
is an often extremely unpleasant subjective sensation of "inner" restlessness that manifests itself with an inability to sit still or remain motionless, hence its the origin of its name: Greek a (without) + kithesia (to sit). It is a common side effect of certain drugs, notably major tranquilizers, such as haldol and droperidol zyprexa; SSRIs, such as paxil; tricyclic antidepressants, certain antihistamines, such as phenergan and Benadryl; and certain anti-emetic drugs, particularly the dopamine blockers (e.g. Reglan and Compazine).
antipsychotic
used to treat psychosis
dopamine hypothesis
theory that argues that the unusual behaviour and experiences associated with schizophrenia
Monoamine oxidase inhibitors
are a class of antidepressant drugs prescribed for the treatment of depression. Due to potentially serious dietary and drug interactions they are used less frequently than other classes of antidepressant drugs
psychotropic
is a chemical that alters brain function, resulting in temporary changes in perception, mood, consciousness, or behaviour. Such drugs are often used for recreational and spiritual purposes, as well as in medicine, especially for treating neurological and psychological illnesses.
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors
are a class of antidepressants. They act within the brain to increase the amount of the neurotransmitter, serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine or 5-HT), in the synaptic gap by inhibiting its reuptake.
tricyclic
are a class of antidepressant drugs first used in the 1950s. They are named after the drugs' molecular structure, which contains three rings of atoms (compare tetracyclic antidepressant). The term 'tricyclic antidepressant' is sometimes abbreviated to TCA.