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153 Cards in this Set

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Diethylpropion HCl
Stimulant

Appetite Suppressant
Fenfluramine
Appetite Suppressant

No longer used - HEART PROBLEMS
Ephedra
Stimulant

Appetite Suppressant
Synephrine

aka?
Stimulant - Appetite Suppressant

Bitter Orange - current fad
Cotazyme
Pancreatic supplement

Containes Pancreatic enzymes for those deficient in such
Decholine
Bile salt to ^ Bile flow from GB
Name 3 non-food appetite stimulents?

Used to treat?
1)Thyroid Hormone
2)Insulin
3)Alkaloids

Anorexia Nervosa
Chenodeoxycholate (Chendiol)
Used to treat GALLSTONES

1)Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase - inhibiting cholesterol synthesis

2) Inhibits cholesterol conversion to bile acid

3)Dissolves gallstones

-Ultimately reduces cholesterol saturation of bile seen in gallstone patients
Ursodeoxycholate
Gallstone Txmt

Alters structure of cholesterol bile complex

solid stones -> liquid crystal stones

Increases Bile flow

"The bear changes forms!'

Urso = bear
Monooctanoin
Dissolves gallstones

pushed up tube
Sodium Bicarbonate
Antacid

CONTRA: Heart Dz & Low Na diet; Renal failure
Calcium Carbonate
Antacid

SE: Nighttime Acid Rebound - b/c buildup of Ca; CONSTIPATION
Magnesium Hydroxide
Antacid

SE: DIARRHEA
Aluminum Hydroxide
Antacid

SLOW ONSET; LONG DURATION

SE: CONSTIPATION
Sucralfate
Mucosal Protecting Agent

REQUIRES ACID for activation!

Never give with H2 blocker!!
Carbenoxyolone
Mucosal Protecting Agent

SE: Na/FLUID retention

ALDOSTERONE-LIKE side effects
Misoprostol
Mucosal Protecting Agent; PROSTAGLANDIN

"Me-so Muco-sal Prostaglandin"

^ Bicarb secretion in mucous cells

v of HCl release
Cimetidine
H2 Blocker

Prevents increase in cAMP and Ca levels needed for acdtivation of H/K pump

SE: Antiadrogen effects - Gynecomastia & Low sperm count

IMPAIRS HEPATIC MET of DRUGS - NUMEROUS DRUG INTERACTIONS
Side effect for most H2 Blockers?
Antiadrogen effects - Gynecomastia & Low sperm count
Ranitidine
H2 Blocker

Prevents increase in cAMP and Ca levels needed for acdtivation of H/K pump

-more potant than Cimetidine

SE: Antiadrogen effects - Gynecomastia & Low sperm count
Famotidine
H2 Blocker

Prevents increase in cAMP and Ca levels needed for acdtivation of H/K pump

SE: Antiadrogen effects - Gynecomastia & Low sperm count
Nizatidine
H2 Blocker

Prevents increase in cAMP and Ca levels needed for acdtivation of H/K pump

SE: Antiadrogen effects - Gynecomastia & Low sperm count
Pirenzapine
Anti-muscarinic used for Gastic Acid overproduation

Prevents Ca entry into cells, v Acid
Eradiacation of H pylor may induce?
INTESTINAL Cancer
Omeprazole
PPI

NEEDS ACID FOR ACTIVATION - DONT GIVE WITH H2 BLOCKER (Cimetidine/Ranitidine)

SE: Hypergastremia -> ^ chances for gastric cancer
Dimenhydrinate
"Dimen & Diphen hydras"

Antiemetic: H1 Blocker

Prevents N/V WITH MOTION SICKNESS

SE: Antimuscarinic effects - drowsiness, dry mouth, v gut motility etc
Diphenhydramine
"Dimen & Diphen hydras"

Antiemetic: H1 Blocker

Prevents N/V WITH MOTION SICKNESS

SE: Antimuscarinic effects - drowsiness, dry mouth, v gut motility etc
Meclizine
Antiemetic: H1 Blocker

SLOWER ONSET

"Who wants to (not) throw up?! ME METO(o)!!)

ME = Meclize
METO = Metoclopramide

Prevents N/V WITH MOTION SICKNESS

SE: Antimuscarinic effects - drowsiness, dry mouth,
Metoclopramide
Antiemetic - D2 BLOCKER

does NOT control MOTION SICKNESS

also used in migraine & anticancer therapy

^ esophageal sphincter pressue & v pyloric sphincter pressue

SE: Parkinsoniamism

*^ GI motility do to Ach sensitization
Bismuth Subsalicylate
Anti- diarrhea: adsorbent

Soaks up water in GI Tract

SE: TINNITIUS
Ipecac
Emetic

Stimualtes CTZ

SE: Cardiotoxicity
Apomorphine
Emetic

IV ONLY

EMERGENCY/HOSPITAL use only

SE: RESPIRATORY DEPRESSION

*antidote is Naloxone

"Morphine only given in hospitals! now go throw up and be (resp) depressed!"
Mehyl Cellulose
Laxative

Bulk-forming
Paraffin
Laxative

Stool Softener

SE: Pneumonia


Also Silicones = laxative - stool softener
Phenolpthalein
Laxitive

Sitmulant

SE: mucosal irritant: CARCINOGEN w/ chronic use
Docusate
Laxative

Stool Softener
Loperamide
NON ADDDICTIVE OPIATE treatment of diarrhea

(doesnt cross BBB)
Amphotericin B
Antifungal: Polyene

IV only

M: binds fungal membrane & creates a PORE

SE: Infusion toxitcity, NEPHROTOXICITY
Nystatin
Antifungal: Polyene

PO, Topical only

M: binds fungal membrane & creates a PORE

SE: Infusion toxitcity, NEPHROTOXICITY
Ketoconazole
Antifungal: Azole

*fungiSTATIC

M: Inbitits converstion of lanosterol to ergosterol -> membrane instability

SE: Rash
Fluconazole
Antifungal: Azole

*fungiSTATIC

LONG DURATION -> 1x per day

M: Inbitits converstion of lanosterol to ergosterol -> membrane instability

CNS PENTRATION! : MENINGITIS

MOST POPULAR SYSTEMATIC FUNGUS

SE: None!

Dose Adjustment: Only Azole renally exreted
Voriconazazole
Antifungal: Azole

*fungiSTATIC

LONG DURATION -> 1x per day

M: Inbitits converstion of lanosterol to ergosterol -> membrane instability

CNS PENTRATION! : MENINGITIS

SE: VISUAL Disturbances, rash

Apergillus - 1st line
Posaconazole
Antifungal: Azole

*fungiSTATIC

LONG DURATION -> 1x per day

M: Inbitits converstion of lanosterol to ergosterol -> membrane instability

Broadest specturm oral agent

SE: Rash

Zygomycetes - only reliabel frug for
Echinocandins are? Examples?

Kills what species? How?
Antifungals: "-fungin"

Caspofungin
Anidulafungin
Micafungin

Prevent syn of B-glucan -> Disupttion of CELL WALL syn

fungiSTATIC to Aspergillus
fungiCIDAL to Candida
Mebendazole
Anti-Helminth: Benzimidazole

Ineffective against Strongyloides & Hydatid disease (Echinococcosis)

M: Inhibition of glucose uptake
Albendazole
Anti-Helminth: Benzimidazole

First line for cestodes (tapeworms/flatworms)

M: Degeneration fo intestines & tegument of worms
Thiabendazole
Anti-Helminth: Benzimidazole

First line against Stongyloides

M: Inhibits parasite FUMARATE REDUCTASE (in TCA cycle
Ivermectin
Anti-Helminth: Averimectin

First line for Nematodes ONLY (b/c only Nematodes have GABA receptors)

M: Induces release and binding of GABA poststynaptically at NMJ -> Paralysis

"i ver GABA" = "I see GABA" in spanish
Niclosamide
Anti-Helminth

CESTODES ONLY

"Tapeworm wrapped around a nickel"

M; inhibits glucose & oxygen uptake

SE: NONE
Praziquantel
Anti-Helminth: Antischistosomal

M: SYNERGISM b/w immune system & drug to kill worm

SE: NONE
Metrifonate
Anti-Helminth: Antischistosomal

M: AChase Inhibitor

SE: bronchospasm
Niridazole
Anti-Helminth: Antischistosomal

M: Accelerates glycogen utilization/depletion

SE: Muscle weakness, Immunosuppression, CNS disurbnaces

"Negro (Niridazole) has

1)AIDS (immunosuppressed)
2)is DUMB (CNS disturbnaces)
3)is WEAK (muscle weakness)"
Oxamniquine
Anti-Helminth: Antischistosomal

M: Unknown; potentially inhibits protein and nucleic acid syn
Paromomycin
Aminoglcoside Antibacterial useful as Anti-Protozoal agent
Metronidazole
Nitroimidazole

Used for Anaerobbes, H pylori, Protozoa

M: poisons intracellular metabolism, ^ intracellular reduction of free radical production

Clinically:
-C. DIFFICILE COLITITS
-H Pylori Gastro-Duodenal Disease
-Bacterial vaginosis
-Trichomonas Vaginitis
Mechlorethamine
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
Chlorambucil
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
*Cyclophosphamide
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity, HEMORRHAGIC CYSTITIS, ^ risk of BLADDER CANCER
Mephlalam
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
Thiotoepa
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
Busulfan
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
Decarbazine
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
Carmustine
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Brain

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity
Lomustine
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Leukemia

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: Brain, lympohoma
Streptozocin
Anti-cancer: Alkylating Agent

U: Islet Cell Carcinoma (Pancrease)

M: Alkylates DNA -> cross-linking of baes -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: myelotoxicity

"STrEPped on my pancreas!"
Cisplatin
Anti-cancer: Non-alkylating Crosslinking

M: NO ALKYLATION, crosslinking DNA -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: NEPHROTOXICITY
Carboplatin
Anti-cancer: Non-alkylating Crosslinking

M: NO ALKYLATION, crosslinking DNA -> abnormal base paring -> STRAND BREAKAGE

SE: MYELOSUPPRESSION
Methotrexate
Anti-cancer: Antimetabolite

M: FOLATE analog: inhibition of pyrimidine AND purine syn

prodrug of Mercaptopurine
Mercaptopurine
Anti-cancer: Antimetabolite

M: ADENINE analog: inhibits de novo syn of purines

from prodrug Methotraxate
5-Flurouracil
Anti-cancer: Antimetabolite

Also ANTIFUNGAL for CRYPTOCOCCUS & CANDIDA

Solid Cancer Txmt

Thymidine/Uracil analog

CONTRA: *DPD deficiency

-must be monitored for toxicity
Cytarabine
Anti-cancer: Antimetabolite

M: Cytidine analog
Fludarabine
Anti-cancer: Antimetabolite

PURINE analog -> inhibit DNA synthesis
Gemcitabine
Anti-cancer: Antimetabolite

PYRIMIDINE analog
Imantinib
aka Gleevec

Anticancer

tyrosine kinase inhibitor

CML Txmt (ABL gene)

"IM GLEE for TK/CML!!"

IM = Imantinib
GLEE = Gleevab
Trastuzumab
Breast Cancer txmt

Monoclonal Ab for erbB2 receptor
Daunomycin
Anticancer: Antibiotic

Acts on TOPOISOMERASE II

SE: CARDIOMYOPATHY
Idarubicin
Anticancer: Antibiotic

Acts on TOPOISOMERASE II
Doxorubicin
Anticancer: Antibiotic

M: Intercalates into DNA strand & Oxidized Fe & Cu to produce oxygen fee radicals that damage DNA

SE: CARDIOMYOPATHY
Bleomycin
Anticancer: Antibiotic

M: Intercalates into DNA strand & Oxidized Fe & Cu to produce oxygen fee radicals that damage DNA

SE: PULMONARY TOXICITY
Tamoxifen
Anticancer: Hormonal

Estrogen receptor antagonist

Breast Cancer
Dactinomycin
Anticancer: Antibiotic

PEDIATRIC solid tumors and choriocarcinomas

M: inhibiits DNA trnascription -> blocks RNA polymerase -> DNA brekas
Leuprolide
Gonadotropin-realeaseing hormone analog

Prostate cancer
Mitocycin
Anticancer: Antibiotic

SE: THROMBOCYTOPENIA
Vincristine
Anticancer: Antispindle, Vinca alkaloids

M: binds tubuline preventing polymerization of MT -> arrests cell at metaphase -> Cell death

SE: NEUROTOXICITY (not myelosuppresion!)

PLANT ALKALOID GROUP
Vinblastine
Anticancer: Antispindle, Vinca alkaloids

M: binds tubuline preventing polymerization of MT -> arrests cell at metaphase -> Cell death

SE: MYELOSuPPPRESSION

PLANT ALKALOID GROUP
Paclitaxel
Anticancer: Antispindle, Taxanes

M: binds tubuline & STABILIZES -> arrests cell at metaphase -> Cell death

COLON CANCER is RESISANT b/c of efflux pumps

PLANT ALKALOID GROUP
Docetaxel
Anticancer: Antispindle, Taxanes

M: binds tubuline & STABILIZES -> arrests cell at metaphase -> Cell death

COLON CANCER is RESISANT b/c of efflux pumps

PLANT ALKALOID GROUP
Irenotecan
Anticancer: Topomerase I inhibitor

M; Topomerase I inhibition -> single strand break -> cell death/apoptosis

SE: myelosuppression & DIARRHEA

PLANT ALKALOID GROUP
Etoposide
Anticancer: Topomerase II inhibitor

M; Topomerase II inhibition -> single strand break -> cell death/apoptosis

SE: myelosuppression & ALOPECIA

PLANT ALKALOID GROUP
Cyclosporine
Immunosuppressant: T Cell Blocker

Organ Trasplant, RA, Psoriasis

M: Binds CYCLOPHILIN -> Complex inhibits calcineurin -> v IL-2 production -> T cells
Tacrolimus (FK506)
Immunosuppressant: T Cell Blocker

Organ Transplant

More potent & less SE than cyclosporine
M: Binds FKBP -> Complex inhibits calcineurin -> v IL-2 production -> T cells

Nephrotoxicity
Sirolimus
Immunosuppressant: T Cell Blocker

Organ Transplant, ANTIFUNGAL agent

USED IN ACUTE REJECTION

M: Binds FKBP -> DOES NOT inhibit calcineurin -> v IL-2 production -> T cells & B CELLS!

Less nephrotoxitcity than cyclosporine and Tacrolimus (possibly due to lack of calcineurin inhibition)
Azathioprine
Immunosuppressant: cytotoxic Agent (Purine Syn Inhibitior)

M: ADENINE analog; ihibits de novo synthesis of PURINES

SE: **ALLOPURINOL INTERACTION**

Allopurinol inhibits XO, which inactivates 6-MP (azathioprine) -> PANCYTOPENIA
Mycophenolate
Immunosuppressant: cytotoxic Agent (Purine Syn Inhibitior)

M: inhibits IMP dehydrogenase; ihibits de novo synthesis of PURINES
Cyclophosphamide
Immunosuppressant: cytotoxic Agent

M: DNA crosslinks between and within DNA strands. This leads to cell death

Better known of LIVER transplants

SE: HEMORAGIC CYSTITIS, BLADDER NEOPLASMS

"Im gonna go cyclo on my hemorage cystitis bladder!!"
Leflunomide
Immunosuppressant: cytotoxic Agent (Pyrimidine Syn Inhibitior)

M: inhibits dihydroorotate dehydrogenase; inhibits de novo synthesis of PYRIMIDIES

SE: Alopecia
OKT3
Immunosuppressant: Antibody Reagents

M: Murine monoclonal Ab to T3 (CD3) ag of T Cells
Basiliximab
Immunosuppressant: Antibody Reagents

"Li-mabs"

M: Human monoclonal Ab that block IL2 receptor (CD25) on T lymphocytes
Daclizumab
Immunosuppressant: Antibody Reagents

"Li-mabs"

M: Human monoclonal Ab that block IL2 receptor (CD25) on T lymphocytes
Etanercept
Immunosuppressant: Cytokine Inhibitor

U: Autoimmune disease (RA, Crohn Disease)

M: Human monoclonal Ab that binds TNF-alpha

SE: LUPUS-like syndrome

"EI EI LUPUUUUUUS...TNF-alpha now"
Infliximab
Immunosuppressant: Cytokine Inhibitor

U: Autoimmune disease (RA, Crohn Disease)

M: Human monoclonal Ab that binds TNF-alpha

SE: LUPUS-like syndrome

"EI EI LUPUUUUUUS...TNF-alpha now"
Side effect for Propothiouracil?
Agranulocytosis & Aplastic anemia
When do you use Liothyronine?
Myxedema coma
SE of alendronate?
Bisphosphonate - used to tx OSTEOPOROSIS; inhibits Osteoclasts

SE - esophageal erosion
What drugs antagonizze thyroid hormone?
B Blockers (ie propanolol)
Inhibits HMG-CoA reductase and thus block cholesterol syn?

Main effect?

SE?
MOA for Fluvastatin

reduction in Total cholesterol and LDL

SE = ^ liver fxn tests, MYOSISTIS & RHABDOMYOLYSIS
Inhibits lipolysis in adipose tissue, reduing the availabe fatty acid in liver for VLDL and TG syn

Main effect?

SE?
MOA for Niacin

^ HDL

SE = FLUSHING, PURITIES (itching), glucose intolerance, HYPERURICEMIA, & GOUT
Activates lipoprotein lipase

Main effect?

SE?
MOA for Fibrate

v TG

SE = Gi distress, anemia
Bind blie acinds in intestin and inhibtis recycling in ileum

Main effect?

SE?
MOA for Cholestyramine (Sequesterin)

Usually used w/ STATIN to v LDL

SE: Bloating, STEATTHOREA, difficult to take, can affect absorption of medicine
Meloxicam
LONG duration NON-Cox selective NSAID

SE: gastritis
Piroxicam
LONG duration NON-Cox selective NSAID

SE: gastritis
Indomethacin
NON-Cox selective NSAID

SE: gastritis
Celecoxib's SE?
Sulfa rxn

THROMBOSIS - b/c inhibits prostacycline & not TXA2 which is a procoagulant

Same SE for all Cox-2 selective NSAIDs...
COX-2 have bad interactions iwth what 2 drugs?
1) B-Blockers (propanolol)

2) SSRIs
Can use penicillin for what 3 infections?
1) Group A strep

2) N. menigitis

3) Syphilis
Clavulanate?
Penicillinase Inhibitor (use with amoxicillin)
DOC for Listeria?
Ampicillin
What 3 bacteria to NOT use cephalosporins against?
1)MRSA

2)Enterococci

3)Listeria monocytogenes
SE for Sulfonamides?

MOA?

Cool feature?
1) STEVENS-JOHNSON SYN

2) Crystal-induced nephropathy

3) In patients WITH G6PD deficiency = Intravasuclar hemolysis and ANEMIA

4)FETUS = KERNICTERUS

PABA analog inhibting dihydropteroate syn inhibiting PURINE syn

CNS penetration
Trimethoprim MOA?
FOLATE analong inhibting dihydropteroate syn inhibiting PURINE syn

Used with Solfonmaides
SE of General Tetracyclines?

Additional for Demeclocyline? Minocycline?
1) Phototoxic SKIN RXN

2) Fatty liver

3)Tooth discoloration


Demenclocycline = Nephrogenic diabetes insipidus

Minocycline = Vertigo, ataxia
Erythromycin binds what causing GI motility (N/V)?
Motilin
Clindamycin treats?
Anaerobic bacteria & Bacteroides fragilis

No effect on aerobic G-

Clindamycin = Closet (anaerobic)

causes SE of C difficile colitis
SE of Aminolycosides?

Only AG taken orally & therefore no need for renal adjustment

AG used as aerosol for children?
1) Nephrooxicity

2) Ototoxicity

3) Vestibulotoxicity = NM Blockade/Ataxia


Neomycin

Tobramycin
Production of what enzyme inactivates AGs (confers bacterial reistance)

Concetration dependent killing? (y/n)

Post-antiiotic effect?
Transferase enzyme

Yes

Yes
Fluroquinolone SE
1) Arthropathy/Tendinitis

2) Hyper/Hypoglycemia (BOTH?@)

3) Photosensitivity


Also is Concertration DEPENDENT killing and POST-antibiotic effect
VanA resistance has terminal?

Vancomycin cidal exception?
D-alanyl-D-LACTATE

Baericidal for all G+ except ENTEROCOCCI = BacterioSTATIC)

Also Post antibiotic effect
Last-ditch effert for Vanc resistant illness?

SE of drug?
Linezolid

1) CYTOPENIAS (w/ > 2 weeks use)

2) SEROTONIN SYN
SE of Daptomycin?
Skeletal MYOPATHY & Peripheral NEUROPATHY
Invermectin usd to treat?
Anti-Protozoal

Strongyloids (Nematodes) ONLY b/c only nematodes have GABA receptors
Iodoquinol
Anti-Protozoal

Effective against AMOEBIASIS
Sodium Antimoney Gluconate
Anti-Protozoal

Effective against LEISHMANIASIS by inhibiting PFK thereby depleting energy
Black urine caused by?
Anti-Malarials: Chloroquine & Amodiaquine

Affective against RBC stage ONLY (ineffective against Tissue stages)
Primaquine

CONTRA?
Anti-Malarial

Effective against TISSUE stages (ineffective against rbc stages)

Radical cure for P vivax & ovale

CONTRA: patients with G6PD Deficiency -> intavascular hemolysis & ANEMIA
Pyrimethamine
Anti-Malarial: DHFR Inhibitors (folate analogs)

"iMeths"
Trimethoprim
Anti-Malarial: DHFR Inhibitors (folate analogs)

"iMeths"
SE of Isonizazid?
1) PELLAGRA

2) Age-dependent HEPATITIS

3) v VITAMIN B6 (supplements needed)

4) Drug inteactions with anticonvulsants - Phenytoin, Carbamezepine
Antidote for Cyanide poisoning?
Sodium Nitrate

Sodium Thiosulfate
Antidote for Methanol poisoning?
Methypyrazole & Ethanol

Prevent toxicity by INHIBITING METABOLISM to formic acid
Benzene poisoning causes?
Leukemia & aplastic anemia
Acetaminophen OD antidote?
Oral N-Acetylcystteine

Prevent toxicity by METABOLISM; brings v NAPQI (toxic intermediate; makes more GSH available)
All toxic metals antidote?
Metal Chelators:

1) Succimer

2) EDTA = SE: may remove essential metals such as Zn
Senna
Laxative: Stimulant
Cascara
Laxative: Stimulant
Sulfasalazine
Tx Inflammatory Bowel Disease

formed by Sulfapyridine + 5-ASA

SE: sulfapyridine causes a lot of toxicities
Olsalazine
Tx Inflammatory Bowel Disease

formed by 2 5-ASA

no SE from sulfapyridine
St Johns Wort
Tx Depression

contains HYPERICINE - bind FXR receptor and ^ drug (ie cyclosporin & theophyline) metabolism by CYP450

CONTRA = MAO inhibitors
Echinacea
Tx common cold/flu

CONTRA: immunosuppressants (ie corticosteroids)
Cranberry Exract
Tx UTI
Garlic
contains antioxidants: 1)Indole-3-cabinol & 2)Allicin

CONTRA: NSAIDs (ie aspirin, ibuprofen, acetominophen, etc)
Ginseng
contains antioxidants: 1)Indole-3-cabinol & 2)Allicin

CONTRA: NSAIDs (ie aspirin, ibuprofen, acetominophen, etc)
CAM's not used anymore
Yohimbe, coMfrey, Chaparral, ephedrA

"YMCA"
Genistein
Binds esrogen B receptors selectively

has many antioxidant properties