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9 Cards in this Set

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additive effect
result of a drug interaction that occurs when two drugs with similar actions are given together, also called synergistic effect
adverse drug event (ADE)
an injury caused by a medication or failure to administer an intended medication; may or may not be preventable; may or may not cause harm; includes all ADR's but is not always caused by an ME; also includes expected or anticipated side effects of medications
adverse drug reaction (ADR)
an UNEXPECTED, unintended, undesired, or excessive response to a medication; may or may not be preventable; may or may not cause patient harm; all ADRs are ADEs but not all ADEs are ADRs
agonist
a drug that binds to and stimulates the activity of one or more biochemical receptor types in the body, resulting in stimulatory or agonistic drug effects
antagonist
a drug that binds to and inhibits the activity of one or more biochemical receptor types in the body, resulting in inhibitory or antagonistic drug effects; also called inhibitors
antagonisitic effect
a drug interaction that results in combined drug effects that are less than those that could be achieved if either drug were given alone
bioavailability
term used to quantify the extent of drug absorption
chemical name
the name that describes a drug's chemical composition and molecular structure
contraindication
any condition, including any current or recent drug therapy, especially related to disease states or other patient characteristics, that renders a particular form of treatment improper or undesirable