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92 Cards in this Set

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ANAPHYLAXIS
hypersensitive reaction to a drug or foreign organism
ANTACID
gastrointestinal drug that reduces acid in the stomach
ANTIBIOTIC
chemical substance used to kill or prevent the growth of bacteria
ANTIARRHYTHMIC
cardiovascular drug that helps restore heart rhythm to a regular cycle
ANTICOAGULANT
drugs used to inhibit the clotting of blood
ANTICONVULSANT
drugs given for treatment of seizures
ANTINAUSEANT
drugs given to prevent vomiting and nausea
BACTERIA
tiny one celled forms of life that cause many diseases and infections
BRAND/TRADE NAME
commercial name for the drug
CARDIOTONIC
drug that promotes the muscle tone or contractility of the heart
CATHARTIC
drugs used to treat constipation
ANTIVIRAL
drugs used specifically to treat viral infections
ANTIFUNGAL
treats fungal infections
ANTISEPTIC
chemical agents that kill or prevent the growth of microorganisms
CHEMICAL NAME
chemical formula of a drug
DIURETIC
drug used to increase the production of urine
EMETIC
agent that promotes vomiting
GENERIC NAME
the legal non-commercial name of a drug
INFLAMMATION
pain, redness, swelling that usually develops in response to injury or illness
LAXATIVE
weak cathartic
MICROORGANISM
organism that is too small to see with the naked eye
PHARMACIST
a person licensed to prepare and dispense prescribed medication to a patient
PHARMACOLOGY
the study of drugs, their properties, uses, applications and effects
PHARMACY
area where drugs are prepared and dispensed by a pharmacist
PRESCRIPTION
a drug that has been ordered or prescribed by a physician to treat the patient
PURGATIVE
a strong cathartic
SULFONAMIDES
bacteriostatic agents
SUPPOSITORY
medicated substance mixed in a solid base that melts when placed in the body (rectum/vagina)
AMPOULE
a small glass vial sealed to keep contents sterile
CAPSULE
a gelatin container in which a drug is enclosed
COMPOUND
two or more chemicals united chemically into one substance
ELIXIR
a sweetened, usually alcoholic liquid used with medicinal agents
ENTERIC COATED
a coating on a drug which permits it to pass through the stomach and dissolve in the small intestine
INHALER
a device for administering medication by inhaling
IRRIGATING SOLUTIONS
(LAVAGE)
the cleansing of a canal cavity or wound by washing with water or other fluids to remove irritants or poisons
GAVAGE
introducing of liquid food into the stomach by way of a nasogastric tube placed either through the nose or mouth
LOZENGE
solid medication held in mouth until it dissolves
OINTMENT
a semi-solid usually greasy and medicated preparation for application to the skin
PLACEBO
an inactive substance resembling a medication but with no medicinal effect
SUPPOSITORY
a medicated substance mixed in a solid base that melts when placed in the body opening (rectum/vagina)
SUSPENSION
a fine particle drug suspended in a suitable liquid
TABLET
a solid dose of a drug in a disk form
TOPICAL
a direct application of a medication to the skin, ear, eye, or other body part
VIAL
a small glass container for medications
AMP
ampule
CAP
capsule
ELIX
elixir
EC
enteric coated
SUPP
suppository
SUSP
suspension
TAB
tablet
GTT
drops
UNG
ointment
Q____H
every ____ hour
OD
everyday
Q2DAYS
every 2nd day
PC
after meals
AC
before meals
PRN
whenever necessary
STAT
immediatly / at once
MR X 1
may repeat X 1
BID
twice a day
TID
three times a day
QID
four times a day
HS
at bedtime
COMP
compound
MOM
milk of magnesia
PEN
penicillin
MCG
microgram
MG
milligram
GM
gram
CC
cubic centimeter
ML
millilitre
U
unit
MEQ
milliequivalents
LAX
laxative
SR
sustained release
CPS
compendium of pharmaceutical and specialties
IM
intramuscularly
(injection into the muscle)
IV
intravenously
(injection into veins)
PO
orally
(by mouth)
SC
subcutaneously
(under the skin)
SL
sublingually
(under the tongue)
PR
per rectum
(rectum)
BETA BLOCKERS
lower blood pressure by decreasing the heart rate by blocking adrenoline
ACE INHIBITORS
lower blood pressure by inhibiting angiotension converting enzyme
CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS
lower blood pressure by blocking calcium
VASODILATOR
lower blood pressure by relaxing the blood vessel wall
ANTIANGINAL AGENTS
drug used to treat angina
HISTAMINE H2 RECEPTOR ANTAGONISTS
treats ulcers by reducing gastric secretions
ULCERATIVE COLITIS THERAPY
treatment for ulcerative colitis
UPPER GI MOTILITY MODIFIER
manages symptoms of upper GI motility disorder