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39 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a. stimulation
Euphoria is a sign of CNS:

a. stimulation
b. depression
b. Aniline derivatives
Which of the following drugs is likey to cause permanent kidney or liver damage if used chronically?

a. Salicylates
b. Aniline derivatives
c. both A and B
d. Neither a nor b
a. almost always
Analgesics with chiefly central action on the CNS are associated with drug abuse and physical dependence.

a. almost always
b. sometimes
c. never
d. all of the above
Side effects of barbiturates include:

a. drowsiness
b. impaired judgement
c. dizziness
d. all of the above
e. Only a and c of the above
c. both a and b
Side effects of antipsyhcotic agents include:

a. sedation
b. anticholinergic effects
c. both a and b
d. neither a nor b
b. false
Nonbarbiturate sedative-hypnotics are better to use than barbiturates because they are less likely to be addictive.

a. true
b. false
d. Mania
Lithium is used to treat:

a. Epilepsy
b. Parkinsonism
c. Temporary depression
d. Mania
e. Schizophrenia
b. False
Intravenous anesthetics are considered safer than inhalation anesthetics because intravenous anesthetics do not have toxic effect of decreasing blood pressure.

a. True
b. False
c. Depression
Tricyclics may be used to treat:

a. Epilepsy
b. Parkinsonism
c. Depression
d. Anxiety
e. Schizophrenia
a. true
Antiepileptic agents may cause blood disease such as anemia.

a. true
b. false
c. amphetamines
Used to treat hyperkinetic children

a. cocaine
b. barbiturates
c. amphetamines
d. tricyclics
e. Xanthines
e. Xanthines
Used to treat asthma

a. cocaine
b. barbiturates
c. amphetamines
d. tricyclics
e. Xanthines
a. true
A possible side effect of the tricyclics is hypotension.

a. true
b. false
c. Generally increases the excitability of the CNS
A CNS stimulant is defined as a drug that:

a. stimulates any one area of the brain
b. stimulates more areas of the brain than it depresses
c. Generally increases the excitability of the CNS
d. all of the above must be included in a complete definition
e. only a and b of the above are required for a complete definition
e. Dopamine and Ach in balance with each other
Symptoms of Parkinson's Disease seem to be prevented by proper amounts of:

a. NE
b. Dopamine
c. Ach
d. NE and dopamine in balance with each other
e. Dopamine and Ach in balance with each other
b. Levo-dopa
Although there is controversy developing, the most dramatically effective agent for treating Parkinson's disease and the current agent of choice is:

a. Phenobarbital
b. Levo-dopa
c. Tricyclics
d. Phenothiazines
e. MAO inhibitors
b. false
Barbiturates are given as a sleeping aid when a patient cannot sleep as a result of pain.

a. true
b. false
a. true
A given dose of a sedative can cause relief of anxiety one time and sleep another time if it is administered with greater frequency.

a. true
b. false
b. false
The nonbarbiturate sedative-hypnotic have an advantage over the barbiturates in that they are not physically addicting. They are only psychologically addicting.

a. true
b. false
a. true
Barbiturates are sometimes used in the treatment of epilepsy.

a. true
b. false
a. true
A common side effect of the narcotic analgesics is nausea and vomiting.

a. true
b. false
d. all of the above
A nonnarcotic analgesic differs from a narcotic analgestic in that the nonnarcotic compound:

a. does not cause addiction
b. acts more on the periphery than on the CNS
c. does not relieve as severe intensity of pain
d. all of the above
e. only a and c of the above
b. Dopamine
Identify the neurotransmitter most responsible for the following disorders.

Schizophrenia

a. Ach
b. Dopamine
c. NE
d. Epinephrine
c. NE
Identify the neurotransmitter most responsible for the following disorders.

Anxiety

a. Ach
b. Dopamine
c. NE
d. Epinephrine
c. be used chronically
For a drug to be abused it must:

a. result in tolerance being produced
b. be used in excessive amounts
c. be used chronically
d. all of the above
b. Requires that the drug dose be increased to maintain a desired effect while psychological dependence does not
Physical dependence DIFFERS from psychological dependence in that physical dependence:

a. creates a compulsion to take the drug while psychological dependence does not
b. Requires that the drug dose be increased to maintain a desired effect while psychological dependence does not
c. affects a user in detrimental ways while psychological dependence does not
d. all of the above are correct
e. none of the above are correct
e. cocaine
Used as a local anesthetic

a. Xanthines
b. Aniline derivatives
c. Amphetamines
d. Tricyclics
e. cocaine
c. Amphetamines
Used to treat hyperkinetic children

a. Xanthines
b. Aniline derivatives
c. Amphetamines
d. Tricyclics
e. cocaine
a. Xanthines
Used in the treatment of asthma

a. Xanthines
b. Aniline derivatives
c. Amphetamines
d. Tricyclics
e. cocaine
b. Anesthetic
Drug given as a dose to depress the CNS to a depress that causes loss of consciousness is called:

a. Hypnotic
b. Anesthetic
c. Analgesic
d. sedative
e. Psychotropic
a. Nonnarcotic analgesics
Aniline derivatives are classified as:

a. Nonnarcotic analgesics
b. Antiepileptic agents
c. Antipsychotic agents
d. CNS stimulants
e. Antidepressants
a. true
The narcotic analgesics may be used as antitussives.

a. true
b. false
e. decreased respiratory movement
Which of the following is NOT one of the major goals of balances anesthesia.

a. Amnesia
b. Loss of consciousness
c. Muscle relaxation
d. analgesia
e. decreased respiratory movement
c. have a short time of onset
Generally speaking, anesthetics given intravenously:

a. Are considere local anesthetics
b. have a long duration of action
c. have a short time of onset
d. all of above are true
e. only b and c of the above are true
d. sedation
A major side effect of the antiepileptic agents is:

a. anxiety
b. hypnotic
c. seizures
d. sedation
e. hallucinations
c. either increasing or decreasing their concentration depending upon the drug
In general, central nervous system drugs are thought to act on brain and spinal cord neurotransmitters by:

a. Increasing their concentration at the synapse
b. decreasing their concentration at the synapse
c. either increasing or decreasing their concentration depending upon the drug
a. stimulation
Euphoria

a. stimulation
b. depression
a. stimulation
Convulsions

a. stimulation
b. depression
c. decrease inflammation
Nonsalicylates, nonnarcotic analgesics (such as the acetaminophen found in Tylenol) differ from aspirin (a salicylate) in that the nonsalicylate does not:

a. Relieve pain as effectively
b. Relieve a fever
c. decrease inflammation
d. all of the above are differences
e. Only b and c of the above are differences