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30 Cards in this Set

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drugs w/ cholinergic effects
both muscarinic and nicotinic agonists
drugs w/ cholinergic effects
muscarinic drugs chiefly for G.I. or urinary effect. May also affect eye pupil and focus. Nicotinic drugs chiefly for skeletal muscle effect.
1. helps treat postoperative ileus retention (muscarinic).

2. help treat postoperative urinary retention (muscarinic)

3. Glaucoma (muscarinic)
4. Termination of curare (paralytic drug) action
5. Myasthenia Gravis (autoimmune disease -motor end plates less responsive to Ach) (nicotinic)
What are the therapeutic effects of CHOLINERGIC AGONISTS (muscarinic and nicotinic agonists)?
Drugs w/cholinergic effects

(therapeutic effects)
1. helps treat postoperative ileus retention (muscarinic).

2. help treat postoperative urinary retention (muscarinic)

3. Glaucoma (muscarinic)
4. Termination of curare (paralytic drug) action
5. Myasthenia Gravis (autoimmune disease -motor end plates less responsive to Ach) (nicotinic)
muscarinic
helps treat postoperative ileus retention

what type of cholinergic drug does this?
muscarinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this?

help treat postoperative urinary retention
muscarinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this?

help w/Glaucoma
nicotinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this?


Termination of curare (paralytic drug) action
nicotinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this?

helps w/ Myasthenia Gravis (autoimmune disease -motor end plates less responsive to Ach)
1. G.I. - cramps and/or diarrhea, nausea, excess salivation (muscarinic)
2. May cause urinary urgency (muscarinic)
3. Vasodilation (feeling of warmth, faintness, nausea) (muscarinic)
4. Sweating (muscarinic)
What are the side effects for drugs with CHOLINERGIC EFFECTS?
nausea
urinary
faintness
1. G.I. - cramps and/or diarrhea, _______, excess salivation (muscarinic)
2. May cause _______ urgency (muscarinic)
3. Vasodilation (feeling of warmth, __________, nausea) (muscarinic)
4. Sweating (muscarinic)
side effects for drugs with CHOLINERGIC EFFECTS
1. G.I. - cramps and/or diarrhea, nausea, excess salivation (muscarinic)
2. May cause urinary urgency (muscarinic)
3. Vasodilation (feeling of warmth, faintness, nausea) (muscarinic)
4. Sweating (muscarinic)
muscarinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this side effect?

G.I. - cramps and/or diarrhea, nausea, excess salivation
muscarinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this side effect?

May cause urinary urgency
muscarinic
what type of cholinergic drug does this side effect?

Vasodilation (feeling of warmth, faintness, nausea)
(muscarinic)
What cholinergic drug do this side effect?

Sweating
Toxic effects

(Toxic effects w/cholinergic effects)
a. blurred far vision, ciliary spasm
b. tearing and nose running
c. bronchiole constriction and hypersecretion
d. elevated blood pressure

What is this? (therapeutic effects, toxic effects, or side effects)
Autonomic (involuntary)

(Toxic effects w/cholinergic effects)
a. blurred far vision, ciliary spasm
b. tearing and nose running
c. bronchiole constriction and hypersecretion
d. elevated blood pressure

What is this? (autonomic or somatic)
blurred
nose
hypersecretion
blood
a. _______ far vision, ciliary spasm
b. tearing and ____ running
c. bronchiole constriction and __________
d. elevated ______ pressure
a. blurred far vision, ciliary spasm
b. tearing and nose running
c. bronchiole constriction and hypersecretion
d. elevated blood pressure
What are the toxic effects for the autonomic (involuntary) cholinergic drugs?
muscle twitching - esp. muscles in the face
What are the toxic effects for the somatic(voluntary) cholinergic drugs?
a. dreams and nightmares
b. restlessness and anxiety
c. convulsions, coma, respiratory failure

contraindication/caution: extreme stimulation
What are the toxic CNS effects of cholinergic drugs?
CNS effects from cholinergic drugs
a. dreams and nightmares
b. restlessness and anxiety
c. convulsions, coma, respiratory failure

contraindication/caution: extreme stimulation
CNS effect
neither muscarinic nor nicotinic, i.e. not peripheral, but central
voluntary muscle

toxic effects of cholinergic effects
muscle twitching - esp. muscles in the face
muscarinic
blurred far vision, ciliary spasm


muscarinic or nicotinic?
muscarinic
tearing and nose running


muscarinic or nicotinic?
muscarinic
bronchiole constriction and hypersecretion

muscarinic or nicotinic?
nicotinic
elevated blood pressure


muscarinic or nicotinic?
nicotinic
muscle twitching - esp. muscles in the face

muscarinic or nicotinic?