Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

44 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
1. Morphine is classified as all of the following except:
a. CNS depressant
b. Opioid analgesic
c. Opiate
d. anti-inflammatory agent
The drug name patented by the manufacturer is the:
The process that occurs between the time a drug enters the body and the time it enters the bloodstream is referred to as
Excretion may be increased when
protein binding is impaired
The blood-brain barrier
does not allow many medications to penetrated the brain for therapeutic effect
Specify the order of absorption from most rapid to least rapid
If a medication is ordered to be given intrathecally, it will be administered into the
cerebrospinal fluid
In a toddler, the most important factor when administering medication is the
weight of the child
Mr. J., who is admitted for a myocardial infarction, is started on nitroglycerin. His blood pressure drops. This is due to:
central nervous system depression
Your client has been taking morphine q2h for chronic pain associated with cancer. It is important to assess him or her for:
respiratory depression
Tylenol #3 consists of acetaminophen (Tylenol) and
The following drug is used to reverse the effects of opiods
naloxone hydrochloride (Narcan)
Your client will receive fentanyl via patch. For management of pain control using this method, the nurse is aware that fentanyl:
lasts 3 days
16. When you question a client with chronic pain about current medication, he states, “I am taking oxycodone/aspirin (Percodan), which used to help, but now the effect lasts for a short time.” This probably indicates:
Aspirin works by:
blocking transmission of pain impulse
18. A potentially serious side effect that a person using indomethacin (Indocin) should be aware of is:
a. agranulocytosis
b. bone marrow depression
c. elevated serum potassium levels
d. dysrhythmias
19. The only NSAID that can be administered intramuscularly is:
a. Etodolac (Lodine)
b. Nabumetone (Relafen)
c. Sulindac (Clinoril)
d. ketorolac (Toradol)
20. Your client has diabetes mellitus, angina, peptic ulcer disease, and asthma. For which one of these problems would you alert the physician before commencing treatment for moderate to severe migraine headaches:
peptic ulcer disease
Manifestations of salicylism or salicylate intoxication include:
tinnitus and decreased hearing
22. A major drawback to acetaminophen is potential:
a. liver damage
23. Aspirin is not recommended for use in children because of its association with:
a. Reye’s syndrome
24. One of the problems associated with barbiturate use is:
a. tolerance and dependence
25. Therapeutic effects of benzodiazepines usually occur in:
a. 2 to 3 days
26. You know that your teaching has been effective if a client who is taking a benzodiazepine states:
a. “I know this drug needs to be gradually tapered before discontinuation.”
27. Thorazine (chlorpromazine) and Compazine(prochlorperazine) can also be used for:
a. intractable hiccups
28. During the initial phase of therapy with psychotherapeutic drugs:
a. a low therapeutic dose is given initially, then increased gradually until symptoms are eliminated or reduced
29. Phenothiazines treat nausea and vomiting by blocking the following receptors:
a. dopamine
30. Fluoxetine hydrochloride (Prozac):
a. inhibits reuptake of serotonin
31. A client is admitted to your unit because of a tricyclic antidepressant overdose. The following nursing diagnosis would be a priority:
a. respiratory failure related to CNS depression
32. Clients taking an MAO inhibitor should be monitored frequently for:
a. hypertension
33. The drug commonly used to prevent seizures in a person with a head injury is:
a. carbamazepine (Tegretol)
b. valproic acid (Depakene)
c. phenytoin (Dilantin)
d. Phenobarbital
34. Abrupt withdrawal of antiseizure agents may precipitate:
a. respiratory arrest
35. Adverse reactions seen in individuals taking large doses of centrally acting muscle relaxants include:
a. hypotension
36. Before administering an IV muscle relaxant, you should inform the client that he or she may experience transient:
a. blurred vision and flushing
37. An expected outcome after the administration of methylphenidate (Ritalin) is:
a. decreased hyperactivity
38. The following statement by the parents of a child receiving methylphenidate indicates that they understand how the drug is to be used:
a. “We will monitor his height and his weight.”
39. When cholinergic drugs are administered, the nurse should observe the client for which one of the following adverse effects:
a. bronchoconstriction
40. An expected outcome of the administration of adrenergic agents is:
a. bronchodilation
41. The use of isoproterenol (Isuprel) is contraindicated in persons with the following condition:
a. tachycardia
42. The drug of choice for treating shock due to an anaphylactic reaction is:
a. epinephrine (Adrenalin)
43. Adverse reactions to bets-adrenergic blockers that the nurse should make the client aware of before discharge include:
a. hypotension
44. Your client, who has been receiving bethanechol (Urecholine) for 1 week, develops sweating, flushing, abdominal cramps, and nausea. A possible explanation for the appearance of these symptoms is:
a. cholinergic overdose
45. Mr. J. is receiving a cholinergic agent and his pulse drops to 50. The treatment of choice for bradycardia is to administer a/an:
a. anticholinergic drug
46. Atropine is prescribed to treat:
a. bradycardia