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29 Cards in this Set

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Acrivastine
antihistamine
Cetirizine
antihistamine
Desloratadine
antihistamine
Fexofenadine
antihistamine
Loratadine
antihistamine
Antihistamine side effects:
- CNS: sedation

- Anticholinergic effects: dry eyes, blurry vision, urinary retention, constipation, tachycardia, irritability

- Cardiac effects: Prolonged QT, torsades de pointes

- Other (rare): Bone marrow suppression, hemolytic anemia
Cromolyn sodium
- less effective than intranasal corticosteroids
- may be combined with corticosteroids
- requires multiple daily doses
- side effects: sneezing, nasal burning, epistaxis, bad taste
Beclomethasone dipropionate
intranasal corticosteroid
Budesonide
intranasal corticosteroid
Flunisolide
intranasal corticosteroid
Fluticasone
intranasal corticosteroid
Triamcinolone acetonide
intranasal corticosteroid
Mometasone
intranasal corticosteroid
Ipratropium 0.03% nasal spray
Anticholinergic agent
Mild intermittent symptoms
- begin with oral antihistamines
- add decongestant if necess.
- antihistamine intolerant - administer intranasal corticosteroid or begin intranasal cromolyn
Moderate more frequent symptoms
- begin therapy with intranasal corticosteroids
- add oral antihistamine w/ or w/out a decongestant
Moderate persistant symptoms
- begin with a combination regimen
- include intranasal corticosteroid
- regular daily use of an antihistamine-decongestant
Sever symptoms
- initiate therapy with oral prednisone
- follow with intranasal corticosteroids and an oral antihistamine-decongestant
Naphazoline hydrochloride
vasoconstrictor (allergic conjunctivitis)
Ketorolac 0.5%
Topical NSAID (allergic conjunctivitis)
Cromolyn sodium
mast cell stabilizer (allergic conjunctivitis)
Antibiotics
no role in allergic rhinitis
- indicated for acute sinusitis
Budesonide is significantly more effective than ______ in controlling perennial rhinitis.
Cetirizine
Budenoside better prevents relapses for one to two months compared with ______.
Cetirizine
Boric acid (2.75%), isopropyl alcohol
prophylaxis for otitis externa
Isopropyl alcohol (95%), anhydrous glycerin (5%)
prophylaxis for otitis externa
Neomycin sulfate, polymyxin B sulfate, hydrocortisone solution or suspension
management of otitis externa
Ciprofloxacin (0.2%), hydrocortisone (1%) suspension
management of otitis externa
Ofloxacin (0.3%) solution
management of otitis externa