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66 Cards in this Set

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Oxacillin
Cloxacillin
Dicloxacillin
Nafcillin
β-lactamase resistant Penicillin

(Nafcillin = unstable in acid)
Amoxicillin
Ampicillin
Aminopenicillins

(β-lactamase sensitive)
carbenicillin
ticarcillin
piperacillin
Antipseudomonal penicillins

(β-lactamase sensitive)
Cefazolin
Cefalexin
1st generation cephalosporin
Cefoxitin
Cefuroxime
2nd generation cephalosporin
Ceftazidime
Cefoperazone
Ceftriaxone
3rd generation cephalosporin

(Ceftazidime & Cefoperazone = active against Pseudomonas)
(Ceftriaxone = active against gonorrhea, lyme disease, and meningitis)
Imipenem
Aztreonam
Carbapenems

(other β-lactam antibiotics)
Calvulanic acid
Sulbactam
β-lactamase inhibitors

(other β-lactam antibiotics)
Vancomycin
Cycloserine
Bacitracin
Non-β-Lactam drugs

(interfere w/ peptidoglycan synthesis)
neomycin
gentamicin
streptomycin
amikacin
tobramycin
kanamycin
Aminoglycosides
Erythromycin
Clarithromycin
Azithromycin
Macrolides
Doxycycline
Minocycline
Tetracyclines
EDTA
Chelating agent for:
- Lead
- Cadmium
- Antimony
2,3-dimercaptosuccinic acid (Succimer)
Chelating agent for:
- lead
- mercury
2,3-dimercaptopropanol (BAL, Dimercaprol)
Chelating agent for:
- lead
- mercury
Penicillamine
Chelating agent for:
- lead
- mercury
N-acetyl-penicillamine (NAP)
Chelating agent for:
- mercury
- arsenic
Deferoxamine
Chelating agent for:
- Iron
Insulin:
- lispro
- aspart
- glulisine
Rapid-acting w/ fast onset
- injectable

TYPE I
Insulin:
- NPH
Intermediate acting

TYPE I
Insulin:
- glargine
- detemir
Long-acting w/ slow onset

TYPE I
Regular insulin
Short acting

TYPE I
Insulin:
- NPL
- NPA
Pre-mixed insulins
- stable

(NPL + lispro)
(NPA + aspart)
Tolazimide
Glyburide
Glipizide
Sulfonylureas
- hypoglycemic drugs

TYPE II
- Repaglinide
- Nateglinide
Meglitinides
- hypoglycemic drugs

TYPE II
Metformin
Biguanide
- antihyperglycemic drugs

TYPE II
Pioglitazone
Rosiglitazone
Thiazolidinediones
- antihyperglycemic drugs

TYPE II
Acarbose
α-Glucosidase Inhibitor
- antihyperglycemic drugs

TYPE II
Sulfonylureas
Meglitinides

(hint group of drugs)
Hypoglycemic Drugs

(Type II Diabetes)
Biguanides
Thiazolidinediones
α-Glucosidase Inhibitors

(hint: group of drugs)
Antihyperglycemic Drugs

(Type II Diabetes)
Ipecac syrup
Apomorphine
Proemetic drugs
H1 Antihistamine drugs
Anticholinergic drugs
D2 antagonists
5HT3 antagonists
Cannabinoids

(hint: groups of drugs)
Antiemetic drugs
diphenhydramine
meclazine
Antiemetic drugs
- H1 antihistamines
scopalamine
Antiemetic drugs
- anticholinergic drug
Metoclopramide
Promethazine
Antiemetic drugs
- D2 antagonist

(Metoclopramide is also PROKINETIC = 5HT4 agonist)
ondansetron
Antiemetic drugs
- 5HT3 (serotonin) antagonist
Dronabinol
Marijuana
Antiemetic drugs
- cannabinoids
Metoclopramide
Erythromycin
Bethanachol
Prokinetic

Metoclopramide = 5HT4 agonist
Erythromycin = macrolide
Bethanachol = Cholinergic drug

(Metoclopramide is also ANTIEMETIC = D2 antagonist)
Intraluminal agents
Opioids

(hint: group of drugs)
Antidiarrheal agents
Kaopectate
Metamucil
Bismuth salycilate (Peptobismol)
Antidiarrheal agents
- Intraluminal agents
Loperamide
Diphenoxylate
Difenoxin
Antidiarrheal agents
- Opiods

(Loperamide has no CNS effects)
Octreotide
Antidiarrheal agents
- "other agent"

- antisecretory effect & decreases colonic tone
- only for severe AIDS or CT-induced diarrhea
Dietary fiber
Methylcellulose
Psyllium seed husk
"Bulk" laxatives
Magnesium salts
Phosphates
Glycerin
"Saline" laxatives
bisacodyl
castor oil
senna
cascara
Stimulant laxatives
Bicarbonate
Ca²⁺ carbonate
Mg²⁺ or Al³⁺ hydroxide
Antacids
cimetidine
ranitidine
famotidine
nizatidine
H2 Receptor antagonists

(cimetidine inhibits CYP3A4)
omeprazole
lansoprazole
Proton Pump Inhibitors (PPI)
misoprostol
sucralafate
Protective Agents
- protect from acid secretion

(Misoprostol = prostaglandin)
(Sucralafate = sulfated polysaccharide)
amantadine
rimantadine
Antiviral
- Influenza A
acyclovir
ganciclovir
foscarnet
idoxuridine
vidarabine
ribavarine
Antiviral
- Herpes

(foscarnet is a non-nucleoside analog)
zidovudine (AZT)
didanosine
zalcitabine
stavudine
Anti-HIV
- NRTIs
nevirapine
efavirenz
delavirdine
Anti-HIV
- NNRTIs
saquinavir
ritonovir
Anti-HIV
- protease inhibitors
Procaine
Tetracaine
Benzocaine
Local Anesthetics
- Esters

(also cocaine)
Lidocaine
Mepivacaine
Bupivacaine
Local Anesthetics
- Amides
Penicillin G
Penicillin V
Natural Penicillin
mechlorethamine
cycloposphamide
melphalan
chlorambucil
bis-chloroethyl nitrosourea (BCNU)
Alkylating Agents
methotrexate
5-fluorouracil
cytarabine
6-mercaptopurine
Antimetabolites

- methotrexate = folic acid analong
- 5-fluorouracil = pyrimidine analog
- cytarabine = cytidine analog
- 6-mercaptopurine = purine analog
bleomycin
vincristine
vinblastin
actinomycin D
L-asparaginase
daunorubicin
doxorubicin
Natural Products
(anti-neoplastic)
tamoxifen
Hormonal treatment
(anti-neoplastic)
cisplatin
Platinum Coordinating Complex
(anti-neoplastic)

(similar to alkylating agents)
prednisone
prednisolone
Immunosuppressants
- corticosteroids
cyclophosphamide
azathioprine
Immunosuppressants
- Cytotoxic agents
cyclosporine
tacrolimus
Immunosuppressants
- T-Cell suppressants
antithymocyte globulin
muromonoab - CD3
Immunosuppressants
- Antibodies