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8 Cards in this Set

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Increases [bradykinin]

Can cause:
Cough, Angioedema
Captopril

-PRIL
First line ACE inhibitor
Alternative to ACE inhibitor because it does not cause cough side effect
Losartan

-ARTAN
First line competitive antagonist of AT1 receptor
Treats: Gout, glaucoma, Mountain Sickness
Acetazolamide
Side Effect:
Metabolic acidosis

Carbonic anhydrase inhibitor
Treats: Increased cranial P

Used rarely to treat compartment syndrome
Mannitol
Acts as an osmole opposing water reabsorption along the Proximal Convoluted Tubule
Treats: Acute renal failure, hypercalcemia, hyperkalemia
Loop diuretics:
Furosemide (sulfa deriv)
Ethacrynic acid (non-sulfa)
First line agent for edematous states
Treats: HTN, osteoporosis, nephrogenic diabetes insipidus
Hydrochlorothiazide

-THIAZIDE
First line thiazide diuretic
Mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist

Favored in ascites of cirrhosis
Spironolactone
Potassium-Sparing diuretic
First line treatment for Liddle syndrome
Amiloride
Triamterene
Inhibits Na+ channel by blocking ENaC in the distal convoluted tubule

Potassium-Sparing diuretic