Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key


Play button


Play button




Click to flip

22 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Agent that is metabolized to acetaldehyde by alcohol dehydrogenase and microsomal ethanol-oxidizing system (MEOS)
Agent with zero-order kinetics
Rate limiting step of alcohol metabolism
Aldehyde dehydrogenase
System that increases in activity with chronic ethanol exposure and may contribute to tolerance
Enzyme that metabolizes acetaldehyde to acetate
Aldehyde dehydrogenase
Agents that inhibit acetaldehyde dehydrogenase
Disulfiram, metronidazole, certain sulfonylureas and cephalosporins
Agent used in the treatment of alcoholism, if alcohol is consumed concurrently, acetaldehyde builds up and results in nausea, headache, flushing, and hypotension
The most common neurologic abnormality in chronic alcoholics
Peripheral neuropathy (also excessive alcohol use is associated with HTN, anemia, and MI)
Agent that is teratogen and causes a fetal syndrome
Agent that is the antidote for methanol overdose
Ethanol, fomepizole
Drug that inhibits alcohol dehydrogenase and is used in ethylene glycol exposure
heavy drinking for 72 hours predisposes you to what?
course of action for alcoholic presenting with truncal ataxia and ophthalmoplegia
diazepam plus thiamine
MEOS pathway will be maximally activated under condition of low concentrations of
blood level of 500 mg/dL of alcohol is best characterized by…
comatose and near death
consumption of what red colored chemical causes blurred vision like a snowstorm and acidosis?
methanol is metabolized into what?
formaldehyde and formic acid
purpose of ethanol in methanol treatment?
inhibit metabolic production of a toxic metabolite of the poison
regular ingestion of moderate/heavy amounts of alcohol predisposes to hepatic damage after overdose of tylenol because ethanol…
induces liver drug-metabolizing enzymes
alcoholism increases risk for liver disease and what other disease process?
heart failure
combo of ethanol and disulfiram results in nausea/hypotension as a result of accumulation of what?
intense craving of alcohol while trying to recover can be ameliorated by a drug that is an?
antagonist of opioid receptors