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94 Cards in this Set

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Osmolality
280-310 mOsm/kg
sodium level
135-145 mEq/L
potassium level
3.5-5.0 mEq/L
Chloride level
96-100mEq/L
BUN level
8-20 mg/dl
SCr level
0.6-1.2 mg/dL
Calcium level
8.5-10.8 mg/dL
Corrected Ca =???
observed Ca + (normal albumin- observed albumin)
magnesium level
1.5-2.5 mEq/L
Phosphorus level
2.5-5.0 mg/dL
pH level
7.35-7.45
format of ABG
pH / pCO2/ pO2/ HCO3/ O2 sat
pCO2 range
35-45mmHg
pO2 range
80-100mmHg
HCO3 range
24-30 mEq/L
O2 sat
95% or greater
normal anion gap
3-11mEq/L
Anion Gap= ???
(Na)- (Cl+ HCO3)
MULEPAK
methanol ingestion, uremia, lactic acidosis, Ethylene glycol ingestion, paraldehyde ingestion, aspirin intoxication, ketoacidosis
causes of Hypokalemia-
Poor intake, Reduced absorption, increased loss
causes of hyperkalemia-
diminished excretion, increased supply, edocrine diseases, metabolic acidosis, cell lysis, and drugs.
Is Ca2+ active moiety ionized or protein bound?
Ionized
Parathyroid hormone in released in rreponse to ____ Ca2+ levels.
Low
Calcitonin is released in response to ____ Ca2+ levels.
High
Chvostek's sign is characterized by
unilateral spasms
Trousseau's sign is characterized by
carpal spasms after tightening arm.
CAD
coronary artery disease
ASCVD
Atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease
IHD
Ischemic heart disease
NTG
Nitroglycerin
AMI
Acute myocardial infarction
CABG
Coronary artery bypass graft
ACB
Aortocoronary bypass
CK/CPK
Creatine phosphokinase
LD/LDH
Lactic dehydrogenase
SGOT/AST
Serum glutamic oxalacetic transaminase
angina pectoris
myocardial ischemia after exercise
Prinzmetal's/variant angina
chest pain that occurs at rest
stable angina
chest pain after exerciseq
Unstable/crescendo angina
worst case scenerio/occurs at rest/ gets worse over time
chest pain, N/V, diaphoresis, pain in jaw, back or left arm are symptoms of ______.
Mi
ST segment elavation, T wave inversion, appearance of Q wave suggest_____
MI
After taking ___ NTG tablets w/o a result one should go to the hospital.
3
equation for Creatinine clearence.
[(140-age)(wt. in kg)]/72(SrCr)
What is the best test for detecting a MI?
Troponins. The LDH1:LDH2 ratio has a sesitivity of 81% and specificity of 94%.
ST segment elevation indicates___
AMI
Q wave appearance indicates...
occulsion and necrosis
TEE
transesophageal echocardiography
MUGA
multiple gated blood pool imaging
Mg2+____mEq/L
1.5-2.5 mEq/L
Ca2+ ion is inversly proportional to ...
Mg2+
Babinski response is
when the big toe flexes when the foot is rubbed with an instrument
Babinksi reponse is a sign of what deficiency?
hypomagnesemia
Hypomagnesemia is a sign of what kind os substance abuse?
alcohol
T or F :Phosphorus is the princeple urinary buffer.
True
ARF
Acute renal failure
ATN
Acute tubular necrosis
BUN
Bld uria nitrogen
CAPD
Continous ambulatory paritaneal dialysis
CrCl
creatinine clearence
CRF
chronic renal failure
ESRD
end stage renal disease
GFR
glomerular filtratioln rate
HD
hemodialysis
IVP
intravenous pyelograohy
PD
peritaneal dialysis
RF
renal failure
SCr
serum creatinine
UTI
urinary tract infection
anuria
inability to excrete urine
azotemia
excess N in the bld
cystisis
inflammation of the bladder
dysuria
painful urination
enuresis
involuntary urinary discharge
incontinence
inability to clt excretory fxns
micturition
urination
nephrolithiasis
kidney stones
nocturia
urination at night
oliguria
very reduced urination
prostatitis
inflammation of the prostate gland
proteinuria
protein in the urine
pyelonephritis
inflammation of the kidney
uremia
biuld up of waste products in the bld
urosepsis
build up of waste products in bld that go into bodily tissues
voiding
elimination of waste
UhCG
urine human chorionic gonadotropins
U/A
urinalysis
Name the seven types of urine collection.
First morning, fasting, timed, catheter collection, random, clean catch/midstream, double/second voided.
What are the six physicochemical properties you look for in U/A?
Color, volume, odor, appearance, specific gravity, osmolarity
What is the pH range for urine
4.5 - 8.5
ovulation test aka
LH test
pregnancy tests screen for
UhCG
Amitriptyline turns urine
blue green
warfarin turns urine
orange