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57 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
SA node
B1 - increase heart rate
atria
B1 - increase contraction, increase conduction velocity
ventricle
B1 - increase contraction, increase conduction velocity
skin and mucosa arterioles
A1 - constrict
B2 - relax (minor)
liver and SkM arterioles
A1 - constrict (minor)
B2 - relax (predominates)
kidney, ab viscera arterioles
A1 - constrict
A2 - constrict (in some)
B2 - relax (minor)
Coronaries and cerebral blood vessels
A1 - constrict (local regulation predominates)
B2 - relax (local regulation predominates)
Veins
A1 - constrict
A2 - constrict
Bronchial SM
B2 - relax
Intestinal SM nonsphincter
A1 - relax
B2 - relax
Intestinal SM sphincter
A1 - contract
Spleen capsule
A1 - contract
uterus
A1 - contract
B2 - relax
seminal tract
A1 - contract
urinary bladder detrusor
B2 - relax
urinary bladder sphincter and trigone
A1 - contract
iris (radial muscle)
A1 - contract
ciliary muscle
B2 - relax
ciliary epithelial cells
B1 - increase aqueous humor
Trabecular meshwork
B2 - increase outflow of aqueous humor
skeletal muscle
B2 - increase contractility,
increase K+ uptake, increase glycogenolysis
platelets
A2 - aggregation
mast cells
B2 - inhibition of granule release (histamine, leukotriene, 5-HT, etc.)
salivary glands
A1 - K+ and H2O secretion
B1 - amylase secretion
pancrease acini
A1 - decrease secretion
pancrease beta cells of islets
A2 - decreased secretion of insulin
pancrease alpha cells of islets
B2 - increased secretion of glucagon (slight)
kidney
B1 - increased renin release
liver
A1 - glycogenolysis (K+ release)
B2 - glycogenolysis
skin pilomotor muscles
A1 - contract
skin sweat glands
A1 - localized secretion
fat
B3 - lipolysis
Sympathetic nerve endings
A2 - inhibit NE release
Hypothalmus
A2 - inhibit activity of efferent sympathetic outflow to peripheral vascular smooth muscle
Arterioles -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- Sympathetic
- Vasodilation, hypotension
Veins -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- Sympathetic
- Pooling of blood, decreased venous return
Heart (atrial muscle and SA node) -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- Parasympathetic
- Tachycardia (generally)
Iris -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- Parasympathetic
- Mydriasis
Ciliary muscle -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- Parasympathetic
- Cycloplegia
GI tract -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- parasympathetic
- Reduced tone and motility
Urinary bladder -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- parasympathetic
- Urinary retention
Salivary glands -
Predominant Autonomic Tone
Effect of Ganglionic Blockade
- parasympathetic
- Dry mouth
Sphincter muscle of iris -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Contraction (miosis)
Ciliary muscle -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Contraction for near vision
GI Motility -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Increase
GI sphincters -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Relaxation
SA node -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Decrease in rate (negative chronotropy)
atria -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
- Decrease in contractile strength (negative inotropy)
- decrease in refractory period
AV node -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
- Decrease in conduction velocity (negative dromotropy)
- increase in refractory period
ventricles -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
small decrease in contractale strength
arteries -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Constriction (high-dose direct effect)
veins -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
- Dilatation (via EDRF)
- constriction (high-dose direct effect)
Bronchial muscles -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Contraction (bronchoconstriction)
Bronchial glands -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Stimulation
Sweat, salivary, lacrimal, nasopharyngeal glands -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Secretion
urinary Detrusor -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Contraction
urinary Trigone and sphincter -
Effects of Direct-Acting Parasympathomimetic Stimulants
Relaxation