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114 Cards in this Set

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(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide) ADR;
Flushing, dizziness, drowsiness, electrolyte imbalance, glucose, renal failure, liver failure (routine Kidney function & LFT)
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide) CI;
Hypersensitivity, sulfa allergy, hepatic dz, electrolyte insuffieiency, acidosis, severe renal dz.
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide) Precautions;
DM
Elderly
(Carbonic Anhydrase Inhibitors)
Diamox Sequels (acetazolamide) Dosage;
250mg po 1-4x qd
Name some Glaucoma combo drugs;
Combigan (brimonidine & timolol)
Cosopt (dorzolamide & timolol)
Duotrav (travaprost & timolol)
(all are used for Open Angle Glaucoma)
Miotics
Name some Cholinergic Agonists;
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine)
(Cholinergic Agonists)
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine) MOA;
Causes Miosis (abnormal contraction of the pupils)
Less aequeous humor
(Cholinergic Agonists)
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine) Indications;
Chronic simple glaucoma
Angle closure glaucoma
(Cholinergic Agonists)
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine) ADR;
Burning, tearing, opacities, retinal detachment, hypertension, tachycardia, bronchospasm, H/A, nausea/vomiting, diarrhea.
(Cholinergic Agonists)
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine) CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Cholinergic Agonists)
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine) Precautions;
Cardiovascular dz
Night Driving
Asthma
(Cholinergic Agonists)
Isopto (carbechol)
Isoptocarpine (pilocarpine) Dosage;
1-2 drops up to 6x qd
Miotics
What is the (Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors);
Phospholine (echothiophate)
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) MOA;
Inhibits cholineesterase, continuous stimulation of miosis, decreas aqueous humor inflow, decreased IOP.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) Indication;
As miotic in open angle glaucoma.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) ADR;
Bradycardia, hypotension, nausea/vomiting, blurred vision, burning, tearing, lens opacities, dyspnea.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) CI
Hypersensitivity, closed angle glaucoma, inflammation.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) Precautions;
Cardiac dz.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) Dosage;
1 drop bid
(Alpha beta agonist)
Dipivefrin (propine) MOA;
Prodrug of epinephrine, stimulates alpha/beta receptors, mydriasis, increases outflow.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) Indications;
Open Angle Glaucoma
Ocular HTN
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) ADR;
Burning (because eye is dialated), stinging, H/A, blurred vision, mydriasis, photophobia, arrthythmia, HTN.
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) CI;
Hypersensitivity to epi
Closed angle glaucoma
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) Precautions;
HTN
Cardiac dz
(Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitors)
Phospholine (echothiophate) Dosage;
1 drop q 12hrs
(Mydriatics)
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine) MOA;
Blocks cholinergic stimulation
Causes mydriasis
(Mydriatics)
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine) Indication;
Wide Angle Glaucoma
(Mydriatics)
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine) ADR;
Tachycardia, HTN, hallucinations, psychosis, seizure, increased IOP, arrhythmia, H/A, dizziness.
(Mydriatics)
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine) CI;
Hypersensitivity
Narrow angle glaucoma
(Mydriatics)
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine) Precautions;
Psychotic disorders
Cardiac disorders
Elderly
(Mydriatics)
Cyclomydril (cyclopentolate/phenylephrine) Dosage;
1 drop prn
(Anti-Infectives/Aminoglycosides)
Gentak (gentamycin)
Tobrex (tobramycin) MOA:
Inhibits bacterial proteins synthesis, cell wall.
(Aminoglycosides)
Gentak (gentamycin)
Tobrex (tobramycin) Indications;
Ocular infections.
(Aminoglycosides)
Gentak (gentamycin)
Tobrex (tobramycin) ADR;
Itching
Swelling
Redness
(Aminoglycosides)
Gentak (gentamycin)
Tobrex (tobramycin) CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Aminoglycosides)
Gentak (gentamycin)
Tobrex (tobramycin) Precautions;
Pregnancy cat B
(Aminoglycosides)
Gentak (gentamycin)
Tobrex (tobramycin) Dosage;
Ointment 1/4 in 2-3 x qd
Solution 1-2 drops q 4 hrs
(Macrolides)
Erythromycin ointment MOA;
Inhibits protein synthesis, RNA.
(Macrolides)
Erythromycin ointment Indications;
Superficial eye infections of conjunctiva.
(Macrolides)
Erythromycin ointment ADR;
Redness
Drying
(Macrolides)
Erythromycin ointment CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Macrolides)
Erythromycin ointment Precautions;
Preg cat B
(Macrolides)
Erythromycin ointment Dosage;
1/2 in 2-6 x qd
Name the anti-infectives;
Aminoglycosides
Macrolides
Floroquinolones
Name the otic fluroquinolones;
Zymar (gatifloxacin)
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin)
(Fluoroquinolones)
Zymar (gatifloxacin)
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) MOA;
DNA gyrase inhibitor
(Fluoroquinolones)
Zymar (gatifloxacin)
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) Indications;
Bacterial conjuctivitis
(Fluoroquinolones)
Zymar (gatifloxacin)
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) ADR;
Pain, itching, dry eye, allergie rxn, tearing, conjunctivitis, bleeding.
(Fluoroquinolones)
Zymar (gatifloxacin)
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Fluoroquinolones)
Zymar (gatifloxacin)
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) precautions;
Pre cat C
Do not wear contacts.
Vigamox (moxifloxacin)Dosage;
1 drop int affected eye tid for 7 days
Ciloxan (ciprofloxacin) dosage;
1-2 drops q 2 hrs for 2 days
Then q 4 hrs for 5 more days

1/2"tid for 2 days
1/2"bid for 5 more days
Zymar (gatifloxacin) dosage;
1 drop q2hrs for 2 days
1 drop q6hrs for 5 more days
Polytrim
(trimenthoprim & polymixin b)
MOA;
Trimethoprim; folic acid synthesis inhibitor
Polymixin b; intracellular leakage
Polytrim
(trimenthoprim & polymixin b)
Indications;
Conjunctivitis
Polytrim
(trimenthoprim & polymixin b)
ADR;
Burning
Itching
Redness
Polytrim
(trimenthoprim & polymixin b)
CI;
Hypersensitivity
Polytrim
(trimenthoprim & polymixin b)
Precautions;
Preg cat C
Polytrim
(trimenthoprim & polymixin b)
Dosage;
1-2 drops q 4-6 hrs
(Sulfacetamide)
Bleph 10
Sulamyd
MOA;
Antagonizes Para Ameba Benzoic acid
Inhibits folic acid
(Sulfacetamide)
Bleph 10
Sulamyd
Indications;
Conjunctivitis
(Sulfacetamide)
Bleph 10
Sulamyd
ADR;
Burning
Ulcers
Irritation
Conjunctivitis
(Sulfacetamide)
Bleph 10
Sulamyd
CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Sulfacetamide)
Bleph 10
Sulamyd
Precautions;
Sulfonamide-severe allergic rxn.
(Sulfacetamide)
Bleph 10
Sulamyd
Dosage;
Ointment; apply 1-4 x day
Solution; 1-2 drops q 2-3 hrs for 7-10 days.
Name some Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonations;
Maxitrol; Neomycin/polymixin b & dexamethasone
Cortisporin opth; Neomycin, polymixin b & hydrocortisone
Tobradex; Tobramycin/dexamethasone
Pred G; Gentamycin/prednisolone
Blephamide; Sulfacetamde/prednisolone
Pred forte; prednisolone
Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonation MOA;
Antibiotic & steroid; inflammation, redness, swelling, edema.
Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonation Indications;
Ocular infection w/sx of inflammation.
Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonation CI;
Sensitivity & virus or fungal infection of eye.
Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonation ADR;
Cataracts, glaucoma, lacrimation, optic nerve damage, secondary infection.
Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonation Precautions;
Glaucoma, do not use for prolonged period of time.
Do not wear contact lenses.
Anti-Infectives/Steroid Combonation dosage;
1-2 drops 2-3 times qd for 5-7 days.
Antiallergic Eye Medications;
Patanol
Pataday (Olopatadine)
Optivar (azelastine)
(Antiallergic Eye Medications)
Patanol
Pataday (Olopatadine)
Optivar (azelastine) MOA;
Antihistimine
(Antiallergic Eye Medications)
Patanol
Pataday (Olopatadine)
Optivar (azelastine) Indication;
Allergic conjunctivitis
(Antiallergic Eye Medications)
Patanol
Pataday (Olopatadine)
Optivar (azelastine) ADR;
Cold sx, H/A, pharyngitis, nausea, blurred vision, burning, dry eyes, itching, cough.
(Antiallergic Eye Medications)
Patanol
Pataday (Olopatadine)
Optivar (azelastine) CI;
Hypersensitivity
(Antiallergic Eye Medications)
Patanol
Pataday (Olopatadine)
Optivar (azelastine) Precautions;
Pre cat C
Do not wear contacts
Patanol
Optivar (azelastine)
dosage;
1 drop bid
Pataday (Olopatadine) dosage;
1 drop qd
Name some OTC Antiallergic Eye Meds;
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
MOA;
Naphazoline; vasoconstrictor, (alpha receptors)
Pheniramine; antihistamine
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
Indications;
Ocular congestion
Itching
Allergies
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
ADR;
Increased IOP
HTN
Cardiac irregularities
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
CI;
Hypersensitivity
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
Precautions;
Do not use >72 hrs
Cardiovascular dz
HTN
Glaucoma
Contact lenses
Preg cat C
Can damage eyesite
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
Dosage;
b
Naphcon A
Opcon A
Visine A
Dose;
1-2 drops q 6 hrs
Name some OTC Vasoconstrictors;
Visine
Murine
Eye sine
(OTC Vasoconstrictors)
Visine
Murine
Eye sine
MOA;
Tetrahydrozoline; stimulates alpha receptors to produce vasoconstriction
(Visine LR;oxymetzoline)
(OTC Vasoconstrictors)
Visine
Murine
Eye sine
Indication;
Red eyes
(OTC Vasoconstrictors)
Visine
Murine
Eye sine
ADR;
Stinging, sneezing, tachycardia, palpitation, HTN, H/A, blurred vision.
(OTC Vasoconstrictors)
Visine
Murine
Eye sine
Precautions;
Glaucoma
CV dz
HTN
Contact lenses
Preg cat C
(OTC Vasoconstrictors)
Visine
Murine
Eye sine
dosage;
1-2 drops q 6 hrs prn
Ocular Lubricants
Saline
Ary Saline
MOA;
Indication;
Dosage;
MOA;Osmosis to draw fluid in

Indication;dry eyes

Dosage; 1-2 gtts q 3-4 hrs
(Hydroxypropyl Methylcellulose)
Genteal, Isopto Tears.
MOA:
Indication;
Dosage;
MOA; viscous lubricant

Indication; burning, dry eyes

Dosage; 1-2 gtts prn
(Antiviral Otic)
Viroptic (trifluridine)
MOA;
Incorporates into viral herpes DNA.
Viroptic (trifluridine)
Indications;
Conjunctivitis due to herpes I/II
Viroptic (trifluridine)
ADR;
Burning
Increased IOP
Edema
Viroptic (trifluridine)
CI
Hypersensitivity
Viroptic (trifluridine)
Precautions;
Preg cat C
Refrigerate
Viroptic (trifluridine)
Dosage;
1 drop q2hrs until epitheliazation of the corneal ulcer occurs
1 drop q4hrs for another 7 days
Name some Otic Antifungal Meds;
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
MOA;
Increase cell permeability in fungus.
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
Indications;
Fungal eye infections
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
ADR;
Blurred vision
Pain
Photophobia
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
CI;
Topical corticosteroids
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
Precautions;
Preg cat C
Natacyn (natamycin)
Ampho B
Diflucan
Dosage;
1 drop q 1-2 hrs for 3-4 days
Then q4hrs for 2-3 weeks.
(Antifungal)
Amphotericin B
iv Amphoted
Abelcet
Ambisome
MOA;
Cause porses in fungal wall, leakage.
(Antifungal)
Amphotericin B
iv Amphoted
Abelcet
Ambisome
Indications;
Susceptible fungal infections.
(Antifungal)
Amphotericin B
iv Amphoted
Abelcet
Ambisome
ADR;
Anaphylaxis, fever, chills, renal failure, hypotension, death, anemia requires test dose.
(Antifungal)
Amphotericin B
iv Amphoted
Abelcet
Ambisome
Precaution;
BUN
Creatinine
Preg cat B
(Antifungal)
Amphotericin B
iv Amphoted
Abelcet
Ambisome
Dosage;
Premeds; apap/benedryl
0.25-1.25 mg/kg/day for 4-12 weeks